Feminism is the idea that men and women are equal. (Merriam-webster.com, 2017) Two feminist writers of the late 19th century are Kate Chopin and Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Both Chopin and Gilman wrote short stories that featured a female who was ill as the main character. It is in these stories that their views on the oppressiveness of marriage become evident. Kate Chopin, in her work entitled The Story of An Hour, uses metaphors and freedom to reveal her belief that women are oppressed while Gilman, having the same view, uses symbols and verbal irony.
The novella Candide, written by Voltaire, follows the story of the young and naïve Candide, who journeys his way across South America and Europe in search of his love, Cunegonde. Along the way, he experiences slow disillusionment of his philosopher Pangloss’ theory of Optimism as he faces the world’s hardships and corruption. Inspired by numerous events of his time, Voltaire challenges the ideas of the Enlightenment in his fast-paced satirical novella. Among one of those challenged ideas is the representation of women. Women in the 18th century experienced very little freedom due to their gender roles in society, as they were under the submission of men.
As a writer during the Great Depression, John Steinbeck impacted an audience who found consolation in his famous literature, during a time of desolation and despair. Through the means of his writing, women have a perpetual role of trying to deviate from their societal roles, but are inhibited and rejected by society. The female characters in Steinbeck’s writing all are depicted as inferior in relation to their male counterparts. This observation brings about a new query open for deliberation. Was one of the most preeminent writers in history prejudiced against women?
The Necklace’ was a short story written by French writer Guy de Maupassant in the late nineteenth century, which was a period of time where the literary movements naturalism and realism were frequently used in French literature. The short story shows how greed and wealth can change a personality and affect their lifestyles. Throughout ‘The Necklace’, Maupassant aims to show the conflicts between the lower and upper classes, and how their desires may vary. This essay will discuss whether Maupassant uses social context, symbolism, literary devices and his characters demonstrate his misogynistic viewpoints. The main character of the story, Madame Loisel, lives a steady life in the middle classes in the beginning of the story.
She committed suicide after being haunted by feelings of “ill[ness], isolat[ion], and … despair” (VanSpanckeren 83) and after having an ongoing struggle with the ‘self’ and the ‘other.’ She was an eminent female poet of the 1960s whose poems mirrored the “personal” and “proto-feminist cry of anguish” (VanSpanckeren 83). Nassia Linardou claims that Sexton was considered “the high priestess” and “the Mother” (89) of confessional poetry. Her acclaimed talent emanated from her boldness to evoke newly-tackled issues such as mother-daughter relationship, suicide and sexuality. As a female poet, Sexton rebuilt her fragmented identity through her poems. Her poetry thrived on issues of the female incessant struggle, and her poems were “encoded with images of domesticity and motherhood – images which gender [her] poetry – and [her] employment of the first person pronoun” in her poetry (Crosbie 59).
‘The Colour Purple’, published in 1982, was written by Alice Walker and demonstrates the brutal treatment of black women within the early 20th century. During this time, there was much oppression, particularly for black women. They were mistreated purely because of their colour and gender. The form and content of the novel can be viewed as a slave narrative that reflects the struggle for one woman’s independence. Female independence and freedom from the patriarchal society are topics that many feminist literary theorists tend to explore, particularly those that belonged to the third wave of feminist writing.
Traditionally, women were described in a sense that is dominated by men in literary works. However, Charlotte Perkins Gilman connected the social phenomenon in that time with her personal experience to create a fictional narrative about feminist “The Yellow Wall-paper” which is about an unnamed woman who has postpartum depression and is sent to a house by her husband in order to cue her mental illness, and finally gets mad because of her self-centred and dominating husband. The narrator, a nameless woman in order to symbolize any wife, mother, or woman, is oppressed and clearly represents the significant influence from the oppression of women. Gilman uses symbolism to portray the narrator’s self-expression and the oppression she suffers in the society in the nineteenth century. In most cases, house is a symbol of security ordinarily, a cozy place where women are in a position to express their ideas and thoughts.
The Me in the Mirror was written by Connie pangarino, she was writer and activist. She struggled of her disability but she faced lot of problems at the primary stage. Basically she was disabled but she struggled for her identity in the society because the problem of her gender .So my paper going to examines how the gender was problematic in her life in the society .As a woman she suffered with the gender problems and another one is the disability. The miserable problems in her life she encounter due to her gender and disability. Throughout her autobiography, she expressed t the male dominant society in which the women are struggling of their identity.
Name Instructor Course Date Women through the Ages The Awakening is a work about the societal gender relations and it brings into focus the negative effects of the society’s expectations on the woman’s growth as an individual separate person. The story is setup in the last part of the Victorian Era, a period which had many concerns with propriety, manners, and morals. The author gives a view of intra-psychic pain experienced by the main character, Edna, due to the societal expectations. The novel has special reference to the Creole culture, the themes of sexual expression, restrictive women’s culture, and “selfishness” or art before domestic duties are highlighted in the story. The impact of the themes’ novelty led to the book being banned.
During the period of modernism, unexpected breaks in tradition occurred with viewing the world differently. The authors used literature during the modernism time to show the decay and the growing alienation of individuals. A portrayal of a restricted role in society stands reflected in Charlotte Gilman’s, “The Yellow Wallpaper.” The protagonist knows she is limited in her role in society as she agonizes what her husband will think of her actions. By visualizing the woman behind bars she pictures herself self-consciously. To capture the reader’s attention Charlotte Gilman uses a short story demonstration fear and insanity.