Ancient Greek culture highly valued hospitality. To begin with, Ancient Greeks treated their guests with respect and kindness. In Neil Dolan’s the article, “Phaeacian Hospitality for Odysseus,” he states that, ”the relationship between guest and host was a matter of greatest importance in the culture.” The author’s words do a good job at creating an underlying meaning of what Greek Hospitality is. Ancient Greeks understand that when they treat a guest with respect the guest will give them more respect in return. In addition, when Odysseus was staying on the island of the Phaeacians,”He (Odysseus) is treated courteously and generously”(Dolan).
After the compromise, the couple finally heads to Joe’s parents’ house for dinner. “The Comfort of Cole Haans” has reminded me of one of the significance issues in modern society called cross-dressing, which will be analyzed afterward. In Meyerson’s play, he uses Joe as a special vehicle for the play’s message about cross-dressing issue. Joe has showed some characteristics which can be assumed that he is prone to conduct cross-dressing. Cross-dressing is the act or practice of wearing clothes made for opposite sex (Merriam-Webster).
Xenia in the time of The Odyssey was a way for hosts to show off just how much they could spoil their guests. However, modern day xenia has taken on a very different form. Xenia once entailed bathing one's guest and throwing a feast, but now donating money or a blanket is viewed as generous. Though ancient xenia entailed showering one's guest with gifts and asking no questions before letting a stranger into one's house, modern xenia has taken on a much simpler form to make the practice more accessible. Odysseus could show up at a stranger's door and expect to be welcomed inside, no questions asked, which is very different from today's policies, and for good reason.
The stories and epics of the great Greek heroes were each composed of a long journey that was greatly aided by the idea of hospitality. Most think of hospitality as the warm, friendly welcoming into your home. However, hospitality is merely defined as the relationship between the host and guest and can be negative or unfavorable. In the Odyssey, Odysseus learns to adapt to the different forms of hospitality. Homer clearly demonstrates the positive and negative effects of the frequent offering of hospitality throughout Odysseus’s journey in the Odyssey.
Hospitality proved to be an essential value in The Odyssey. It shows the respect for people as well as the gods. For example, Odysseus approaches Eumaios’, one of Odysseus’ loyal servants, home as an old beggar. Eumaios still takes Odysseus in and offers him food and wine. Eumaios also states that “rudeness to a stranger is not decency...All wanderers and beggar come from Zeus” (15.67-70).
They made an offering to Athena, ironically while she was in the ship disguised as Mentor. This also shows that Telemachus still respects the Gods even though he believes they are against him. “Surely we two have eaten much hospitality from other men before we came back here. May Zeus only make an end of such misery hereafter. Unharness the strangers ' horses then, and bring the men here to be feasted” (Book 4, 33-36).
Hospitality can be categorized in many ways. It also can be viewed different in different regions. Hospitably is a generous way you treat your guest. Throughout that Odyssey in book 9 showed how some people showed hospitality in ancient Greek time. One example Homer presented hospitality in the Odyssey was between Cyclops and Odysseus.
Throughout The Odyssey there are many examples that prove the significance of the Homeric value of “hospitality.” Due to the unadvanced ways of transportation and communication, many days could be spent in an unknown location and the hosts of the location were supposed to treat the guests very well. For instance, as Odysseus arrives on the island of the Phaeacians, he is greeted with welcoming hospitality. Nausikaa, “But now that you have taken refuge here, you shall not lack for clothing, or any other comfort due to a poor man in distress (VI.205-207.104.) Clearly Nausikaa and Phaeacians are aware of the challenges Odysseus has endured and offered him clothes, food and any comfort he wants, all hospitable acts. On a different note, as Odysseus
Negative presentations of hospitality almost always hurts a character in some way. One of the first instances of this is when Odysseus meets Polyphemus of the Cyclops’ Island. Polyphemus does not immediately show hospitality upon meeting Odysseus and his crew, so Odysseus asks for it. “... beholden for your help, or any gifts you give as a custom to honor strangers… Zeus will avenge the unoffending guests… We cyclops care not a whistle for your thundering Zeus… where was it, now, you left your ship…” (Homer 902). Since Polyphemus refuses to give Odysseus hospitality, there is no chance of civility and this will not help Odysseus, only hurt him.
Xenia is the ancient Greek concept of hospitality, the generosity, and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship [XENIA]. Xenia is also a way of life, in Ancient Greece, people are being hospitable all the time. Some people are being hospitable because this is the right thing to do and they also enjoy doing this, also being generous made them look good. The second reason for doing this is because people believe that Zeus was the protector of guests. “It 's wrong, my friend, to send any stranger packing— even one who arrives in worse shape than you.