The second feature of Romans is architecture. The Romans building were design in a prodigious structure and technique to keep it last forever. In order to build such an enormous construction and elegant temples; Romans used many diverse type of materials such as marble, concrete, limestone, and fine stone during the classic era. They were the great innovator that quickly adopted new construction techniques, used new materials, and uniquely combined existing techniques with creative design to produce a whole range of new
They had a lot of precisions in their works, and the formulas that they invented later influenced the architecture in the past two millennia. Ancient Greeks enjoyed and loved everything there is to love about architecture with lots of passion. Greeks had two main principles orders in architecture, which were the Doric and Ionic. One of the Greeks best aims to the method of architecture was the Greek Temple. Theatre played a big part in Greeks life.
Besides, up to the XIX century, there was no larger dome in diameter. The name of the temple of the Greek means "The temple of all the gods" (Perdew, 2015). It is the perfect example of a Roman temple, which reached virtually without any changes to the present day (Perdew, 2015). The architect Apollodorus of Damascus, who was also the author of many buildings in the Roman Forum, built it during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in Rome (Perdew, 2015). For centuries, the appointment of the Roman Pantheon had changed several times.
The architecture known in Roman era through the archs , vaults and the domes, and most of them still existed 2000 years ago and this is because of the strength of the technique, construction and the materials used to build them, such as cement, concrete, marble, stone, and white limestone It was especially used for paving, door and window frames, and steps. The most common architectures in this era: -Columns: there are different types of columns: -Temples: The Roman temple (Maison Carré) of Nimes, France, built 19-16 BCE. -Theatres and amphitheatres: -Walls: as the Antonine and Hadrian’s Wall (c. 142 CE and c. 122 CE respectively) -Triumphal Arches: The Arch of Constantine (c. 315 CE) in Rome is the largest surviving -Private Homes:
A civilization’s architecture not only shows the artistic skills of its designers and builders but also the functionality of its engineers, the power of its government, and the inventiveness of its people. Architecture was a crucial element to the success of two major cites in Europe, Rome and Athens. Each city had structures consisting of formal architecture like temples and basilicas showing the influence that its leaders had over each city, while utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts helped build communication between distant cities throughout each empire. Though architecture as a whole was an important role in unifying the cities, the architecture design within each illustrates the similarities and differences between two.
The film emphasizes two main points about Palladio and his works. Firstly, in his lifetime, Palladio’s designs were specific to each owner and site, and the interaction between a building and its space was considered throughout each element. For Ackerman and Terry, Palladio is the most imitated architect of all time because of his strong interpretation of the classical order in a modern and applicable way. Palladio skillfully accommodates his buildings to their sites, considering their urban and natural context, while maintaining traditional proportions. Secondly, while Palladio was well-known within his own region, the books that he wrote later in his life, The Four Books, are what really carried his influence through Europe and into the United States.
Athens had better cultural achievements. “The myths continued to be popular through the centuries, and major public buildings such as the Parthenon at Athens, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Temple to Apollo at Delphi were decorated with larger-than-life sculpture representing celebrated scenes from mythology.” (Greek mythology) The architecture of Athens often revolved around pleasing the gods, and because of the fact Parthenon is still standing today, it is still a major architectural influence for modern government buildings. “All citizens in Athens could participate directly in the government. We call this form of government a direct democracy.” (Government in Athens) Due to the fact that their government allowed their people to have a voice, and this affected their culture by
Once the statue had been completed, it was so unique and grand that the Duomo committee decided to place it in an area that was more prominent, ultimately choosing the Palazzo Vecchio (Holroyd, 2006). Michelangelo made his David quite unlike the David of Donatello. It was not only gigantic but its heroism was much grander in form. He was not very pompous however, the David had over large hands to connote the reputation of David as being ‘strong of hand’. Here, the symbolism of David’s characteristic has been naturalized in his anatomy.
The Greeks, like many other civilisations, “learned and borrowed from their predecessors” , using the architecture of the past to shape their own built environment, including their temple architecture. The form of Greek temples was influenced by the use of columns in imposing Egyptian temples, and indeed also shaped by other cultures architecture, for "the great "barbarian" lesson was monumentality, the power of an architecture of public scale built of cut stone" . There was lots of experimentation in the design of Greek temples, but as time passed, several common features became standard. Temples built by the Greeks generally take a similar form to that of the Megaron: a central cella or naos, with a portico outside, supported by columns. In general,
Importance of Ancient Greece in Western Civilization With several revolutionary new ideas and theories coming from ancient Greece, they were arguably the most influential ancient civilization in the development of Western Civilization. Comparing the ancient Greeks to modern times, several of the same concepts are still utilized. The Greeks were credited with being the original thinkers, but this can be translated to more than just philosophy. Several new concepts and theories, not just about the world in general but specifically involving the nature of humans, came out of ancient Greece. Many of those concepts have been integrated into modern society.