Supplying materials and markets for England’s industrial goods. “The destruction of industry led to unemployment on a vast scale. The poverty of the country grew. The standard of living fell to terribly low levels.” Jawaharlal Nehru explains how India became the “typical” colonial economy. Nehru goes on to say that the old Indian industries in which they built their lives on were now being broken up.
Imperialism Position Paper In the mid-1800s the British extended their power by taking control over India, leaving a detrimental impact on their nation both socially and politically after ultimately exploiting their people, leaving them on the verge if not already lost to starvation, and consciously stripping many of them of their self-governance rights. The British throughout their rule mistreated the natives, and clearly disregarded their well being after allowing them to starve, and exhausting their workers for their own personal gain. The age of imperialism in India began in the mid-1700s as the British East India Company began to gain greater political influence and power. They were eventually able to monopolize the trading industry,
This ban raised the demand for English cotton, destroyed competition of Indian textiles, and eventually flooded Indian and American markets with British goods. However, it was not until a familiar act, Navigation Acts (Americans could only trade with British), came into play the most: India becomes imperialized by Britain. Because India’s economy was already weakened by Britain’s immense profitability, India became easily accessible for conquest (1750s-1850s) and eventually became imperialized. India’s cotton economy was destroyed and Britain’s power heavily
The company brought in a British military officer named Robert Clive to arrange revenge plans on the Mughal Empire. Clive secretly established relationships with wealthy banking families in India. Banking families were Bengal’s main source of income due to the extensive amount of money they had to pay in taxes. However, with the families on the side of the British, the Mughal’s had difficulty funding its military. Among his ideas for revenge, Clive devised a plan to drive out the current ruler of the empire.
Can you imagine one day living your normal everyday life and then the next day getting colonized and being forced to do things you didn 't want. In 1707 the Mughal empire was collapsing and the British saw India as the “jewel in the crown.” So they attacked and and ended up ruling everything of indias from political, social, and economic resources. They saw all of India’s raw materials and there 300 million population as a great thing to invest and to colonize. I’m about to show you why when the British took over it led to hatred between religions, took away people 's god given rights, took advantage of people and their resources, built things that would only benefit themselves, but most of all started world hunger in india. Political Paragraph When the British assumed control of india it destroyed mutual respect and caused tension between Hindus and Muslims, and created they army 's to control and restrict basic rights from the Indians.
the peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and strict revenue collection policy and this led to a general discontentment grew rapidly and strongly among the indian soldiers as most of them came from peasant families. the adverse effects of the industrial revolution was also being felt due to the British economic policies in India that worked against the interests of indian trade and industry. the indian handicrafts completely collapsed and the craftsmen were also impoverished, as a result the British had drained india of her wealth and all of her natural resources. the resumption of tax free land and confiscation of jagirs caused discontent among the jagirdars and zamindars and Lord William Bentinck had also attached several jagirs in Bengal thus resuming the tax free lands. hence it caused widespread resentment not only among the landed aristocracy but also caused great destruction to a larger section of the middle-class people.
British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics of India because the British taxed Indians even when they were starving, as well as established a government with an army, police force, and justice system that favoured Englishmen. Although the British were proud of being able to to establish a government that worked for the 500 million people of India (Lalvani), the British made the conscious decision to demand money from those unable to feed themselves (Doc #3). During the famine of 1770, the British still expected Indians to pay taxes despite their starvation. If the Indians didn’t have enough food to eat even one meal a day, it is selfish to continue pushing them into poverty by enforcing cash crop policies but denying them the right to grow food. This shows how little the British really cared about the well being of Indians.
He succeeded Siraj-Ud-Daulah as the eighth Nawab of Bengal, and the first of the Najafi dynasty after deceiving Nawab Siraj-Ud-Daulah and surrendering his army in battle field against Robert Clive. His rule is widely considered the start of British rule in India and was a key step in eventual British domination of the country. His greed of becoming Nawab of Bengal, led him to make a secret pact with Robert Clive and surrender & slaughter of Army of Bengal in Battle of Plassey, without fighting, which led to foundation of British rule in India. For this act of treachery, he has been infamously called Gaddar-e-Abrar. Gaddar means a traitor & Abrar means faith in Urdu.
Landowners also lost land due to the zamindari system (introduced by the British), which said that zamindars were the landowners and that they had to collect the rent from peasants. Craftsmen were ruined by the large-scale rush of cheap British manufactured goods into India, which made their handmade goods uneconomical, closing their business. People who made a living by following religious pursuits lost their livelihood due to the withdrawal of royal patronage. These issues resulted in shortage of food for the Indians as they could not grow enough food, leading to health problems such as famine and
British-India had two states those under rule of Queen Monarch of Great Britain and the other under rule by the Indian prince who followed British rules. For over 200 years’ Mughal rulers governed a powerful empire in India. In 1614 King James sent the British East Indian Company, a company founded in 1577 by a group of merchants in search of quiet trade, with Sir Thomas Roe to negotiate for permission to establish the East India Company. In 1757 the British gained dominance after winning many victories and gained land at the Battle of Plassey. The British gained the upper hand after the Mughal Empire began to crumble and started to take land for the Monarch of Great Britain.