The British first took control of India in 1759, when the “East India Company,” a British corporation, used their private military to take advantage of the declining government of India, the Mughal Dynasty. After this, they exploited it for its natural wealth and imposed regulations on India’s people that helped profits, particularly after the British government got involved personally. Finally, after decades of protest and conflict, India gained independence in 1947 due to the efforts of activists such as Mohandas Gandhi and their supporters. As supporters of imperialism would argue, during this Britain maintained structured control, provided trade, and protected Indian culture. However, they restricted freedoms, imposed poverty, and destroyed
They made many changes within the country; Dadabhai Naoroji praises them about in his speech to the London audience in document 18.3. He refers to how the British abolished the religious practice of Sati(when a widow burns herself at her husband's funeral), educated both male and female, gave freedom of rights, and the security of life and prosperity to the people of India. When looking from a British point of view these seem like modern improvements but, actually these were the norms and culture of India. Which Britain had no right to impair. I oppose the harmful, unequal practices, although I believe that India was developed enough to abolish the practices themselve.
The British rule in India during the Imperial period was extremely negative for the Indian people however, the British rule ultimately created a improved Indian nation. The British forced the idea of monoculture, were racist, created unfair trade and economic distress. For the Indian nation they did provide an education system, human rights, peace and created a more modern society. The British rule began in the early 1600s.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or as more know him Mahatma Gandhi fought and died for the independance of India, even through all the cruelty people say that the British ruling helped shape modern India, did the British really help shape modern India? While many people would agree that the impact the British had was negative, but Dr.Lavani says otherwise, Lavani says that the British Helped India with their Efficient Government admission of 500 million people(Political)(Doc 6), they also built tons of mines, canals, sewers, and roads(Economic)(Doc 10), they as well protected wildlife and ancient buildings and also built universities and museums(Social)(Doc 11 & 17). Political Dr.Lavani’s side of the Argument is that the british helped build or set in stone the creation of modern India, some positives the British brought Politicly were things like really well trained armies, and great Administration(Doc 13 & 6), but that doesn’t mean the British didn’t do anything wrong, the British had only 60 Indians in Government(Doc 2), and the British used armed forces on
Britain brought to India things such as railroads, canals, railways, and telegraphs and allowed for the establishment of schools for the people (Doc1). Another good thing the British did for India was the wave of peace and the fact that they helped politically and maintained order (Doc2). On the same hand, the British also introduced Western education and brought ideas of modernization in every aspect; they introduced courts of justice and
Shown in document 6, he complained to the English that “You have given us no responsibility in our own government.” Lot of money was taken from the people to support the British government. Later India became dependant on Britain's goods coming in. The British encouraged farmers to grow cash crops causing famine in the country, many starved to death. Also racism was a huge deal because the British saw them as a lower class and having a different culture caused the people to be treated like slaves.
The poverty that the Europeans brought to India made it unbearable and extremely different for Indians to live. The job rate decreased, the standard of living decreased, and starvation increased. Millions of Indians died due to famine that the Europeans brought to India, and the poor state that they left it in. In conclusion, the British made the already unstable governments worse which led to scarcity and
India was dominant towards the cotton textile industry trade, which motivated England to take the opportunity of forcibly removing all indigenous competition: “...the British who most fully took advantage of the collapse of the empire. Between 1757 and 1803, they took control of most of India except the Northwest. The result was that the East India Company now administered major sectors of the economy, and quickly reduced the role of the big Indian bankers by changes in taxes and methods of collecting them. ”(Mukherjee) By eliminating any further competition at their weakest moment, England lowered India’s economy and chances of industrializing.
Dr.Lalvani claims that under British rule, India was modernized, giving the foundation for a government that therefore gave law and order. While this system and others were built, they were built almost entirely for British benefit and even profit. In this new government, Indians had no say in the laws being decided by the British, that were impacting them. The laws were meant to further control Indians, while the British extracted India’s wealth and flood India’s markets with textiles with the help of railroads. Wanting more and more wealth, the British logged forests to create land to grow cash crops which in the end degraded the soil making it more difficult for them to grow.
During the 1800’s and early 1900’s the world was substantially controlled by the European empires. Imperialism was Europe's main plan of action to acquire more territory. Therefore the Industrial Revolution benefited Europe tremendously giving them new machinery, technology, and production on a larger scale. The causes of World War I were Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, and Imperialism. The most important cause was Imperialism because tensions began to rise as countries competed for territory and economic power across the world.
The British worked to help preserve the environment and animals (#17).The British destroyed forests and the soil that they farmed on. After a few years the soil was degraded and the quality went down (Doc 7). This shows how even though they worked to preserve the environment, the British were really just tearing up India’s land to farm for their own crops and then ship them back to Britain. The British built 10,000 tracks and 136,000 bridges (#14). They built railways to secure their own British rule in India (#13).Even though they built lots of bridges and railroads for transportation most of it was mainly built to benefit themselves and make sure they kept their rule in
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control. Political Paragraph British imperialism had a negative effect on the politics of India because of the corrupt justice system, and the utter lack of respect that killed masses of innocent people.
in addition, the annexation of several indian states was the further causes the britsih to face a rebellion in India. the corruption and inefficiency in the british administration also created further political unrest and the indians surely wanted to get rid of the
The pressure on Britain was both internal and external - after World War II, many countries, particularly the United States, whose philosophy was rooted in freedom and democracy, and the USSR, at the time both newly established superpowers, opposed colonialism. Moreover, British political landscape was evolving with events including World War II and the Cold War, and majority public outlook within Britain advocated India’s independence. As Bertrand Russell expressed, ‘people began to feel that if British rule could be preserved only by such methods (referring to violence), then it was not worth preserving.’ This unpopularity of British imperialism, along with the British’s failed attempt at establishing India as a federation of states with the Government of India Act of 1935, which was refused due to suspicion amongst nationalists that the proposal’s ultimate agenda was not eventual independence, rather mere reform, led the British to accept that the most rational decision was to grant India its independence. Overall, upon evaluating the factors that contributed to India’s independence, I firmly believe that although Gandhi was pivotal inspiring the change and accelerating the process, the abdication of British imperial control in India stemmed primarily