Hospital Acquired Infection

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Hospital-acquired infection can be referred to as a nosocomial infection. This is an infection that’s contracted from the staff and/or area of the healthcare facility/hospital. The staff can spread infection while dealing with the patient/s, as well as contaminated equipment, sheets from the bed and or air droplets can spread this infection. Sometimes the microorganism originates from the patient 's skin micro biota. Nosocomial pneumonia is a nosocomial bacterial infection that is mostly seen in surgical intensive care units (ICUs). It develops fever and leukocytosis in the patients infected (cdc.gov).
Primary inhalation pneumonia develops when the organisms bypass the respiratory defense mechanisms. Nosocomial pneumonia shows up in patients
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Patients must discontinue mechanical ventilation as soon as possible. Staff and visiting peers should properly was their hands, use sterile techniques for invasive procedures, and isolate those that have the resistant organisms. Another hospital acquired infection s urinary tract infections also known as
UTI’s. A urinary tract infection occurs when a bacteria invades the urine and grows. The infection usually starts at the site of the opening of the urethra. Signs of this infection in the lower urinary tract infection include: cystitis, dysuria, bloody urine, abdominal pains, and mild fever. Signs shown in the upper urinary tract include: vomiting, chills, nausea, and fevers.

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Children and adults that develop symptoms of a urinary tract infection need to be checked by a physician within 24 hours. Most offices test urine for infection through a urine "dipstick" test.
The results of this test is given in just a few minutes of waiting. In addition, a doctor might send urine samples to a lab for culture testing. These results take a few days. This tells the doctor which bacteria is causing the infection and which antibiotics should be used to
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Someone that has an abnormal urinary tract is at risk for a UTI. As well as people with problems with the body’s natural defense system are most likely to get UTIs. Another common source of infection is catheters, placed in the urethra and bladder.
Catheters inhibit the body’s ability to clear microbes from the urinary tract. Bacteria travel through the catheter and thrive in the bladder. A person who cannot urinate usually needs a catheter for more than just a few days (webmed.com).
Most UTIs are not serious, but some infections can lead to serious problems. Chronic kidney infections can cause permanent damage, including kidney scars, poor function, and high blood pressure. Some acute kidney infections can be life threatening. The most life threatening infections are due to the infected bloodstream. When the bacteria enters the bloodstream, this is called septic emia.

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The greatest way to avoid these various infections under hospital acquired infections is to keep clean and use sterile instruments in the hospitals. The bacteria will always be around, therefore one must take precaution in order to avoid the entrance of it into the

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