These cases include Briggs v. Elliot, Brown v. Board of Education, Bulah v. Country School Board of Prince Edward County, and Bolling v. Sharpe. These cases were brought from the jurisdictions of Virginia, Washington D.C., Delaware, South Carolina, and Kansas. No matter where the cases came from, the main point was they were all against the segregation in the public schools. The foundation for these cases was built from the National Association for the Advancement of Color People (NAACP) who consistently worked towards ending racial discrimination. Unfortunately these five court cases all ended in a loss.
These three civil court cases were not the only experiences that influenced the Civil Rights Movement, yet they were important because they were giving more reasons and proof of why desegregation needed to be enacted: Shelley v. Kraemer, Brown v. Board of Education, Loving v. Virginia. White people do not have the right to decide whether African Americans are allowed to live in their neighborhood, as shown in the case Shelley v. Kraemer. Also, white people are not allowed to segregate certain schools so that African Americans can not go to them or decide that African Americans can not marry white people, such as in the cases Brown v. Board of Education and Loving v. Virginia. All of these cases are supported by the 14th amendment, which guarantees that all people are equal.
Jim Crow Laws made African Americans and Caucasians “equal”, but “separate.” Jim Crow Laws did uphold to the” separate” part of the laws, but the “equal” part was not true. Racial segregation is born. Racial segregation could be found in all public establishments in the south between the years of 1877- 1960s. Jim Crow Laws allowed Caucasian owned establishments to segregate without punishment.
There wasn’t a ton of attention in civil rights before the 1960’s, especially before the Sit-Ins. The series brought some much needed attention to the problems in civil rights. The Sit-Ins brought an immediate impact to southern stores, causing them to desegregate (“The Greensboro Sit-In”). Furthermore, “national media coverage for the Sit-Ins brought increasing attention to the struggle for civil rights” (“The Greensboro Sit-In”). The sit-ins became more popular, and spread to multiple states.
Whites and blacks are not allowed in the same schools, churches, on the same bus, or restaurants, etc. the movement achieved equal rights in 1960 that ended discrimination against people because of their race. Many of the blacks living in the United States were not known as citizens to the whites and were not treated with respect. The 3 amendments are what helped the color
During this time the Jim Crow Laws were established. The Jim Crow Laws connect to Passing because the prohibited black and whites form using the same Facilities. For example in Passing by Nella Larsen blacks were not allowed to go into places
In the Plessy vs Ferguson case in 1896, a law was passed that allowed racial segregation as long as the facilities were equal in black and white schools. A single suit was brought together to be taken to the Supreme Court in 1954 to argue the fact that black schooling was evidently under resourced and of a far lower quality than that of white schooling, proving them to be inferior and unequal. In the case of Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, the segregation of school facilities was overturned. Although segregated school was now deemed illegal, certain people did not comply with the ruling. In Little Rock, Arkansas (1957), nine black students were accompanied by state troops to their first day at Central High School, a previously all-white institution.
Broad education. Its decision created an atmosphere of confidence among black families who were worrying about the future of their loved children in the public education sector. The chief justice of the United State Supreme Court Mr. Earl Warren was clear about why the court voted for terminating segregation in the public schools. He stated, “Segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race deprives children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities, even though the physical facilities and other ‘tangible’ factors may be equal. The ‘separate but equal’ doctrine adopted in Plessy v. Ferguson has no place in the field of public education.”
Race schools affected all blacks. They were excluded from education. Black Deaf individuals were not accepted in either the Deaf or the African-American community. It was over one hundred years that black deaf had to attend separate schools. Integration of black and white students did not happen until the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court case.
The 14th amendment also says, “no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States” (source #3). This explains, how it was most definitely for states to make their own segregational laws that took away the rights of people. Therefore, segregation should have never been allowed under the rights. Given all of these points, segregation was ended because of these main problems. The Plessy vs. Ferguson case, Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus, The Little Rock case, and the facts from the 14th amendment.
There is one particular example that I can think of in my personal life that goes along with this theme of ‘white privilege.’ I attended Northeast Guilford High School, which is a primarily African American high school. Therefore, I was the minority. Right before I transitioned from middle school to high school, the district lines in my county were ‘redrawn’ and many of the black students who used to attend Eastern Guilford that lived in the lower income housing were now being sent to Northeast. It was almost as if they wanted to pull as many of the African American students into one school because they didn’t want those students of color to be attending the same school as the rich, white students.
This forbade the states from segregating students in public schools. The court mandated that all public schools in the country be integrated. But, Orval E. Faubus (governor of Arkansas) refused the nine African Americans to attend the Central High School, because his thoughts on integration were to have none. Orval Faubus went to all costs to stop the African American students by calling the state 's national guard to protect the premises
when it came to their rights as citizens and treatment in society compared to whites. Segregation of blacks from whites in public spaces such as schools was protected under the law. In 1954, the supreme court overruled the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision which allowed for segregation of schools often referred to as “separate but equal”, this decision was called Brown vs. Board of education. It ruled that separation of educational facilities was unconstitutional and put black student at a disadvantage socially and educationally. This decision being made was largely due to the young black student’s fierce protest against the injustice.
Brown V. Board of Education was a court case that challenged the idea of “Separate but equal”, the cause of this court case was that there was segregation going on in certain areas such as stores, parks, and even schools. One of the major causes of this court case was the Plessy V. Ferguson court case. The idea of the Brown V. Board of Education court case was to challenge the “Separate but equal” policy. The separate but equal policy was the idea that blacks and whites are separated but are still equal.
The Supreme Court case, Brown vs. Board of Education 349 U.S 294, dealt with the segregation of black children into “separate but equal schools.” The Brown vs. Board of Education was not the first case that dealt with the separating of the whites and blacks in schools. This case was actually made up of five separate cases heard in the United States Supreme court concerning the issue of segregation in public schools. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel were the five cases that made up the Brown case. Thurgood, Marshall, and the National Association for the Advance of Colored People (NCAAP) handled these cases.