After the fall of Rome, bishops led the early church, the papacy served as authority over the people, and church laws were soon universal. The bishop of Rome was recognized as a superior because Peter was the first authority of the city and that earned some popularity points with the public. For centuries Popes claimed supremacy over the Roman Catholic Church .The power of the see of Constantinople challenged Rome 's power. This led to a slip of the eastern and western churches. The Eastern church resented the Roman enforcement of clerical celibacy and the limitation of the right of confirmation to the bishop.
Urban II was the pope from 1088 to 1099 when he died. His role in society was important because he set the foundation for the Roman Catholic Church. He influenced many other clerics and noblemen to stick up for Christian faith, so the Catholics could get what they truly deserved out of this world. Urban II’s greatest accomplishment was the crusades. Europe’s economy deeply excelled during these years, which turned this country into an economic role model.
The Church began preaching the good of participating of Crusades and how if you returned successful, all of your sins would be forgiven. However, in the past the Catholic faith consisted of teachings of peace and harmony, not war and violence. During the time of the Crusades, the church had a large increase of power and influence over its followers. As the Church was such a vital part of everyday life, it became able to control the minds and decisions of those who followed it. But it also grew in wealth as it became able to participate in political abilities, such as tax collecting.
In all honesty Charlemagne was a great emperor. He is the reason that the kingdom transitioned into the Modern Europe we know now. His two policies expansion and christianity helped him being a good emperor. He had a vision and he did a really good job at making his vision come true. He wanted all the Germanic people in one kingdom and he wanted them to convert to christianity.
Unlike today, there was no official separation between the church and state, “and politics and religion were very much mixed. When Columbus came to the Americas in search of land for his king, he also came to claim land for God” (Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration). The Europeans spread Christianity, and it became very popular among the colonies of the New World. “Roman Catholicism was the official religion of Spain, so the Spanish conquistadors sought to spread Catholicism throughout their colonies, in addition to accumulating wealth and power” (Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration). The Spanish missionaries worked very hard throughout the Americas and attempted to evangelize Native American groups.
it is believed that Constantine had a vision of winning the battle with the symbol of Christianity, the “Chi Rho”, painted on the shields of his army: Figure 2 the first two letters in the Greek word for "Christ" superimposed on top of each other. Whether Constantine’s army won because of a little divine intervention, or because his army was better, the outcome of that battle boosted Christianity in Rome. Constantine
The Filioque was one of the most important ones. A passage in the Nicene Creed of 325 BC contained the following: “And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified.” This would mean that the Holy Spirit derives from the father only, which didn’t coincide with the thought of the church in the East, where they believed that the Holy Spirit derived from the Father and the Son. Because of this, and addition was made to the Nicene Creed, where it was written: “And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son ….” This addition was considered illegal by the church in the East. Pugliese summarizes the importance of the insertion of “and from the Son” in the theological debates that ensued: The question concerning the filioque is not whether the Son plays a role in the generation of the Holy Spirit, nor whether the Son is second in logical order in the Trinity, since the eastern Churches admit that the Holy Spirit proceeds through (Gk. διά) the Son.
When Spain conquered the native populations in America, it brought with it the Roman Catholic religion, hoping to spread it through the new colonies. In northern America, Calvinism (A.K.A. Puritanism) was established along with other, less strict forms of Protestantism. As the protestant religion spread, so did the so-called “protestant work ethic”. This idea that one must work hard to establish personal success and to live a Godly life helped to encourage the development of capitalism as an economic structure.
Charlemagne was also known as Charles the Great. He was king of the Franks and he united the majority of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages. On top of that, he laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He attempted to unite all Germanic peoples into one kingdom and convert his subjects to Christianity. Being a skilled military strategist, he spent much of his reign in warfare so that he could manage to accomplish his goals.
Christianity was a factor because it replace the roman polyesthic religion that viewed the emperor as the god. Constantine tried to use this religion to unify the empire and regulate the eastern empire more efficiently. The eastern empire remained an effective political and economic