Charles I son of James VI of Scotland tries to enforce the Divine Right of Kings but faces opposition from Parliament this begins the English Civil war. Charles I then makes several mistakes including marrying Henrietta of France, who was a Catholic yet England was Protestant. All mistakes have consequences and King Charles first consequence was a strained and wounded marriage to his wife Henrietta. Charles often got into trouble, and one of the times was when he tried to impose a new prayer book in Scotland. This angered the Scots and they went to War against England.
After the instability under the king and his unsuccessful attempt to recover control through Prime de Rivera, the setup of the new liberal government seemed necessary. While for most of the rich Spanish society the new government was a threat to their wealth, power and culture, for most of Spain, the working class, the new government promised a bright and prosper future in which privileges in society would be levelled and the social hierarchy ended. Azaña´s government promised lots of reforms but was weak in action. When Azaña´s government finally took power it tried to attack those it deemed as having too many privileges in society. He took off power from the church, reduced the influence of the army, gave Catalonia its own parliament, and applied reforms in the education.
The plans was backed by Pope Sixtus V, who thought of the plot as a crusade, and would pay the Spanish crown generously for their triumph. Unfortunately for Spain, however, Elizabeth, although not having any great military triumphs, had made naval strength her utmost importance. She openly supported her “Sea-Dogs,” a group of privateers who often raided Spanish ships, and would support new naval tactics that would transform naval warfare as had been known. The modernization of the English navy under Elizabeth, as well as difficulties and over-complexities within the Spanish Armada itself would make way for the English defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 and mark a highpoint in Elizabeth’s
In 1763, Britain took some of Spain’s land despite having just helped them. King Louis XV tried to give his land away to his cousin because he thought that the land wasn’t rich enough. Many Native Americans such as the Sioux lived in the region. King Louis gladly gave the land to Spain because of how expensive it was. The British wanted to defeat Spain so badly that they had the Native Americans attack them.
Even though several French nobles passed their humble abodes down to their daughters, they could even imagine giving the French monarchy down to an Englishman, basically creating a superpower of the Middle Ages. The second cause is King Edward of England, or a vassal to the King of France, not wanting to be a vassal of France. King Edward wanted the crown of France so he declared war on France. The third cause of the Hundred Years War was chivalry, and the need to fight. These causes, create a world where there is so much political instability, that the English and French monarchies can never stop fighting.
In 1215 there was a lot of civil unrest as a result of King John’s abuse of power. A group of barons drafted the Articles of the Barons, which became the first version of the Magna Carta. Fearing that this rebellion would escalate into a full scale civil war and endanger his throne, King John signed the document, making it Europe’s first written constitution. While it was initially was meant to protect the interests of the noblemen, in time, the rights established by the Magna Carta were also extended to the commoners. King John had an unstable relationship with the Pope, but was able to reconcile with him some time before his death.
British armies but with a sense of discomfort and distrust (“Unit III” 12). The casualties of war severely affected the American civil morale (“Unit III” 13). 5.1 The implications of the financial acts forced upon the colonies by the crown The implications of the financial acts among the colonies of the crown were a series of rebellion and the growing sentiments to gain liberty (“Unit III” 10). 5.2 The violent and nonviolent reactions to the crown’s authority on the brink of war The rallies of the American Patriots were a successful rebellion that led to the end of the European colonial invasion. Nevertheless, the success of a republic needed more efforts and support, along with leadership and social order.
Cromwell's time as Lord Protector changed how the Crown and Parliament interacted and worked with each other. His army laid the foundation for the Army's in England that came after. And he changed the landscape of religion in the isles, strengthening the Protestant majority and tearing down the Irish Catholics. His crusade against Charles the I and subsequent reign inspired the American colonists to go against military dictators. Though his time as a leader is remembered both negatively and positively his influence cannot be
In response Fredrick, gathered armies from German state that were loyal to the Holy Roman Empire and crush the revolt of the Protestants, after which the Danish King Christian IV entered the war. Denmark’s protestant king, saw Ferdinand as a threat to Protestants everywhere not just in Bohemia, so together with the support of Protestant German States, and being backed financially by France, Denmark struck back but in the end the catholic backed Hapsburg became the victors. The next Country to enter the war on the Protestant side was Sweden. The Swedish entered the war out of fear who the Hapsburg may attack next. The Swedes were supported by the remaining Protestant German States and financially by the French.
As conflicts between the catholics and the protestants became more violent, it affected the English economy. In Europe, England was known for their production of woolen cloth, and they had been successful in establishing trade companies in other Europeans countries. But, because of the increasing unemployment caused by severe religious conflicts in England, the English slowly began to look for opportunities in the Americas. Even though England was inexperienced with overseas trading, or heard that there were hostile Indians, they were still hopeful in establishing an overseas trade like the