The relationship between church and state during the Carolingian Period was one of mutual exploitation. An alliance emerged between Frankish kings and the Catholic Church. Carolingian rulers lent the Church their military might and provided protection from non-Christian threats. In return, the Church gave divine sanction to the Carolingian leaders, providing them with legitimacy through religion. This relationship and the distribution of power between the leaders of the church and state exposed the status and roles of the kings and clergy.
Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar. Three individuals that helped change Rome from Republic to Empire and had some of the biggest impacts on Rome. They were three of the most powerful leaders, and when their power and forces combined, the First Triumvirate started. Going from Republic to Empire, Rome went through many changes starting from individual influences, cultural and group influences, to taking on a whole new religion. “A triumvirate is a government by three people, all with equal power” (McGraw Hill 135).
Christianity has been the superior religion ever since the times of the Roman Empire. Christianity appealed to all different type of people throughout the Roman Empire, and was spread by many followers and even rulers of the Roman Empire. The main person who helped spread Christianity was Jesus, he appealed to so many people because he treated everyone with equality which meant that the rich and poor was at the same levels in his eyes.
I learnt through a presentation performed by 2 people on Medieval day about the social structure of Medieval European society. The Medieval European feudal system that was used to classify every human in a social class that was used over a period of a 100 years. The amount of goods you provided and how loyal you were to someone of a higher rank allowed you to gain protection and more. What you were decided what class you were considered to fit.
From the commencement of Henry VII’s reign, it was vital that Henry established his dynasty, by securing his position on the throne, and one interpretation shown in Source 2 is that Henry’s control over finance proved a great aid in not only gaining financial power, but in gaining political power. However some historians have come to refer to Henry as the ‘miserly’ king due to his expenditure, as shown in Source 1, which, when analysing this source can be viewed as an unrepresentative and unconvincing interpretation. Firstly, Source 1 creates the image of Henry’s attitude towards finance being miserly, through both the picture and the provenance, with the idea of Henry VII building a lavish chapel. This is shown through the visual representation
A new breed of powerful monarchs emerged in 15th and early 16th century Europe. These new monarchs strayed away from the previous Middle-age idea of monarchies, who greatly struggled for power. Monarchs of the 15th and early 16th century utilized Italian humanist Niccoló Machiavelli’s ideas of gaining, maintaining, and increasing power to strengthen their authority and prestige. Machiavelli preached the importance for rulers to exhibit characteristics of a cunning fox, as well as a tough lion in order to be successful. The rulers of France, England, and Spain implemented clever and shrewd tactics which included obtaining power and influence over the papacy, reconstructing their governments, and enhancing state revenues through new and effective
In the age of imperialism, which was said to last from 1870 to 1914, was another one of those time periods where nations would compete for international power. As such, there were plenty of atrocious events that almost every imperialistic nation is responsible for, that would define this time period as one of the most gruesome time periods of mankind. At the time, it was Europe who was leading this new revolution of imperialism, and almost every country within Europe wanted a piece of this power that was waiting to be obtained, even countries as small as Belgium. The King of Belgium at the time of imperialism was King Leopold II.
Many historians hail him as a good emperor because of his positive contributions to the Church. Before Constantine's reign the church was underground and was hardly recognized as a legitimate religion, in fact Christians were recognized as cannibals (because of the ordinance of the Lord's supper) or atheists because they didn't believe in Paganism. Christianity started off small, it was an offshoot of Judaism, but it slowly became bigger and bigger and when Constantine came to power it was the second biggest religion in the Roman empire. Christianity became so popular, even Constantine himself converted making the religion the religion of the state. This made Christianity very popular, suddenly high class people and the wealthy started converting,
The only thing standing in the way of Nero’s control over the Roman empire was his mother Agrippina. While Nero grew up, she took the role of emperor and became the most influential and powerful woman of her time, until she was murdered by her own son. The reason Nero killed his mother is not completely understood, but Suetonius believed that his mother pestered him with “surveillance and criticism.” Other accounts suggest an influence from a mistress named Poppaea, who wanted to marry Nero against his mother’s wish. Whatever the reason, Nero did have a tendency towards paranoia and killed those who threatened, and perhaps his mother’s death is just one more incident where he let fear control him.
The Dutch Revolt of the sixteenth century was the result of a change in ideas of sovereignty between Charles V and Phillip II. The recently unified provinces had revolted previously, and several cities had resisted the imposition of new Habsburg laws . However, the overall reaction to the rule of Charles V had been peaceful, given the personal relationship between the sovereign and the nobility of the provinces. This was strained at times, despite this, the concession of rights to nobles had ensured loyalty to the crown. This loyalty to the sovereign is represented in the Dutch national anthem, Het Wilhelmus, in the lyrics ‘den Koning van Hispanje /heb