Hospitality and kindness played a major role in Greek society and this is clear throughout Homer’s writing. In his epic, The Odyssey, Homer creates two groups, those who are kind and hospitable, and those who are not. Those who are hospitable are respected and thought highly off, while those who violate the laws of kindness eventually end up punished. During his long and treacherous journey back home to Ithica, Odysseus experiences many forms of hospitality. Some of these shows of hospitality are need and generous, while others are not.
The theme of the Odyssey is loyalty and Xenia. Homer uses conflicts in order to show the ancient Greeks that the concept of Xenia is giving those far from home generosity and hospitality and those who receive it, respect it. Being polite was part of Xenia, even if they were mean you had to be a good guest.
It is better if we all, Host and guest alike, can enjoy the feast. All that we are doing we are doing on behalf Of the revered stranger, providing him With passage home and gifts of friendship. A stranger and suppliant is as dear as a brother”(8.586-91) Alcinous explains why it is important to treat strangers with kindness. It allows
“The focus of entertaining is impressing others; the focus of true hospitality is serving others” - Tim Chester. More specifically, in Greek culture, it is the practice of friendly reception, creating new alliances with strangers, avoiding unnecessary enemies, and impressing the Gods. Throughout the epic The Odyssey by Homer, this motif is used in both positive and negative ways. As Odysseus’ tale unfolds, Homer tells about his journeys in which some people have specifically disregarded hospitality, while others are very gracious and kind. In addition, the people receiving this hospitality can also respond negatively or positively.
Brotherhood is an unbreakable connection of friendship between persons. Loyalty is related to brotherhood by being the indispensable concept of being honest and truthful in their actions. In The Tragedy of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, characters show loyalty as they obey and protect their master’s despite the consequences. In Gym Candy by Carl Deuker, characters ignore Mick’s actions and remain loyal to him. In Alas, Babylon by Pat Frank, characters show loyalty as they care for their friends and the dead.
Though Penelope treats her guests no differently than she would a king, she enjoys and is comforted by the presence of her hosts, and she takes care of and provides hospitality for people that she does not even know. Penelope goes out of her way to be a magnificent host because it's expected of her. Penelope being gracious is when she instructs her maids to make a beggar, who has a story to tell about Odysseus,
An author is able to describe his or her work’s protagonist through the use of several symbols in order to depict a hero and to allow for a greater analysis of a character. Through symbols, characters display multiple traits for the understanding of an audience. For instance, in an epic titled The Odyssey, Homer describes the tale of a hero who attempts to return to his homeland while encountering several dangers. These hindrances serve as symbols that represent several important aspects of epic poems. Thus, the symbols presented in The Odyssey reflect Greek virtues and Odysseus’s journey in addition to allowing for a deeper understanding of his character.
He seems to bring attention to different circumstances and how the character of each person is displayed through their idea of hospitality. For Penelope and Telemachus, they displayed patience and tolerance for the suitors who were taking their hospitality for granted. Circe was only pretending to be hospitable in order to deceive and hurt her guests. While on the other side of the spectrum Eumaeus seems to be genuine and kind. He wants to represent his master well and always extend hospitality to anyone who is in need.
Characters in The Odyssey show incredulous levels of loyalty that may never be possible for people to achieve, but they can still take a lesson in loyalty and trust from the characters. Odysseus trusts the gods to bring him home and Penelope also trusts the gods to bring Odysseus home. Loyalty is something that people strive for. If people follow the examples of most of the characters in The Odyssey then this world will be a more trusting place because loyalty requires trust and trust requires
It is contradictory, confusing, wrong, and sometimes fake. Creon claims his ideas and makes it clear that the state is his first priority; however, his pride clouds the true definition of state to him. Antigone rambles on about her faith to her dead family and the gods, but does not appreciate her sister as much as her dead relatives. Haimon makes it obvious that he is obedient of his father, but he truthfully is devoted to his love for Antigone. Not everything that makes itself obvious is true in life, and this goes the same for something as simple as the concept of loyalty, faith, and