In 1952 the US got involved after Nicaragua solicited U.S. assistance to overthrow the Guatemalan leader, Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. President Truman authorized the shipment of weapons and money to anti-Arbenz groups. But, within five weeks the operation to topple Arbenz quickly fizzled when representatives loyal to the president uncovered the plot and took steps to solidify their power. Later Eisenhower sought to defend American interests abroad with an increase in funds for nuclear weapons and covert operations. After that, convinced that Arbenz threatened U.S. national security because of his alleged Communist sympathies, Eisenhower approved the first-ever clandestine military action in Latin America.
However, that changed in 1994 when another wave of Cuban exiles arrived by boat. Following the Mariel Boat Wave Ronald Reagan criticized Carter for allowing the Mariel refugees into the United States (Gonzalez 113). This time, White America’s view on Cuban refugees shifted to match their views of refugees from the rest of Latin America. Concurrently, the political climate shifted as well and, according to Gonzalez, with the 1994 wave of Cuban refugees called balseros Bill Clinton ordered the first halt on special treatment of Cuban refugees in the United States’ history. Accordingly, U.S. officials would detain the balseros and, this time they would deny their entry (Gonzalez 108).
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion that the CIA had financed which involved training a group of Cuban refugees to land in Cuba. The primary goal of the invasion was to get rid of the communist government led by Fidel Castro. The Outcome of the invasion was unexpected, and the invasion failed miserably. The plan failed due to last minute cancellations of airstrikes, and the lack of knowledge that Castro had ordered 20,000 troops in advance to go to the attack site; this resulted in having the Cuban Air Force dominating the sky, which did not allow the U.S army to fight back. As the invasion went on, the chance of the U.S winning decreased within every hour.
United States’ Embargo Against Cuba Should Be Lifted On October 19, 1960, United States’ President Dwight D. Eisenhower broke ties with the country of Cuba, creating a trade embargo between the two nations. One year later, current president Barack Obama was born. Today, 55 years later, President Obama is fighting for the end of a policy that has existed longer than he has. The long-standing embargo with Cuba has lasted too long; no one is gaining anything from it, if they ever actually had. Although it is argued that Cuba is still a threat to the United States, Congress should follow President Obama’s plan to lift the Cuban trade embargo to benefit both countries involved.
By August 1973, Pol Pot’s army had grown large and became a force to be reckoned with. The civil war in Cambodia went on until 1975, ending with the KPRP and Pol Pot on top (Pol Pot). He was soon given the role of prime minister, which would be unfortunate for everyone. Half a million Cambodians had died and this was just the
Fidel Castro began organizing an expedition against Batista called the 26th of July Movement. (Lockwood) Accordinging to the Encyclopedia of World Biography, On December 2, 1956, Castro, his brother Raúl Castro, and 80 other men landed in Oriente Province. After encounters with the army, in which all but 12 of his men were killed or captured, Castro fled to the Sierra Maestra, forming in these mountains a nucleus for a guerrilla operation. This compares to Jack because he experiences a similar initial defeat when “every hand outside the choir except Piggy’s was raised immediately “ (23) for Ralph to be chief and not Jack. However, Jack later gains most of the boys to be in his tribe and they become the dominant group while Ralph, Piggy, Sam, and Eric became the outsiders.
As a result, the United States feared that the Soviet influence of communism would spread in Cuba and then other neighboring countries in the Americas. Furthermore, the United States believed that the Soviets were attempting to establish Communist government that would threaten its power and influence in Latin America. In response, the United States took action as a precaution by organizing the training of Cuban exiles and cutting purchases of Cuban sugar. However, Cuba responded back by nationalizing U.S. banks and companies that made lots of profits from exploiting Cuba’s resources. In a way, the trade embargo served as a method to
The Cuban Missile Address is delivered October 22nd, 1962 in the Presidential office through a major radio and television address (Podell, Anzovin, and States United 705). Historically, it is worth mentioning that United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, who was at the time Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, in at least two occasions known as the Bay of Pigs Operation and Operation Mongoose, because of his communist regime and close relationship with the Soviet Union (Pious). Then, after the Bay of Pigs incident, Fidel Castro urged Nikita Khrushchev, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to send support and weapons to Cuba, because of the fear of another attack to his person/regime, Nikita did by sending missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, hence, this major crisis that lasted 14 days ending October 28, 1962 (Deinema and Leydesdorff). In addition, the target audience for this speech is the American people as President starts his speech with the phrase, “Good evening, my fellow citizens” (Kennedy); however, the secondary audience would be the Cuban people, whom he describes as captive people, the Soviet Union leaders, whom he directly addresses and even quotes, and Fidel Castro of course (Kennedy). As noted above, the cultural, socio-political context is important to understand the seriousness of this crisis and
A wily, peasant-born leader, Villa joined with Emiliano Zapata to keep the spirit of rebellion alive in Mexico and harass the Carranza government. A year later, though, Wilson decided Carranza had made enough steps towards democratic reform to merit official American support, and the president abandoned Villa. Outraged, Villa turned against the United States. In January 1916, he kidnapped 18 Americans from a Mexican train and slaughtered them. A few weeks later, on this day in 1916, Villa led an army of about 1,500 guerillas across the border to stage a brutal raid against the small American town of Columbus, New Mexico.
Which shows that dictators can inherited power, or gain a little bit power and then expand their power. An interesting dictator who took gained power by having some power first is Saddam Hussein, who took power from al-Bakr. After Hussein came to power, a list with the names of politicians that opposed Saddam were recited at a meeting that they were at. The politicians were taken to the court of law and trialled found responsible for treason, of the 68 politicians, 22 were executed. In early August 1979, many politicians that opposed Hussein were dead.
He thought Mobile was next on the list, and after that, New Orleans. The General twice attempted to reach a peaceful agreement with the Spanish, and after both attempts failed, he ordered, “Turn out the troops.” On November 7, 1814, Andrew Jackson led approximately 4,000 troops into Pensacola where they fought the British and Spanish forces. The same day that Jackson attacked, the governor, Mateo Gonzalez Manrique, emerged waiving a white flag. His only condition to surrender was that the city would be spared. Also on that day, Fort San Miguel was capitulated and the British then moved to Fort San Carlos.