Under Hammurabi the Babylonians had a set of laws, and the Egyptians excelled at writing. In the Middle Kingdom, gods were believed to care for all of its people and not just the Divine Monarch (Wallech, 2013, p. 60). The rulers cared for the kingdom 's people which showed a sharp change in attitudes toward people. No longer was the ruler placed on a pedestal and treated like untouchable royalty. Treating citizens as a part of society assisted Egypt in growing and becoming successful in trade, writing and protecting itself.
It was used to keep track of business dealings because they traded with far way civilizations. They also used it to write down new ideas/ inventions and keep records. Hieroglyphics was another form of writing used by Egyptians, made my Egyptians. This system of writing, however, could also stand for sounds, unlike cuneiform. It was written on papyrus, the first paper developed by Egyptians which made it easier to keep records.
This means that the Mayan civilization was also very advanced. (Doc B) This genius thinking behind these buildings is what made the Mayans great. It is hard to imagine an average person today thinking outside of the box to create masterpieces like the Mayan buildings. The Mayan buildings still affect us today. In fact, some of the Mayan temples are still visited
Slaves aren’t the ones that build the Great Pyramid at Giza. There are some evidences that proves this idea. Zahi Hawass, an Egyptian archeologist, spent decades excavating and analyzing areas around the pyramids. He “....said that discovery and the latest finds last week show that the workers were paid laborers, rather than the slaves of popular imagination...the builders came from poor Egyptian families from the north and the south, and were respected for their work-so much so that those who died during the construction were bestowed the honor of being buried in the tombs near the sacred pyramids of their pharaohs...No way would they have been buried so honorably if they were slaves.” In this case, if it were the slaves that built the Great Pyramid at Giza, they wouldn't have been be secured respectively and buried so honorably as they were that time. They won't not even have been out of harm’s way.
There are many items related to Hatshepsut are represented in Metropolitan Museum of Art: Hatshepsut in a Devotional Attitude, Large Kneeling Statue of Hatshepsut and others, but Sphinx of Hatshepsut has special mystery and meaning for me. Head of King Amenmesse Continuing my journey through the Egyptian department, I found that my attention was taken by Head of King Amenmesse. It is only part of the full statue with missing piece of left ear and headdress, but even this is enough to be attracted by ideal work of sculptor. Absolutely natural facial lines give a sense of presence. I didn’t know details about history of king’s life, but King Amenmesse’s statue has mystery and cunning smile.
Specialized labor became prominent in Egypt. Egypt was economically productive due to prosperity and geographic location. Though the people of the Nile River valley relied heavily on trade due to the few resources that the people had access to. In the Yellow river valley there was no need to create complex irrigation due to the constant flooding. Like the Nile, the Yangzi River needed complex irrigation systems to accommodate to the crops .
La Venta initiates this long American tradition too. One of its pyramids is more than 30 metres high. The Olmec temple complexes set the pattern for societies in America over the next 2000 years. The pyramids, with their temples and palaces, dominate the surrounding dwellings as powerfully as the priestly rulers and their rituals dominate the local community. The Zapotecs are among the first people to develop the Olmec culture in other regions.
Mankind has seen the rise and fall of many prominent civilizations throughout human history, but the most influential civilization to all of human history were the Ancient Egyptians. The civilization of Ancient Egypt thrived throughout the Nile River from 3300 BC to around 300 B.C. when Alexander the Great conquered it. Throughout these 3000 years, the Ancient Egyptians contributed various inventions and knowledge that is still used today. Ancient Egyptians contributed mathematics, astronomy, medicine, astronomy, and the invention of various inventions that are seen in our everyday lives.
Emery at Saqqara north during his excavations there between 1935 -1956 (Edwards 21). While Emery initially believed these early mastabas belonged to the kings of the First Dynasty, more recent work at the site has resulted in their reattribution to high officials. Regardless of their ownership, the mastaba previously believed to belong to King Hor-Aha serves as an excellent example of the evolutionary progress made between more recent predynastic burial pits and the early pyramids. Excepting the brick superstructure which housed 27 cells for storage of funerary goods (Edwards 21), the tomb is simply an enlarged version of the later predynastic burial pits.
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.