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Western civilization came about after the blending and mixing of various cultures that spread from Ancient Greece and Rome throughout Europe and later on America. As Western Civilization spread, the areas that have been influenced by this is often called The West. As of today, Greek and Romans ideas of philosophy, literature, mathematics, astronomy and government are still present.

The ideas of government that were developed by Greeks and Romans served as a basis for the United States’ government today. In the 400s B.C., Greece began to implement direct democracy and in 509 B.C., Romans developed representative government. By 2003, approximately 62% of the world government were democracies. In 2002, there were more than 120 democracies established*…show more content…*

Some of the greatest known philosophers from Ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Aristotle created the basis for the scientific method that is used today. He was known for questioning the nature of world and human belief. Socrates used to encourage Greeks to question themselves and was later admired by many that had understanding of his new ideas. Mathematics and astronomy were also a huge advancement. Some of the theories that the Greeks developed about astronomy were not always correct but they changed the way earth, the sun and the solar system were seen. Eratosthenes estimated that the earth’s circumference was about 28,000 to 29,000 miles when in reality it is 24,860. Aristarchus estimated that the sun was 300 times the size of earth and it actually is 1.3 million times the size of earth. Ptolemy thought that the earth was the center of the solar system and this is how people thought the solar system looked for 14 centuries. Some of the greatest mathematicians were Euclid, Pythagoras and Archimedes. Euclid created a geometry textbook with 465 propositions and proofs about geometry titled Elements. Pythagoras invented the Pythagorean Theorem, which states that “the square of a right triangle’s hypotenuse equals the squared lengths of the two remaining sides.”(Ancient World History -------) Lastly, Archimedes, a scientist, estimated the accurate value of Pi. Most of these theories although they were not always accurate they led to further

The ideas of government that were developed by Greeks and Romans served as a basis for the United States’ government today. In the 400s B.C., Greece began to implement direct democracy and in 509 B.C., Romans developed representative government. By 2003, approximately 62% of the world government were democracies. In 2002, there were more than 120 democracies established

Some of the greatest known philosophers from Ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Aristotle created the basis for the scientific method that is used today. He was known for questioning the nature of world and human belief. Socrates used to encourage Greeks to question themselves and was later admired by many that had understanding of his new ideas. Mathematics and astronomy were also a huge advancement. Some of the theories that the Greeks developed about astronomy were not always correct but they changed the way earth, the sun and the solar system were seen. Eratosthenes estimated that the earth’s circumference was about 28,000 to 29,000 miles when in reality it is 24,860. Aristarchus estimated that the sun was 300 times the size of earth and it actually is 1.3 million times the size of earth. Ptolemy thought that the earth was the center of the solar system and this is how people thought the solar system looked for 14 centuries. Some of the greatest mathematicians were Euclid, Pythagoras and Archimedes. Euclid created a geometry textbook with 465 propositions and proofs about geometry titled Elements. Pythagoras invented the Pythagorean Theorem, which states that “the square of a right triangle’s hypotenuse equals the squared lengths of the two remaining sides.”(Ancient World History -------) Lastly, Archimedes, a scientist, estimated the accurate value of Pi. Most of these theories although they were not always accurate they led to further

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## Western Civilization Characteristics

915 Words | 4 PagesCharacteristics of Western Civilization can be found in many different ancient civilizations. Ancient Greece has had the most influence on western civilization. Aspects of western civilization such as philosophy, Western values, and science were all influenced by ancient Greek. The roots of western civilization can be traced back to four thousand years ago, in ancient Greece. Philosophy opened a whole different way of thinking.

## How Did Ancient Greek Influence Today

869 Words | 4 PagesMany of the roots of modern intellectual ideas and philosophies have stemmed from the ideas and philosophies of the ancient Greeks. While many other cultures had some impact, the Greeks most definitely had the most influence on modern math and science. Most notably, “the three Athenians that would come to dominate philosophy for the next 2000 years: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle”(p8). These three philosophers, along with many others from in or around ancient Greece set the foundation for Western intellect today. The communication abilities and location of ancient Greece allowed them to not only gather information about the ideas of diverse cultures around the world but also to have skepticism about the information and determine what was true.

## Greek Mathematician Euclid Research Paper

961 Words | 4 PagesHis books also contain geometric algebra which help solve algebraic sums such as finding the square root of a number. Euclid’s type of geometry is called Euclidean geometry and is composed of elements. Euclid introduced the principals of geometry and its foundations. His work of elements has long been regarded as one of the most influential works in mathematics. His work of elements was such a major discovery in mathematics that he is rarely called anything other than ‘The Author of Elements’ by his peers and other

## Pythagoras: Astronomer's Impact On The Science World

1486 Words | 6 Pages“Pythagoras discovered that a complete system of mathematics could be constructed, where geometric elements corresponded with numbers, and where integers and their ratios were all that was necessary to establish an entire system of logic and truth” (“Greek Mathematics, 6). The Pythagorean theorem was originally just used to find the sides of a right triangle, but now is used on any shape. Pythagoras discovered “that, for any right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side, opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the square of the other two sides (or “legs”). Written as an equation: a2 + b2 = c2”(“Greek Mathematics”,3). Little did Pythagoras and his followers know that this formula would be used for years to come.

## Euclid: The Alexandrian School Of Mathematics

2105 Words | 9 PagesThe famous theorem ‘Pythagoras’ was proved on his first book. On the other hand, he defined divisibility, prime numbers, GCD and also proved several properties of these notations. Euclid came up with the algorithm for finding gcd of two numbers using repeated division. Looking his work on “solid geometry he proved the existence of five regular polyhedral, tetrahedron, cube, octahedron and icosahedron”. Euclid is a famous Greek mathematician but he is “not a first rated but he was the first mathematician to realize that proof and reasoning were as important as the statement of the theorem”.

## Compare And Contrast Ancient Greek And Roman Democracy

1489 Words | 6 PagesHowever up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts. The term, Democracy, stems from the Greek word ‘demokratia’ which means rule by the people and it wasn’t until around 500 BCE in Athens where the first examples of democracy originated. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empire’s republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. As I will come to

## Western Civilization DBQ

686 Words | 3 PagesThe classical Greeks contributed to, and influenced Western Civilization in several ways. For example, the classical Greeks contributed in many ways in the areas of the arts, both in visual pictures and physical sculptures. They also advanced greatly in both mathematics and science, most notably geometry and medical sciences. As well as this, they influenced Western Civilization through their philosophical thoughts and studies. While all of these contributions are significant to Western Civilization, the most important contribution is the development of a democratic government.

## Western Political Philosophy: Plato's Contribution To Western Politics

913 Words | 4 PagesSocrates was an Athenian philosopher; he was known to be the founder of Western philosophy. He is known from the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon. We have come to know through Plato’s writing about the contributions of Socrates in the field of ethics. He became famous because of his work related to ethics. Socrates has also worked in the field of epistemology.

## Socrates And Plato's Moral Ethics

1745 Words | 7 PagesMany individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato. Plato has been the most influential and valuable of all his students, based on Socrates philosophy and life. Plato was born in Athens, Greece in 427 BC. He was known as the “divine teacher”. He founded the first institution of higher learning in the Western world which was called, “The Academy”.

## Romeo And Juliet Summary

2498 Words | 10 PagesThales of Miletus is the first proper philosopher in ancient Greece, the founder and the father of ionic school of ancient Greek Philosophy. Thales believed that the principle of all things is water, that all of things is came from water, and to water they returns. He believed that the earth is a flat disc, which floats upon water. Most philosophers in ancient Greece are Materialists which they believed that all things are

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