Australia’s experiences of World War II were significant for Australia and impacted on the shaping of our national identity. Australia 's response to entry into World War II in 1939 differed from Australia 's entry into World War I in 1914. Reasons for this includes attitudes towards war changing after gaining the knowledge and experiencing consequences of World War I, the conditions and lead up to World War II as well as Australia’s strong support for Britain. Firstly, the attitude of Australians changed due to World War 3I proving that war was not glamourous or exciting like it was assumed. During the lead up to World War II Australians had already struggled to survive through the depression and were now required to survive at war. Finally, by 1939, Australians were questioning the validity to support and defend the 'Mother Country ' at all costs. These are just three of the World War II experiences that helped shape the nation.
After the Civil War, the second Industrial Revolution swept the US and the country began to flourish. Baring the economic prosperity, many Americans grew the urge to expand overseas. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, foreign policy was the hot topic among citizens and government officials. There were two sides to the argument; some Americans pushed for the aggressive foreign policy while others favored for the US to keep their nose out of foreign affairs. Notable figures in government took bold stands for and against foreign affairs. Theodore Roosevelt and William McKinley believed in imperialism, and that the booming US should spread their prosperity to other nations and territories while William Jennings Bryan and Mark
Colonialism and Imperialism affected our world both positively and negatively. On one hand, Imperialism has often been linked with racial segregation, manipulation, and hardship. On the other, it has been said that many colonial powers contributed much in terms of schools, roads, railways, and much more. Whether this time period was constructive or harmful, it has played a large part in shaping our lives today.
The major reasons for the United States to develop an empire in the 1800s were the closing of the American frontier, economics, religious and moral reasons, and geopolitics(Schultz,2014). The closing of the American frontier included acquiring new frontier from other countries. Americans believed that the “Wild West” frontier was so integral in shaping America, that we might require a new frontier in order to ensure the survival of its democracy.
Q6. Throughout the time of the 1800s, England had colonies located around the world. As England continued to prosper throughout this time period, the colonies followed suit in the improvements. In these colonies, the European colonists tended to take control over the natives. With these colonies thriving, they became strong enough to eventually be on their own. This continued in the growth, wealth, and expansion all throughout England. However, with England being far away from their colonies, they would have to create policies to make sure everyone stayed under their control. These policies proved to work well for quite some time; over time, each country would gain their own freedom from England. England made several different policies, all of them relating differently to each colony. England's vast territory was widespread throughout the world; therefore, maintaining control could sometimes be a challenge. There were two well known policies created by England. One was
In the mid to late 1700s England’s period of little involvement with the American colonies came to an end. When the British came over to fight, and eventually win, for the Americas they finally saw how much had developed. The British victory over the French in North America inevitably led to the American Revolution because it caused massive debt for England, and it ended the Era of Salutatory Effect for the colonists
For those who supported imperialism in the 1900s followed three vital reasons in the encouragement in which were Economic Factors, Military Factors, and Cultural Factors. In the United States officials have direct or indirect affects in the jurisdiction between other countries. In fact, the United States in this case wanted to acquire new markets in which goods are to be sold. Imperialism pertains a crucial military factor in which enforcement and overall involvement of imperialism. A key factor in the opposition of imperialism is the moral belief of democracy and the laws we abide to as citizens in the United States. Overall, imperialism was in fact the policy of a country’s power and overall influence economically, military wise, and of course
The 19th century was commonly known as the ‘Age of Imperialism’, during this time period the United States and a number of other major world powers began rapidly expanding their territory and influence, throughout the world. Many Americans supported the concept of imperialism due to the economic, military, and political influence that came with the annexation of fertile territories. Although this ideology seemed to benefit thriving imperialist powers such as Britain and France, the United States was only an imperialist power to the extent that they extended the U.S. power, but were an empire unsuccessful in controlling the nations under their rule.
United States Imperialism in the late 19th century was very selfish time. Many people in that time, debated about whether are not benefiting our country was the right way or the wrong way. The motiving factors that impacted our imperialism are economic, military, and cultural. These factors impacted the American Imperialism from 1890-194 by having control over weaker territories meeting our expanding needs.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, the British government was in control of the North American colonies. The prime reason for the British government to control the English colonies was so Britain could trade with the colonies. The English colonies had crops like sugar and tobacco that couldn’t be grown in England so the British relied on the colonies to ship these products to them. The colonies were able to use the British ships in trade for the colonies’ crops. With the policy of mercantilism developing in the 17th century, Britain said they could help the English colonies become a strong country by trading, even though the trading mostly helped the British.
From the 1890s to 1920, the United States went through the “Progressive Era”, where the domestic and foreign policies became a priority to the government. The United States sought to extend their power and influence through an aggressive foreign policy. In order to extend American democracy and capitalism while protecting American interests and businesses, the United States adapted an “imperialistic” mindset. Under President Roosevelt, the country grew a high interest in Asia and Latin America, and our Navy saw a rapid build-up. Although our newly adapted foreign policy was “progressive” in the eyes of President Roosevelt, many other progressives believed our policies were too concerned with foreign affairs and not enough attention was focused on the domestic issues.
When it comes time for you to write the fall of the British Empire, I will gladly supply you with the great many documents in my possession.- Benjamin Franklin. The impacts of America today are both wide, and numerous, and they have been for as long as the country has existed. The effects of the American Revolution rippled both far and wide, perhaps no more so than in Great Britain. On average, empires only last for 250, so GReat BRitian was approaching its expiration date. With an already damaged economy and a population tired of war, Britain was sure to be affected by the revolution, and it was. The American Revolution affected the English economy, diplomatic relations, and territories;
A historian once wrote that the 19th century was “a time of bitter conflict, as the world of the past fought to remain alive.” During the 19th century, there was an emergence of the political ideologies: liberalism, conservatism, and socialism. Liberalism sought to limit the government, preserve individual freedom and believed in the hierarchy of merit. Conservatism attempted to preserve the existing order and believed in tradition over reason. Socialists believed in strengthening parliaments and the working class to bolster laborers. All three of these political ideologies vastly impacted the 19th century and the preceding quote helps describe how the world remained alive through all of these conflicting and emerging ideologies.
Prior to the outbreak of War, Europe experienced a strong economic environment allowing the transformation of some powerful states to empires. However, there were already clear empires during this period. The conflicts of both World War one (WWI) and World War two (WW II) can be seen as similar in the sense that as powerful states underwent continued growth and modernisation, then begun imperialising in order to access more resources by annexing land, much like the British Empire during the 19th century. However, established powers endeavoured to halt the expansionism expressed by these states. As a result of complex alliances, all of empires (both emerging and established) were at war during the 20th century.