Curious with the world and stars around him, he designed an improved telescope which allowed him to view the moons surface, and as far as the rings of Saturn. In the 16th and 17th century, that is quite a feat. Also, Galileo had great contributions to the beginning phases of laws of motion. Having done many experiments of the rate in which objects fell, helping him develop the concept of inertia. While viewing the heavens through his improved telescope, he saw moons orbiting Jupiter and the roughness of our moon.
The two theories being compared are The Giant Impactor Theory and The Capture Theory. The Giant Impactor Theory states that about 4.5 billion years ago a mars-sized planet called Theia collided with the proto Earth generating enormous amounts of debris from Earth’s outer layer. These “hot degassed material[s]” started to join together and form our Moon(Wilton, paragraph 11). The Capture Theory states that a rocky body formed somewhere else in the universe and was captured by Earth’s gravity and set into orbit around it.
Galileo Galilei also was in Astronomy and was known for Projectile Motion, Galileo was a confirmed Copernican and given to the concept of circular motion. Galileo 's 'facts ' differed from the traditional data of astronomy in that they were derived from qualitative telescopic observations. Some of the observation data that he collected from the telescope was that the phases of Venus were inexplicable in terms of Ptolemaic cosmology; Ptolemaic scheme no longer viable and the satellites of Jupiter, moving with, and approximately in the same plane as the planet, suggested more than one center of rotation in the solar system and, by analogy, the earth 's rotation around the sun. In his later theory (1632), no force is necessary to keep a body moving on a level (frictionless) plane; a body, as such, has no inclination to move or remain at rest, it is indifferent. Thus, if a body is indifferent to motion, no mover is required to sustain movement once a
In the pre-Copernican era, geocentrism was the paradigm for astronomers and philosophers. There were some thinkers, such as Aristarchus and Oresme, prior to Copernicus who advocated for heliocentrism or other models. However, the majority of philosophers and scientists held on to the physics and models of Plato, Aristotle, and Ptolemy. Nicholas Copernicus caused the paradigm shift from the idea that the Earth is stationary and central, to the idea that the Earth rotates and revolves around the sun.
The Scientific Revolution created several theories about the universe. The two major ones were heliocentric and geocentric. Heliocentric means the solar system is sun centered. Geocentric means the solar system is earth centered.
( pg.2) According to Christian the modern temporal scales are as intimidating
Mars, bringer of battle, shines brightly above us, suggesting that the fight must soon break out again. How soon, centaurs may attempt to divine by the burning of certain herbs and leaves." Firenze, while confirming the association between Mars and battle, makes it clear that astronomy, or rather the interpreting of observations into common or precise language, is not an exact science. Everything to do with the motions of the heavenly bodies is precise, but the messages are mysterious and archetypal as opposed to plain. It is like the language of our dreams, which one could argue is most pure.
II. Old-Earth Secular View Old-Earth view is proclaimed to be inspired by the Bible and the Word of God. The old-earth theory was started in 18th and 19th century by three French geologist (Berggren & Couvering, 2014). An old-earth viewpoint is that the operations that are happening in today’s world have been happening for a long time.
Thousands of years ago, our ancestors would look up at the stars glowing in the night sky wondering what lies beyond our small, self-contained little world and to this day “Few people realise the immensity of vacancy in which the dust of the material universe swims” (Wells n.p.). Many people did not understand the world during that time period so they tried to make an understanding of the world through religion. During this time period, religion shows resemblance to early cosmology as “Both dialectical dualism and eschatological dualism have a basically cosmological function - explanation of the structure of the universe” (Dualism n.p.). Many civilizations all across the world worshiped gods that came from the sky or stars. What if these gods were actually
Pluto should be a Planet (4.4.B) There are several reasons why Pluto should be reinstated as a planet. Not only because of the definition of what a planet is. Now it is classified as a dwarf planet. By calling Pluto a dwarf planet it is being recognized as a type of a planet.
However, the young Ix Chel is connected with the crescent Moon. This analysis is partially supported by some classic period depictions of the young goddess sitting on a crescent Moon, holding a rabbit. " According to ancient Maya mythology, Ix Chel was the wife of the god Itzamna, and they were the progenitors of all the other gods" (The legendary Maya goddess of fertility, Ix Chel, nd). Although the Ancient Mayans depended on the Sun to function, the Moon played a role in their society.
Which isn’t a bad thought when given the appearance of the comet is in The Fort Ancient peoples’ life time. As mentioned in Stephen Whitt’s(2005) writing One Strange Serpent Mound, The Serpent has many connections to the sky. Archaeologists have noted that the three main coils of the mound are pointing to different solstices. The three points point to the winter solstice, the summer solstice and the last coil points to the Vernal and autumnal equinoxes, or the spring and fall equinox as observed by Dr. Lepper(2009). Once thought to be that the marks were used as a solar observatory, Lepper thinks this to be unlikely.
Nebular Hypothesis is the most widely used theory of how the world became. Most scientists believe that the earth is 4.5 billion years old. The theory of nebular hypothesis says that our solar system consisted of a giant cloud of gas and dust then collapsed. Factors such as heat and pressure caused a big ball and formed a “protoplanetary disc”.
Qin Shi Haungdi was one of the most important emperors in Chinese history; as the first emperor he needed to centralize the political economical and military power as one group, (theqin-dynasty-ag.weebly.com/government.html created by weebly ) The unification of china meant that Shi haungdi would have to create a standardized measurement, weight and a system of law that would apply to every part of China. He made the banliang coin of the Qin state the single currency of the new Qin Empire. He made forms of bronze money, which came in a number of different shapes and sizes, became obsolete. The standardisation of coinage can be seen as both a symbol of the emperor’s political authority and as an important economic development.