Ancient Rome left tremendous legacies such as technological advancements, religious beliefs and governmental structures that shaped the world today. The Romans conquered many territories and took on their cultures as well, in particular the Ancient Greek culture. Ancient Greek civilizations played a major role in the history and development of the Ancient Rome civilization. The Ancient Greeks influenced the social structure, religion and military strength of Ancient Rome. The Ancient Greeks’ renowned use of democracy influenced Ancient Rome’s government structure.
One of the most influential and well-known architectural engineers in America during the twentieth century has got to be Frank Lloyd Wright. He’s created and designed many creative and functional buildings for most of his career which spanned to about seventy years. His futuristic and modern designs were unique and creative, yet they were still functional for one to live in them. His eccentric thinking has brought about and greatly influenced the image of twentieth century architecture. His works have paved the way to the designs and structures of the civil engineers and architects that we have today in the twenty-first century.
Importance of Ancient Greece in Western Civilization With several revolutionary new ideas and theories coming from ancient Greece, they were arguably the most influential ancient civilization in the development of Western Civilization. Comparing the ancient Greeks to modern times, several of the same concepts are still utilized. The Greeks were credited with being the original thinkers, but this can be translated to more than just philosophy. Several new concepts and theories, not just about the world in general but specifically involving the nature of humans, came out of ancient Greece. Many of those concepts have been integrated into modern society.
This is because after Rome conquered many of the Hellenistic lands, they had all the writings translated and began teaching it. Also, the highly educated were sent to Greece to for their learnings. Greek influence carried into the Roman Empire. Through trade and conquering lands, Rome picked up many of the cultural habits of the Greeks. This could be seen in Roman art and architecture, and literature linking Rome to Greece.
The Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek civilizations are some of the world’s oldest civilizations that thrived due to the influence and effort of various important characters. However, each of these civilizations had one key character without which the civilization would not have flourished as much at it did. For the Mesopotamian civilization, Hammurabi was an important character because he was the first person ever to create and write down a ‘Code Of Law’. In the Egyptian civilization, Osiris was one character who was very influential because he is the main reason the Egyptians believe in the afterlife. For the Greek civilization, Alexander was very significant because he was the one who spread the Greek culture around the world.
Around 700 B.C, the Etruscans brought West Asian ideas about architecture to Italy and they taught these ideas to the Romans. Romans don't have much Etruscan architecture left but lots of their underground tombs do survive and some traces of their temples. Ancient Roman architecture and technology was very important to the Roman way of life.The first technology that ancient Romans used for architecture were hammers, clay to build wedge and ink.Today we still use ink and we use paint. Most of the building structures, mechanics, crafted structures were really famous around the world. Examples of Roman technology would be bridges, roads and military technology.
The ancient Greek artists were relentless in their pursuit of excellence. They developed changes and improved existing artistic trends and styles. Because of this intense passion of the arts Greek architecture evolved over the course a few centuries displaying the ideals of human beauty and architectural design that continue to influence today’s modern civilizations. One structure that represents Greek architecture at its best are Greek temples. Initially built up sites throughout Greece were called sanctuaries, they were thought to be sacred to one or more gods.
The design and structure of a city is as important as the people who dwell within her walls. The Classical Roman cities soon fine tuned their design principles in order to reach the needs of her people. As most civilizations, Classical Roman cities’ “defense potential, adequate water supply and economic potential were the most important factors in deciding on the sites” of the cities (Cilliers). At the peak of Rome’s population, over one million in the 5th century BC, Rome adopted a grid system that had divided the town into blocks, with buildings in the center and a wall which had encircled the city (Harl). It was here where there were “aqueducts to supply water, temples, markets, theaters and amphitheaters, public baths, and playing fields” (Macaulay).
While contemplating Greek and Roman vestiges, it was obvious that they share a lot of common architectural features. As the Greek architecture preceded the Roman architecture, the latter was highly influenced by the former. However, they invented new techniques and adapted the old ones for their own purposes, creating a distinctive architectural style in many aspects: types of buildings, material used and art. Greeks and Romans designed their architectural structures according to their own ideals and culture. The worship of the Gods was one of the main purposes behind the Greek architecture.