Housing In Nigeria

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EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF HOUSING DEFICIT ON ARCHITECTURE: A CASE OF NIGERIA. Adeyanju I. Boluwatife Department of Architecture, University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria, Abstract: Nigeria faces a tremendous shortfall in housing provisions, especially in its urban areas. Research shows that Nigeria has an estimated housing deficit of over 17 million units. Problems encountered by the government and private organizations, tend to limit the attempts to balance the gap between housing demand and supply. The growth of the population especially in the urban areas of Nigeria has assumed an alarming proportion, therefore the provision of urban infrastructure and housing to meet this demand is not proportional, which has resulted in acute shortage of…show more content…
The production of housing is has been influenced largely by policies, innovation and the ability to sustain the environment. Housing encompasses all social services and utilities that make life meaningful and the environment habitable. The problems that affect readily housing delivery in Nigeria are enormous and very complex. These problems in most of our urban cities in Nigeria encompasses the availability of housing units both in quality and the number available which in turn has resulted into congested homes and community and the resultant of this is thievery increasing pressure on the infrastructural facilities which will rapidly…show more content…
Housing represents one of the most basic human needs. To most groups housing means shelter but to others it means more as it serves as one of the best indicators of a person’s standard and it is important to both rural and urban areas. These attributes make demand for housing to know no bound as population growth and urbanization increase rapidly and the gap between housing need and supply becomes widen. This housing deficit has continued to accumulate over the years in Nigeria. In Nigeria, housing deficit as at 2007 stood at between 12 million to 14 million units (Akeju, 2007) by 2008, had risen to 18 million units (Onwuemenyi, 2008). With an annual population growth rate of 3.2% (NPC, 2006) and rapid urbanisation, the housing deficit is expected to remain on the ascendancy. Available data (for 2014) from the World Bank and the National Bureau of Statistics agree that Nigeria has an estimated housing deficit of over 17 million units. According to UN statistics, about 1.6 billion people live in substandard housing globally, while over 100 million are homeless. Nigeria hosts an uncomfortably large percentage of these two, with over 100 million Nigerians considered to live in substandard

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