Dante had never seen Satan before and the first time seeing him frightened him, as he saw three heads with huge bat looking wings, chewing on sinners. Dante hides behind Virgil when approaching Satan, as it seems to be the only shelter he finds. From the Lucifer in Dante's Inferno to the Satan that readers might imagine, there is a big difference because most of the time the stereotypical Satan is a red, half man, half goat with a large pitchfork. When according to Dante, he is much more large and insidious to whomever comes across him. The description given by Dante creates fear to the reader. As Dante and Virgil continue there journey through hell, in the ninth level, they come across the those who have committed more severe sin and are deeper within the ice. Each of the four sections are named after an individual who commits the sin. Round 1 is named Caina after Cain who killed his brother Abel, Round 2 is named Antenora after Anthenor of Troy who was Priam’s counselor during the Trojan War, Round 3 is named Ptolomaea after Ptolemy, while Round 4 is named Judecca after Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus with a
The more profound that the sin that they committed was, the deeper they are frozen in the ice. All of the souls had a betrayal of trust, one being Cain who killed his brother Abel. While being in circle nine and traveling through the different pouches of circle nine, Dante and Virgil made it to Caina, named after Cain for killing his brother and losing the trust that they had as he went against his kin. After moving through the different levels of the ice, Dante and Virgil see several people that they recognize, and then Dante begins to say, “I saw a thousand faces after that, / All purple as a dog’s lips from the frost: / I still shiver, and always will, at the sight / Of a frozen pond” (XXXII. 67-70). Dante had traveled through several levels of Hell and has been through several pouches of circles, and when he saw the souls frozen to the pond, he was so disturbed that he could not get the image out of his mind. As they were moving through the frozen pond, Dante said: “I quaked in the internal chill; and next- / I don’t know whether by will or fate or chance- / Walking among the heads I struck my foot / Hard in the face of one, with violence / That set him weeping…” (XXXII. 72-76). Dante has walked around Hell for a long time and he has never stepped on a head, but when he got to circle nine and saw the frozen souls in the pond and when he stepped on one, he knew that immense pain that they were enduring because he had a sense of pain in himself for simply stepping on someone’s head. Although being in the deepest part of Hell, it includes the deepest amount of pain that was felt. Virgil and Dante journey to the deepest pouch in Hell: Judecca. As they were traveling and made it to the last pouch in circle nine, Dante says, “I drew behind my leader’s back again. / By now (and putting it inverse I find / Fear in myself still) I had journeyed down
Dante’s Inferno is a work of art inspired by the Christian religion. Needless to say, love is essential to Christianity and it is preached in all its different forms. Dante brought his version of Hell to the world and gave us all examples of who would belong where in this “New Hell” while still giving hope, by showing us that he gets into heaven. The Hell Dante
In society, people are often labeled. Once categorized, it is extremely difficult for people to remove the branded labels. Similar to society, souls are stamped with labels of their own and categorized in Dante’s Inferno. Sinners are put by their most evil deeds in their designated pouches, which specify in a specific act of crime underneath an overarching circle. Each circle represents a general sin with pouches inside that specify the type of sin. However, there appears to be an error in the order of circles and pouches. As one descends down to meet Lucifer himself, the circle of fraud is much closer to the pit of hell than murder. Taking away a person’s life is a much more serious crime than committing fraud, but not as malicious as an act of treachery. Thus, murder should be designated between the circles of fraud and treachery.
In Dante’s poem, The Divine Comedy Volume 1: Inferno, the two main characters are Dante and Virgil. Dante is a sinner who is still alive and is basically taking a tour into Hell. Virgil on the other hand, is a “shade”, or ghost that is stuck in limbo because he lived before Christ and therefore couldn’t participate in Christian faith. Limbo is the no mans land in hell so to speak. The souls stuck in limbo are non-sinners but the fact that they did not participate in the Christian faith leaves them stuck in limbo. Throughout the poem Virgil is Dante’s guide through the inferno and plays the super-ego role in the relationship and Dante is the sinful follower that plays the ego role.
Civilization as a whole has always had a hierarchy. Thousands of years ago, it was ranked by bloodlines and social status. Hundreds of years ago, it was religious enlightenment. Throughout history, it has been wealth. But while Dante Alighieri was wronged by the political hierarchy, it helped him develop a ranked system of his own-one based on flaws. His hierarchy in The Divine Comedy is loosely based on Christianity, passing judgement on those that have yet to die and those that already have. Inferno adds its own elements to a Christian hell, while neglecting some featured in the bible. While the book is interpretive, it lacks the direct accuracy necessary to make it an extension of Christianity.
In the opening scene of Canto XXVIII of Dante’s Inferno, Dante speaks of the blood and gore that is present in the ninth bolgia of the eighth circle of Hell where those who have committed sins of scandal and schism reside. The poet compares the gruesome surroundings to the violent bloodshed during the wars in Puglia, explaining that not even these battles were as gory and bloody as the landscape of the ninth bolgia was. As Dante goes through the bolgia, he is met by a number of souls who are mutilated in various ways as a result of their sins of scandal and schism. These souls are forced to walk along a “round road” until a devil slashes their bodies in half, inflicting wounds that eventually heal, only until they reach the point where he
The message in Inferno is that everyone is destined to sin once in their lives, but everyone has a choice of how bad they want their punishment to be. Alighieri outlines this with the use of different sinners in different circles of Hell. For example, the virtuous pagans in circle one never did anything bad against God, they only didn't believe in him, and for that, they only had to be without light. However, in circle 9, there reside the people who betrayed others and made a conscious choice to sin and go against God's words, therefore landing them with the worst punishment. One sinner in this circle is Judas Iscariot, the man who went against Jesus Christ. The author describes his punishment as, "The teeth were as nothing to the claws, which
In today’s world, the mention of hell brings about fearful images of torture, fire, chains, and demons. It’s considered a place of punishment where people get what they deserve. However, when one analyzes the true depictions of hell through the religious lenses of Christianity, Judaism and Islam, it’s possible to view hell in a different, and perhaps, a more forgiving way.
Frank Herbert once wrote that “Without change, something sleeps inside us, and seldom awakens. The sleeper must awaken.” By this, he means that something must awaken, or change, inside of us in order to be able to change as a person. In the novel Inferno, by Niven and Pournelle, the main character, Allen, is a sleeper. In the novel, Allen has died and gone to the vestibule of hell and is trapped in a bottle. He asks for help and a man named Benito comes to his aid and wants to help Allan get out of Hell. As they start going through the circles of Hell, Allan judges the punishments he sees in Hell before learning anything about the people who are facing the punishments. Allen faces many internal conflicts while trying to first accept that
John Milton, however, in his poem which consists of twelve 'books', follows two stories- one being about Satan and the other one about Adam and Eve. I will be focusing on book 1 firstly. In it, Milton proposes 'Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is about the character Dante’s journey through the Inferno, Purgatorio and Paradiso, one that God has allowed him to take. In both the Inferno and Purgatorio there are souls who are being punished for their sins. In the second circle of the inferno and the seventh terrace of purgatorio the sin that most people are tempted by and is the least grave is lust. There are differences in the way Dante chooses to punish the lustful, in the Inferno and in Purgatorio. There is a similarity in the manner in which the lust the souls feel is portrayed.
“I would not, Cassius. Yet I love him well. But wherefore do you hold me here so long? What is it that you would impart to me? If it be aught toward the general good, set honor in one eye and death i' th' other, And I will look on both indifferently, let the gods so speed me as I love. The name of honor more than I fear death.” (1.2.84-91).