The 1920s and 30s was a very important time period for African Americans. This was a period of enlightenment, opening up many new doors for talented African American musicians, poets, and artists. There were many artists during this time, but Aaron Douglas was special because not only did he incorporate African art in this work, his work was very inspirational to people of all cultures. His work was a wonderful example of the New Negro movement. He responded to the need for African American writers, artists, and intellectuals to embrace their cultural heritage and define their own collective personhood through the arts. Also known as the father of African American art, Aaron Douglass played one of the leading roles in the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920s. (Earle, Susan 2007) Aaron Douglas was born Topeka, Kansas in 1898 to Aaron & Elizabeth Douglas. As a child growing up he always expressed a love for art. His mom, Elizabeth Douglass used to draw and paint using watercolors, and this is what was believed to have played a part in his love for art. Elizabeth worked for the Malvane family in Topeka, which founded the Malvane Museum of …show more content…
Douglas's images depicted the lives and struggles of African Americans, and his artistic style fused his interests in modernism and African Art. " Douglas was heavily influenced by the African culture he painted for. His natural talent plus his newly acquired inspiration allowed Douglas to be considered the "Father of African American arts." That title led him to say, (Kirschke)" Do not call me the Father of African American Arts, for I am just a son of Africa, and paint for what inspires
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Joshua Johnson Joshua Johnson was an African-American painter who lived in the Baltimore area. Johnson, often viewed as the first African-American to make a living out of painting in the United States, is well-known for his professional paintings. He was a self-taught painter who worked during the 19th centuries. I thought that focusing on Joshua Johnson, is more interesting because often when the matter of artists in American art history comes up, the focus tends to be on White Americans than on the American artists of color. Joshua Johnson’s paintings were not popular until the year 1939, when they were discovered by art historians, who believed that thirteen portraits were painted by Joshua Johnson.
Arthur was an American painter, printmaker, photographer and influential arts, educator. He studied art in Paris and came back to the United, States to be a commercial designer. He also designed posters. His accomplishments as a craftsman was a vital teacher and he also was educated at Pratt Institute and the Art Students League in a new era. Georgia O’Keeffe was also a teacher at Columbia College that’s located in South Carolina.
Unlike the Lost Generation the Harlem Renaissance was the birth of the New Negro. During the 1020’s just like The Lost Generation writers in the black community a new style of literature was born with a new set of mind. Before the Harlem renaissance black literature was mostly based on slave narratives accounts written by fugitive slaves about their lives in the south and, often, after escaping to freedom. This particular literature was used to illustrate the cruelties of life under slavery one of the most prominent Negro writer of that era was Frederick Douglas (c.1818-1895). His best-known work is his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas, an American Slave.
Fredrick Douglass was born Fredrick Augustus Washington Bailey, in Maryland in 1818 to Harriet Bailey. There were two mysteries surrounding Fredrick’s early life: one, the actual date of his birth and two, the identity of his father. Even though his father has not been confirmed, it is believed that Douglass’ father was Harriet’s slave master. At the very tender age of ten, Douglass’ mother died suddenly. Shortly after her death, Fredrick was sold to Hugh Auld, where he began working on his plantation.
One of the most influential artists of the African American descent is Aaron Douglas. He was a very skilled artist, who focused mainly on print making and painting throughout his career. He has several different collections of artwork, each unique in their own way. He lead a very eventful life that ultimately improved his artwork, and his impact on the world. Through the exploration of his background, motivations and influences, and his artwork, viewers can fully understand his significant impact, particularly in the black community.
Final Project Outline The topic of my final project as related to Arts as related to African American Culture influences In the United States, is the influence sports have had. I have chosen Jack Johnson and Paul Robeson, both of whom had major impact on African American Culture and the larger American Culture and society. Coming from different cultural and family lineage, both of these great athletes were affected by the American Culture and society, but both changed the world of sports and the society with their skills and expertise. Robeson used sports as one of the avenues to propel himself to additional means of cultural expression such as debating, acting, and singing.
Many icons have come from the Civil Rights Movement such as Abraham Lincoln, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr, and Rosa Parks to name a few but none as big as Frederick Douglas. Frederick was born in February 1818 in Maryland, a breeding ground for racists and lynching of African Amercians. Frederick was a slave who learned to read and write from a young age, a rare sight for many, this is due to Blacks lack of education and literacy skills at the time. Frederick Douglas was freed on September 3, 1838 by disguising himself as a sailor and fleeing to New York. New York was an abolitionist state at the time making it easier for Douglas’s great voice to reach those ignoring the state of slavery.
Frederick Douglass addressed the graduates at Western Reserve College on July 12, 1824. Douglass speech used a formal tone with advance word choices to target his educated audience. In his speech “The Claims of the Negro Ethnology Considered”, he makes two main claims challenging the claims of white men. One, black people are humans and should be treated as humans. Douglass explains that black people possess all the qualities that qualify someone as human.
Amazing for its historical importance and its uniqueness (as one of the few black female voices to be recorded at this time). It's also an interesting study of how white voices interject and "validate" black voices, a pernicious dynamic that still exists today. It definitely highlights some of the issues Frederick Douglass had with the abolitionist movement, especially concerning the control of one's own voice. What doesn't get said often rings louder in this account than what does.
In Chapter 1 and 2 of “Creating Black Americans,” author Nell Irvin Painter addresses an imperative issue in which African history and the lives of Africans are often dismissed (2) and continue to be perceived in a negative light (1). This book gives the author the chance to revive the history of Africa, being this a sacred place to provide readers with a “history of their own.” (Painter 4) The issue that Africans were depicted in a negative light impacted various artworks and educational settings in the 19th and early 20th century. For instance, in educational settings, many students were exposed to the Eurocentric Western learning which its depiction of Africa were not only biased, but racist as well.
Progress is something everyone has to struggle and fought it through. Without progress and struggles, people wouldn't know how to make something better. Frederick Douglass once said that “If there’s no struggle, there’s no progress.” The struggle can be a physical struggle or a moral struggle, and any of them would work.
Also, his strive for education was a trait to look up to. “The plan which I adopted, and the one by which I was must successful, was that of making friends of all the little white boys whom I met in the street. As many of these I could, I converted into teachers. With their kindly aid, obtained at different times and in different places, I finally succeeded in learning to read” (Douglass 44). This was a perfect plan in gaining education, because the little white kids haven’t learned the horrible act of slavery and whites being superior to black yet.
Bringing intellectual stimulation through his invigorating works, Claude McKay was recognized to be one of the most inspirational figures during the Harlem Renaissance. McKay served to be a model for blacks, especially those who suffered the tortures of slavery in America. Poems, short-written books as well as novels were representatives of his art. From the application of skill and a bit of imagination the writings he expressed revealed real events that spurred the movement of reviving black cultural identity.
The Harlem Renaissance was a period of great cultural growth in the black community. It is accepted that it started in 1918 and lasted throughout the 1930s. Though named the ‘Harlem’ Renaissance, it was a country-wide phenomenon of pride and development among black Americans, the likes of which had never existed in such grand scale. Among the varying political actions and movements for equality, a surge of new art appeared: musical, visual, and even theatre. With said surge, many of the most well-known black authors, poets, musicians and actors rose to prevalence including Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Louis Armstrong, and Eulalie Spence.
African Americans were able to work for their own money now and gain confidence while living in America. They began to publish newspapers which increased the awareness of racial violence and express their freedom from restraint through art (O’Neill). This “negro fad” in the United States influenced art and drama that focused on the depiction of an African American in the 1920’s. African Americans were revolutionizing the way they were perceived in the U.S.. They gained confidence and made efforts to achieve their ultimate goal,