Britain, once more, supported France when the Kaiser of Germany accused France of taking over Morocco, and started to prepare for war. These preparations also came out of Britain being uncomfortable of the fact that Germany is expanding its navy. Secondly, when Serbia doubled its size, Russia
The alliances and the new system they imposed did have a drastic effect as to why the war broke out. Countries that were not involved in the first place ended up fighting a war that was not theirs. Several alliances were signed by countries during the 1879-1914, these were important and defined the nation’s fate because if one country declared war first this inevitably meant that their ally had to declare war as well. (rhetorical question) • Austria/Hungary, did not like Serbia’s response to her ultimatum, declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914. • Russia, bound by treaty to Serbia, put together an army to defend them.
The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated. When Germany gained power again and resisted the obligations of Versailles, other European powers became alert and saw the need for new alliances. They all feared another war. Nationalist fascist leaders gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain. These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany.
In fact, it only encouraged Germany to create further problems and eventually start World War II (WWII) - a battle that Britain had to fight in Europe and over her own skies as well. This pre-WWII British policy is often referred to as appeasement. Essentially, in the late 1930s, the British government rubber stamped several annexations and territorial conquests in central Europe by the German government under Adolf Hitler. There were two main motivating factors behind this policy: the idea that what Hitler was asking for was reasonable and the British government and society wanting terribly to avoid another war. The first of these policies stemmed from Hitler 's fascist regime 's stated goal of unifying all German speakers in central Europe under the German flag.
To what factors do you attribute Napoleon’s victory at Austerlitz? Napoleon has said that ‘the whole art of war consist in a well-reasoned and ex-tremely circumspect defensive, followed by rapid and audacious [counter] attack’ (Bowden, 1997, p. 321). Given quotation is appropriate to describe the general idea that Napoleon applied successfully in the battle of Austerlitz resulting outstanding victory. Napoleon created a delusion of the weak French force witch appeared easy to defeat. Consequently, the Third Coalition rushed to battle without realizing that they are drawn to battle under conditions created and shaped by Napoleon.
These three coalitions and Russia's reaction to the system emphasized the disagreement of the European nations to the Napoleonic Empire. On the other hand, Napoleon's reign also brought a sense of nationalism. The Confederation of Rhine, which was Napoleon's reorganization of German states, stirred the German nationalism. Napoleon unified the German principalities under the French rule in a way that he used these states provide him with soldiers and supplies for his wars and because of this, the Confederation stimulated the German desire for unification. Napoleon also
When Germany then invaded Poland a group of countries called the allies united to defeat Germany and its friends, who are referred to as the Axis powers. Germany was joined by Italy,Japan and Russia (Russia changed sides part-way through the war). It is generally accepted that the main cause of World War 2 was Germany’s political,social and economic instability. 2. Technology The wars were different partly because of progress in technology.
Britain, France, Russia, and the United States were known as the Allied powers which over time included twenty-seven nations. America had tried hard not to get involved in European affairs and conflicts, but with our growing connections it became hard. Businessmen saw the opportunities and profitable advancements of Europe, which brought a large number of American 's overseas. Great Britain was a major trade partner with the U.S, so we were indirectly involved in their war. The Germans started sinking any British ships that came into view of their Unterseeboots, even if they were passenger or fishing vessels.
WWI (1914-1918) was a disastrous conflict between two sides - the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. It resulted in the victory of the Allies. There were plenty of Central Powers weaknesses, the Schlieffen plan, weak allies of Germany and their hard economic situation at the end of the WWI. However, it was not only due to these weaknesses, Allied Powers had a few strengths, that made them won. The most important of these are : greater army, control of the sea and support of the USA since 1917, while Germany was already running out of supplies and soldiers.
In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The naval race between Great Britain and Germany from 1898 to 1914 caused great friction among the two nations and was one of the causes for World War I.
The founding fathers of The United States of America insisted on incorporating a strong central leadership in The Articles of Confederation. Certain failures caused by no central leadership were: No independent judiciary, no foreign affairs head, and the inability to deal with internal and external threats. The Articles of Confederation were written hastily during a time of war. Having recently broken free from the British Empire, the writers feared having too strong of a central government. With that fear, the writers left out certain laws that needed to be established in order
Some countries such as Russia and Austria-Hungary didn’t greatly increase expidentures until around 1910, but this still evidences growing aggression before the war. The average of these country’s expidentures in 1870 was $1.91, and in 1910 this had increased to an average of $3.99. Instead of doing so in a way that made allies feel safer, it seemed this new technology could be used against anyone; “the imperialism of all European states has chronically poisons international relations” (document 5). Counrtries prioritized advancing their own military far over helping allies, and thusly allies became aggresive. Eventually, “a European war broke out.