The Composite style was used in building the Baths of Diocletian in Rome (Cartwright). According to the fact that this specific style is developed with taking into account the accurate harmonic proportions and aesthetic decorations, it has greatly influenced the other styles of architecture, being actively used for designing the public buildings. The examples are the Neo-classical capitals and columns of Pantheon de Paris and Grand Theater in Paris. Additionally, the Romans absorbed the most important techniques from Etruscans, combining them with the Greek architectural styles. For instance, the Roman architects actively used arches and vaults, providing complex architectural structures.
The Corinthian columns which constitutes the façade of the building, are undoubtedly elements of Greek architecture. Being heavily influenced by Greek architecture, Romans incorporated elements of Greek architecture into the Pantheon. However, not everything was based on Greek traditions. After the Romans conquered the Greeks, they synthesized certain aspects of Greek architecture and internalised it as part of their own tradition. Despite being aware of vaults and arches, the Greeks did not employ these features in their buildings.
The main contributions to Roman Architecture were cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems. Roman architects continued to use the methods established by the classical orders of the Greek. Doric, Ionic and Corinthian were the traditionally used arch columns. Corinthian was favoured by most of the Roman Architects and builders because even in the late antiquity it had the Greek look. The Romans however applied their own construction and architecture methodologies to this type of architecture to make it more decorative, stable and iconic.
The Romans are considered as one of the powerful empires of ancient times. It expanded its power to the Mediterranean region and also some large areas of Western Europe. Romans occurred after the fallen of Greek empire, not surprisingly, Roman was quite similar to Greek. Romans integrated many aspects of Greek culture into their own, including the Greek Architecture such as proportion and column orders. Not only that Roman architecture had retrieved from Greek but also absorbed a great deal from Etruscan art and designed.
The Parthenon temple on the Acropolis of Athens, was built between 447 and 432 BCE, and it was dedicated to the city’s patron deity Athena (Cartwright, 2012). Following the defeat of a Persian invasion, mainland Greece and Athens in particular entered into a golden age of art and architecture (The Parthenon). During this period, also known as the Classical Greece, the Greeks pursued the notion of arête, meaning to excel and attain perfection. The people also lived in democracy; acting not for god or king but the benefit of society, change and power involved every individual and not just the elites. These two ideas were represented in the building of the Parthenon.
Many of the most famous ancient philosophers and philosophical ideals originated from Greece. In his paper, The Ancient Greeks, Part One: The Pre-Socratics, Dr. C. George Boeree explains different aspects of ancient Greek philosophy. Firstly, he explains several of the reasons as to why philosophy became so prominent in Greece compared to other nations during the same time period. Next, Dr. Boeree defines some of the basic subcategories and subsections of philosophy, mainly metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics. Lasly, he lists many major philosophers and their ideas that still stand the test of time.
were built from wood and bricks of clay, in these first Greek buildings wood was mostly used for elements of structural support and the clay bricks would have been used for walls and cladding. Thatch is believed to have been used for the roofs of many homes in ancient Greece but roof tiles made from clay was also believed to have been used for the roofs. In these early days of Greek architecture temples were first built in a horseshoe shape and only later were rectangular shaped temples built. During this time period column also would only have been used for support and were not as of yet used for
Roman Architecture is essentially a dialogue between the older, traditional rectilinear forms of the Greek civilization and the early Italic post-and-lintel traditions. However, Concrete allowed the Romans to construct vast spanning vaults, domes and arches, which would often remain standing more than 2000 years later. The Romans incorporated many architectural concepts from earlier civilizations, such as the Etruscans, the Egyptians and the Greek, into their buildings. However, these previous civilizations never tried to roof spaces as wide or as high as the Romans did. Although the best attempts of these early civilizations looked wonderful from the exterior, the interiors depended on a forest of supporting columns, something that Roman buildings didn’t necessarily have to depend
“The Egyptians had based their art on knowledge. The Greeks began to use their eyes.” (E.H. Gombach, 2016) Many of the ideas and designs were inherited in the classical Greece art such as the revolution of foreshortening and the idea of presenting idols that represented youth, strength and power. However, the art was more simplistic and much clearer arrangement, however, still based on idealistic ideas which were highly exploited in the Hellenistic era that followed. Even though the Romans inherited a lot from previous art eras, they wanted their art to be more related to the real world, developing a more human character to each individual piece of art. This transition can be seen between the two figures
The Romans were a great empire and have changed the way architecture is today. When they first started they were greatly influenced by the Greek’s. Over time they took the Greek’s methods and techniques and refined them making them better and making them their own. Through the Romans long refining process of the Greek 's methods the Romans have made architecture what it is today. The Romans methods are still used today to make lots of buildings and houses and will be used for centuries to come.