How Did Architecture Influence Greek Architecture

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The Greeks, like many other civilisations, “learned and borrowed from their predecessors” , using the architecture of the past to shape their own built environment, including their temple architecture. The form of Greek temples was influenced by the use of columns in imposing Egyptian temples, and indeed also shaped by other cultures architecture, for "the great "barbarian" lesson was monumentality, the power of an architecture of public scale built of cut stone" . There was lots of experimentation in the design of Greek temples, but as time passed, several common features became standard. Temples built by the Greeks generally take a similar form to that of the Megaron: a central cella or naos, with a portico outside, supported by columns. In general, temples from this era have a rectangular footprint, and are peripteral, i.e.: they have an external colonnade, called a pteron. Although inspiration was taken from other temples, (“from these borrowings, the Greek architect evolved something characteristically his own” ,) temples developed to have forms that were distinctly Greek. Before the Greek Orders were designed, columns had a mostly practical purpose, but the Greeks changed this. What were once seen as a means to hold up a roof now had a central role in the aesthetic identity of the architecture of a culture. The Romans, like the Greeks, also took inspiration from the architecture of the past. The elaborate pediments, columns modelled after the classical
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