The city was built where it had access to the riches of the seas but also was easily protected. The government of Carthage was similar to Rome 's. It has two chief magistrates that were akin to the Roman consuls, a council of elders that was comparable to Rome 's senate, and a people 's assembly that was like the Roman comitia (Morey, 1901). Despite these similarities, Carthage 's government was an aristocracy, something which Rome was fighting to rid itself of. Starting with the Magonid dynasty in 550 BC, Carthage 's government appeared to be ruled by a tyrant (Roman-empire.net, n.d.).
Carthage and Rome were two great rivals of the west who also almost equal in strength and resources, situated of the western Mediterranean and Italian Peninsula. Firstly, it is very important to know that Rome 's relations with Carthage down to 264 B.C.E. had been friendly. The two powers had even allied around 500 B.C.E. against the Etruscans.
Mohammed Salaheldin March 7, 2015 Grade 9, Period A Ms. Lund The Punic Wars The Punic Wars were three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When the Punic Wars began, Rome was close to complete the conquest of Italy. Meanwhile, Carthage controlled Northwestern Africa and the islands of the Western Mediterranean. When the Punic Wars ended, Rome was the greatest power West of China. Carthage was ruined when the wars ended.
The Athenians formed a crescent like formation, just like Hannibal’s army in the Battle of Cannae. Both described the formation as wings. The weakest in the center, and the stronger men on the outside, the wings. This was like Hannibal’s plan in the Battle of Cannae. He had his strongest men surrounding the Roman’s, trapping them while the kill the weaker men, thinking they have the advantage.
Winterling is also the author of Caligula: A Biography. In this book, Winterling believes that Caligula was not as “mad” or “insane” as is commonly thought. He argues that this depiction is caused by his disunion from the Senate and his emotional instability as Emperor. According to Suetonius, Caligula’s’ Biographer, Caligula was most sought after by the Roman people to be their emperor. After he had first entered the City of Rome, while away for 6 years, it is said that the celebration lasted almost three months and almost 160,000 animals were sacrificed.
While Rome had consuls, and a senate, Carthage had magistrates and a council of elders. The differences lay in the exercise of power where Carthage was ruled by a few wealthy and prominent families while Rome was able to incorporate its subjects into the state. Morey (1901). Carthage placed its army in the hands of a permanent able leader as opposed to Rome where the magistrates made decisions. With regard to resources Carthage was wealthier and had more commercial resources but when it came to organization Rome was superior.
The Roman government developed as it did because of the patricians, being put into a position of power due to their wealth, while the plebians and noncitizens could give close to no input on what could and could not happen in their republic. The patricians forced the idea upon the government that only their ideas and opinions mattered, which is how they were able to become so powerful in the Roman government. An example of this can be found in a speech from a Roman senator, in which he states, “let not the wary opinions of the common people deter you in what is best for Rome. It is we (the patricians) that have the power… we are the only ones truly qualified,” (Maganamus 1). This shows the haughtiness of the upper class because the senator,
The second Punic war was a series of wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire around 218-201 BC. The war was brought about by the rapid growth of the Carthaginian dominion in Spain. The Romans won the war against the Carthaginians and gained control of the western Mediterranean and much of Spain. There were various outcomes after the victory of the Romans in the war. First, Masinissa, who provided service to Rome during the war, was crowned King of greater Numidia and the ally of Rome.
The Battle of Aqaba was aimed to capture the last of the Ottoman ports at the Red Sea. This was one of the most important battles and its victory was essential as securing the port would open up more flank routes on Ottoman forces and it meant that British supplies had a much easier path to take to reach the forces of the Revolt. Lawrence and Auda along with 40 men recruited the Howeitat, a Syrian tribe known for their fighting on camels, and on the 6th of July, 1917 the Ottomans in Aqaba were defeated with very little Arab causalities. After his victory in Aqaba, Lawrence travelled to the Suez to arrange a delivery of food from the Royal Navy to the Arab forces and Ottoman prisoners in Aqaba. Under the command of British officers including Lawrence, the Arabs were very successful in weakening the Hejaz Railway.