Not only did the bomb save lives in the moment, the bomb showed how the bomb affects countries and now America has nuclear weapons deals with other countries to prevent the use of a nuclear weapon like the atomic bomb. America not only protected their lives, but they protected those of people in other
Hiroshima, the bomb named after the city that was demolished by the United States during the final stages of world war two. Harry S. Truman, former president of the United States of America, was in peace negotiations with the United Kingdom, China, and Japan trying to end World War II. “The Potsdam Declaration which called for Japan’s immediate surrender and peace terms was rejected by Japan ”. “Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson felt that it was appropriate to use the United States’ new atomic bomb to end the war quickly and secure the US’s dominant place in the world ”. Whether or not, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified remains in debate up to today.
It’s no surprise that the government keeps secrets away from the American people, right? What if I told you that one of those secrets led up to over 190,000 deaths of fairly if not completely innocent people? Because that is exactly what happened as a result of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan project was a huge research conducted by scientists and physicists alike to create what would soon be the world’s first atomic bomb. Not only one of the world’s first atomic bombs, but definitely a huge turning point in history, causing bucketloads of death and destruction.
As stated in document A, President Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives. By making the decision to employ atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it successfully brought an end to World War II. Now, while these bombs did ultimately spare thousands of American lives, it did also put an end to about 200,000 lives as shown in document E. Document A stated that Admiral William Leahy, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, opposed using the bomb because it killed civilians indiscriminately. He believed that an economic blockade and conventional bombing would convince Japan to surrender. As an opposite end of the spectrum though Truman’s advisor, James Byrnes thought that the use of “the A-bombs would not only cause Japan to surrender, but also impress the Soviet Union, and hopefully stop its expansion” (Doc C).
According to Geoff Brumfiel, there was two main reasons for bombing the cities: to scare the Japanese into surrendering and to test the power of the bomb (“Why did the U.S choose Hiroshima”). The reason Hiroshima was chosen explained by historian, Alex Wellerstein, written by Brumfiel is "Hiroshima is compact," Wellerstein says. "’If you put a bomb like this in the middle of it, you end up destroying almost the entirety of the city.’” (“Why did the U.S choose Hiroshima”). Nagasaki on the other hand is a little more complicated considering it was not the original target. In an article by Alex Wellerstein, it is stated “ The initial
Theoretically of course, what if a country was to develop a weapon strong enough to completely disintegrate cities and all the people living in it? Coincidently, the United states discovered a bomb that did exactly that and ended up thrusting the world into a new era of weaponized technology towards the end of World War II. Countries from this point on became wary of opposing the United States, aware of the power they possessed, especially since the US had already used this weapon on Japan to end the war. However, the Japanese were committed to fight to the bitter end of the war and see it all the way through, regardless of the fact that the United States demanded unconditional surrender from the small country of islands. This further emphasizes that since the Japanese were not simply going to give up, Truman came to the conclusion that in order to save millions of lives, he had to take thousands.
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
To prevent going through an invasion, Truman made a hasty decision to drop the bombs. He saw the decision as an improvement to the country’s outlook. Another difference between the two as stated in an article titled, “Would FDR have dropped the bomb?”, there was much evidence that Roosevelt had been pondering possible alternatives to using the bomb on Japan, while Truman’s first instinct was to utilize the bomb at first chance only a few months after Roosevelt’s death (Mitchell
The use of the atomic bomb have been questioned for the past 73 years. Although the United States’ decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki resulted in the social and economic destruction of Japan, ultimately the bombings were justified as this action led to a quick end to the war and displayed the military might of the United States to other threatening and powerful countries. The creation and use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II was imminent as intense weapons were needed to end the war and coerce an immediate Japanese surrender. The progression towards the decision to drop the atomic bombs is extremely important here. The Allies had been battling a massive war with Japan since 1941.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
Proliferation groups are trying to get the US to lead the way and destroying and disarming their atomic bombs in hopes that other countries will follow. Forster proposes these ideas in his own words. "The goal of the treaty is to "prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament."(Forster). The US cannot just say disarm your weapons and not do the same themselves. The US needs to take charge and start things themselves.
German scientists like Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, and Ernest Rutherford were the first to aid in splitting the uranium atom that was necessary in creating the atomic bomb. These scientist were Jews, therefore during the Holocaust, they had to flee from Germany to America. The American scientists, many of whom came from fascist regimes in Europe, organized a project to exploit the new fission process for military purposes. This took place in 1939 when a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department was arranged. By the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein presented to Pres.
Who would build the world 's first nuclear weapon: America or Germany? Although the German nuclear threat was evident, the effect of Einstein’s letter to President Roosevelt showed American citizens were fearful, provided scientific facts pertaining to the nuclear bomb, and most importantly, motivated Roosevelt to take action. Who wouldn’t be fearful of a possible nuclear bomb? Einstein was very prominent during
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from. The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however.
If I had the chance to convince President Truman I would implore he search for other alternative routes than the extremity of the atomic bomb, but if it was the only way I would say he should use the bomb. The bomb’s impact, however, didn’t just end with WWII, it sparked a new era of weaponry.