LIBERTÉ, ÉQULITÉ, FRATERNITÉ - THE FRENCH REVOLUTION Sushmit Dutta World History A2 May 5, 2015 Word Count - 2511 One of the most important revolution in the history of mankind was the French Revolution. The French remember and celebrate it every year on 14 July and call it the “Le jour de la prise de la Bastille”.1 It started in 1789 due to the frustration in the French people. This is quite similar to all other great revolutions like the American and Irish Revolution as they all started due to the hatred and frustration in the people of the land. Another great comparison between the French and American Revolution, it is the fact they both were influenced by enlightenment ideals, like the popular concept of humanity
Gentz wrote about these two historic revolutions in 1800 and compared them on various issues. He acknowledged the fact that these revolutions were completely disparate in their goals and ideas. For example, in the American Revolution the colonies were asking for their traditional rights as English citizens, in a calm and orderly way. On the contrary, the French revolution sought to uproot society's traditions to base them on reason alone. This difference lead Gentz to characterize the American revolution as defensive, and the French as offensive.
One interesting fact about the French Revolution is that during this time, France was in an economic, fiscal, and agricultural crisis and the middle class was suffering a financial injury. Because of it, they were living in a period of great hunger and who used to eat average two pounds of bread each day passed for a shortage of it. This deficit was due to the high cost of flour that skyrocketed because of the economic mismanagement of Louis XVI. It was one of the disagreements with the people, but not the unique. The French Revolution had four stages, five causes, and two effects.
In France from 1789-1799 the French Revolution(s) was taking place. The French Revolution was an influential series of events that caused many changes in Europe. The French Revolution was influential as the French people wanted self government in Europe, as their was already an established republic in America. The French revolution was the greatest turning point because for the first time since the Roman Republic was their a well established republic in a popular european country. Even though the French Revolution was a good turning point for Europe, and the world, it was not bloodless; during the French Revolution much blood was shed due to the invention of the guillotine killing approximately “1376.”
“I wish not merely to think, but to act.” Fichte The French Revolution (1789-1799) had a tremendous impact on all spheres of life in Europe. German intellectuals such as Kant, Fichte and Schiller, to name a few, were deeply inspired, at least initially, by this uprising of the French people for human rights, that is, until the Revolution turned into a vicious bloodbath much to the horror of the whole of Europe. The Revolution was a watershed moment in European history and after it, many questions of community, nation and relations between the individual and society became important. In Holy Roman Empire German Nation, the intellectuals who belonged to the Aufklärer, a society founded during the German Enlightenment comprising of members such as Thomas Abbot, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Moses Mendelssohn, and who greatly believed in the power of reason as the guiding principle of human behaviour would be unable to explain the extremism of the Revolution.
The French Revolution was a drastic time for the people of France. In 1789, the majority of people were living in poverty and dealing with terrible conditions. People were split into three estates: the first, second, and third, the first being the wealthiest. Political, economic, and social situations were what contributed to people’s desire for change. The three main, or biggest causes of the French Revolution, were taxes, inequality, and lack of reform.
The French Revolution was undoubtedly influenced by the political theorists of the Enlightenment. The ideas of two French political theorists in particular are easily seen throughout the French Revolution, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Baron Montesquieu. Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s thoughts and texts, such as the Social Contract, instilled the entitlement of basic human rights to all men. Rousseau’s concepts on rights combined with Baron Montesquieu’s ideas on government provided the backbone of a radical movement in the French Revolution known as the Terror. When one delves into the beginnings of the French Revolution, the motives and actions of the National Assembly, and the Terror of the French Revolution, one can obviously see the influence of two Enlightenment political theorists, Rousseau and Montesquieu.
The French Revolution was one of the significant movements that transitioned the medieval world to the modern times. During this time, there were groups that wanted this revolution and two of these are Girondins and Jacobins. When these two revolutionary groups took seats in the French National Assembly, the political left and right dichotomy was born. The Girondins are on the right wing and the Jacobins are on the left wing. Girondins were inspired by the Bible and the Greek philosophers.
The Renaissance was marked by prosperity with works of religious service, holy deities, meticulous, and beautifully perfected paintings. These works have re-produced the golden glow of ancient Greece - Rome. However, the historical flow is a non-stop movement, in which its fluctuations lie in viewpoints and sentiment of human beings. Likewise, art is not separable from history. Art is often influenced by history.
The French and American revolutions were two very important events in history that have similarities and differences in economic, military, financial and political terms. This essay will discuss how these aspects contributed to the unrests, and how they vary for either case. A cause that seems to occur in both revolutions is the problem of taxation, which is a financial problem. In the French Revolution, the Third Estate was the only class that payed the national tax.
The American and French Revolution were both inspired by a desire for democracy, yet each occurred under different historical circumstances. Both sides had different goals but they also had similar goals. The Americans had little say in the government and wanted that to change that. They also wanted to get rid of taxation without representation. The French also wanted the three classes to have more equality.
The French revolution During the French revolution, many different events were taking place, all with the same three ideas in mind, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. The people of Europe at this time knew that a formal constitution must be made to keep their country in order. At the time, sovereignty was being thrown around to different kings, people, and lines of royal descent. The thought of the people included giving equal sovereignty to their elected leader, and the people of Europe. Although the forming of the constitution did not take place until 1791, previous thinkers influenced the majority of the ideas put into the document.