In December 2003, the first case BSE infection was reported in Washington State when a cow tested positive for Bovine Spongiform Encepcephalopathy. The Creutzfeldt-Jakob-Disease was first discovered in Texas in June 2005 making the first case of CJD U.S. In March 2006, another case of Mad Cow Disease was reported in U.S, Alabama by the USD. A routine inspection which was conducted in California identified a dairy cow which was suffering from the Mad Cow Disease. The cow that died in 2010 in Southern Brazil and was diagnosed and found to contain prion protein made the Japanese government to suspend the importation of the raw beef from Brazil.
Towards the end of the Yellow Fever epidemic, over 5000 individuals were dead. Writers from the History webpage claim, “Famous early American Cotton Mather described it as ‘turning yellow then vomiting and bleeding every way.” The only way individuals during the Antebellum era knew that people had been infected was by their symptom, and based upon the symptoms they would experiment until they found a cure. Lastly, Smallpox during the 1990’s was used as a defense mechanism in the
Diseases such as diphtheria, the bubonic plague, influenza, typhus, and scarlet fever were scattered throughout the New World as the Europeans settled inland. The Native Americans who had little to no resistance against these diseases succumbed. It is estimated around 90% of Native Americans population perished due to the diseases listed above. However the explorers weren’t the sole transmitters these diseases. Critters and livestock like mosquitoes, black rats and chickens that migrated along with the Europeans also carried the bacteria.
A fomite is an inanimate object that can become infected with virus, and in this case, transmit it through skin contact. Fomites that are associated with the spread of the molluscum virus include clothing, towels, bath sponges, pool equipment, and toys. There is speculation that the virus can also be spread by sharing swimming pools, baths, saunas, and other warm, wet environments but researchers who study the etiology of the virus don’t believe this to be likely. Molluscum can be spread by autoinoculation, the process of scratching a lesion and touching your body, or another body, somewhere else. Shaving and electrolysis (the removal of hair via electric current) have been shown to spread the virus.
Food and water: examples would be chlorination of water supplies, establishment of effective sewage treatments facilities, control of food handlers, standards for monitoring the manufacture and distribution of commercially prepared food. 4) Explain what are three principal means of controlling spread of communicable diseases? The three principal means of controlling the spread of communicable diseases are Immunization, identification, isolation and treatment of infected persons. Immunization can be used to protect susceptible persons entering a foreign country. Identification would be identifying and treats promptly in order to shorten the time during which they can infect others.
KEY TERMS & CONTENT: You need to be familiar and able to discuss the following terms/concepts… EXCHANGE AND INTERACTION: Trading and encounters with others. Columbian Exchange= Exchanges of diseases, food, cultures, etc from Europe with the arrival of Columbus in 1492. Corn One of the 3 sisters. Grown in the centermost ring Horses Were significant in traveling through land bridges Diseases When domesticated animals were brought over from Europe they came with diseases that the natives were not immune to, causing epidemics to spread across the land and result in killing millions LABOR SYSTEMS Castes systems and slaves Encomienda system Caste system Asiento system Another system Slavery Lowest of the caste levels; does all the work MIGRATION
This distressing epidemic is accountable for the demise of one to around two thousand inhabitants in the duration of less than one year. An atmosphere of camaraderie now flowed through the land of Wendake, linking the Wendat, as well as the French as they functioned jointly to fight this infection. It is particularly intriguing to observe the Wendat people start to recognize the healing applications of Brébeuf, principally in the parts of bloodletting (Arsić 56). The coming of Tonnerwanont altered everything. He placed blameworthiness for the infection on the Black Robes, in addition to going as far as to assert that Jesuits were intoxicating the Wendat whose wellbeing was improving.
Mengele and his team performed other experiments on the twins. In one experiment, to investigate the effects of various poisons upon human beings. The poison were secretly put into the subjects food and they died in result of the poison. Most were immediately killed and then they were able to perform autopsies on the subject. Another experiment involved malaria injections.
Since the ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early english settlers arrived in the americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variolation, (that came from asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a english paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was instrumental in the fall of the empires of the Aztecs and the Incas.
Edward Jenner was a country doctor living in England in the last 1700s. Jenner used his knowledge of observation to develop the first smallpox vaccine through rudimentary testing of cowpox lesions on the hands of milkmaids. Realizing that milkmaids afflicted with cowpox had a natural immunity to smallpox, Jenner experimented with the transfer of cowpox pus to a healthy child through inoculation. Subsequent smallpox variolation to these test subject resulted in an immunity to smallpox. Thus, the first successful clinical vaccine trial alternative to variolation was published.
The American-French Doctors in Philadelphia, 1793, tried to treat yellow fever. Foreign ships brought the deadly infected mosquitoes to America. People got this disease by blood to blood contact, which is when an infected mosquito bites someone, and then bites another. Now, because of this blood to blood contact, over 4000 people died. So now, let 's get to the facts.
The experiments performed by German physicians during World War II were torturous, unethical, and unreasonable when considering better ways in which the research could have been conducted. Experiments were performed on non-consenting camp prisoners by physicians attempting to improve soldier survival rates and further knowledge in lesser-explored medical fields (Coleman et al. 16). Experimentation to find a cure for Malaria was performed from February 1942 to April 1945, during which time prisoners were infected with malaria and treated with different drugs in order to find the best cure. Coleman notes, “Over 1,000 involuntary subjects were used in these experiments.
The story goes on, how the white European settlers and religious missionaries were going to Africa to help with the AIDS epidemic. These white people were Pentecostal and spoke in strange tongues. The white people were on religious missions and often taking the Africans blood and spreading even more viral epidemics in Africa. The people of Malawi believed that these foreigners were actually harvesting their blood and were not able to survive in Africa without the blood of the people. In the article “When the Vampires Come for You: A True Story of Ordinary Horror” Adam Ashforth examines historical documents stating “Rumors of bloodsucking that periodically swept through east and south- central Africa, from the teens through the 1950s of the last century.