According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Whereas Alzheimer’s is a “Type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Generally speaking, one could imagine
Signs and Symptoms Symptoms experienced by patients clinically diagnosed with dementia include drastic mood and personality changes, problems with language, decrease in motivation and forgetfulness. There is a gradual decline in cognitive abilities and memory, impairing day to day living. 3.1 Physiological Symptoms Physiological symptoms include body tremors, balance problems, memory distortions, trouble eating or swallowing, among other key signs. In the initial stages of dementia- mild cognitive impairment, the signs and symptoms of the disorder are tenuous. Symptoms during this stage include memory difficulty such as anomia and problems with executive functions.
Finally, the vegetative state can be a as a result of progressive brain damage. This is a situation where the brain gets damaged gradually as a result of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease or a brain tumour and eventually leads to the individual going into a vegetative state (Gosseries et al, 2011). Categories of the Vegetative stage There are two categories of the vegetative state depending on the length that the patient has been in the state. The two categories are the following: i. Continuing/ persistent vegetative
Literature Review: According to the study conducted by Glickstein (1997), Alois Alzheimer was the person who identified the Alzheimer disease for the first time in 1906. Alois Alzheimer was a doctor and he identifies the Alzheimer disease in his patient (Auguste. D.) who was showing symptoms of paranoia, psychological changes and loss of memory. During the autopsy of the patient, Dr. Alois Alzheimer observed the shrinkage in brain cells and around the brain cells. In earlier days after the discovery of the Alzheimer disease, no treatment was given to Alzheimer’s patients because loss of memory or Alzheimer disease was considered as a natural process which happens with every individual.
Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging. The condition is progressive and worsens over time; in the later stages, people with dementia become unable to carry out everyday activities and find it difficult to convey their thoughts and feelings. As the symptoms become more profound, they
One famous case of amnesia supporting Squire's view is patient H.M. (Scoville & Milner, 1957), who had parts of his left and right temporal lobe, hippocampus, amygdala and surrounding areas of both removed. He developed severe anterograde amnesia, the inability to learn new information, resulting in an almost completely absent short-term memory storage. He also had moderate retrograde amnesia, unable to remember information between 3 to 11 years prior to his surgery, but with other long-term memories unaffected. Explaining this, Squire argued that memories are consolidated in the hippocampus, easily disrupted by trauma during this. They become less dependent on the hippocampus with time, eventually being stored in the neocortex (Alvarez &
Leonard Lowe, who was played by Robert de Niro, was one of the main characters in the movie ‘Awakenings’. As early as childhood he showed signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease which was later revealed as encephalitis lethargica. Acoording to the CNS forum (2000-2015) “Patients experienced a reduced level of awareness, possibly caused by swine influenza or some type of herpes-like virus. When they awoke, about half would have severe Parkinson's-like symptoms including rigidity, bradykinesia, slight tremors, and curious eye movements, so-called occulogyric crises - an uncommon symptom in idiopathic Parkinson's disease.” Dr. Sayer, who was played by Robin Williams, was applying for a job at the hospital where Leonard was confined, although
An eponym as a medical term is defined as drug or disease which is named after a person. This could be either the person who discovered the drug or disease or the person who first had a disease. For example, Parkinson 's disease is named after an English physician who first described it in a monograph in 1817. The disease is a progressive neurological disease that typical starts to develop around the age of sixty. It is caused by the break down and death of neurons inside the brain, the reason for this is currently still unknown.
Introduction Memory is the ability to maintain and use of information for the appropriate goal (1). Appropriate performance of memory depends on the health of many brain regions, including areas that are very sensitive to injury or disease. Learning and memory impairments are common complaints of individuals with symptoms of neurological disorders that impact on the daily activities and functional capabilities(2–4). Memory impairment is the most important reasons for seeking psychological evaluation in outpatient(2). In addition, many psychiatric and neurological diseases cause impairments in the process of memory(4–6).
These type of dementia occurs about; this occurs due to the short-term memory loss. The other problem will be visual-spatial areas, reasoning, judgement and insight. Hippocampus is the region where it gets affected by Alzheimer’s disease, not only that there will be
Qualitatively, this disease can be seen with senile plaques on the brain, and neurofibrillary tangles that affect physical changes to the brain. Since there are so many branches of dementia, it can be hard to determine which type of dementia a patient is experiencing, needing to be looked at more closely. Some warning signs of this disease include getting lost, paying for bills and trouble managing money, retelling the same stories, repeatedly asking the same questions, and losing/ misplacing items, but not being able to recall how to find them (532). Though not all people progress through this disease at the same pace and times in their lives, these are just some of the few symptoms and abnormalities that those who have Alzheimer’s can display as opposed to someone their age with a normal functioning brain and having no dementia. Quantitatively, research has shown that Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 50-70% of all neurocognitive disorders (531).
I was born exactly ninety-one years to the day that Dr. Alice Stewart was. Although this may seem to be a relatively insignificant coincidence, I assure you it 's not. My role model, Dr. Stewart discovered how x-rays were linked to leukemia and other cancers in people exposed, leading to many current methods of treatments. Now if I told you my life ambition was to research to find better treatment methods and even a cure for cancer, a coincidence would seem more like fate. Often at family get-togethers, my mother recalls my numerous makeshift experiments she survived through my childhood.