We should celebrate the voyages of Zheng He because he overcame great odds in childhood, castrated by the Ming Dynasty, he traveled over 100,000 miles with very little technology, he managed a total of 37,500 men, managed a four hundred feet boat, he was a great leader to his soldiers, and created cultural diffusion in China. Zheng He overcame great odds in childhood was by in 1381, a ten year old boy named Ma He from Yunan Province in southern China watched his father died at the hands of the Ming Dynasty, and he was also taken into prisoner to serve the Emperor’s son, Prince Zhu Di. However before serving the emperor’s son was by being castrated and to join (forced) the thousands of eunuchs. Zheng He served the prince well and rose in the ranks of the
Qin Shi Huang-Di has left a large impact on China, and by extension the world, that has lasted many years. Qin created the foundation of the Chinese country of today. Some scholars even believe that without Qin Shi Huang-Di, there would be no China at all (Gracie). Qin’s impact on the world was the creation of an entire country, a pretty impressive feat. Especially in his time, when nothing like China had ever been created before, his unification and reformation of China into a lasting country is inspiring. Qin is sometimes credited “with establishing the world’s first truly centralized bureaucratic empire” (Gracie). Furthermore, his format of a centralized bureaucratic empire would be the basis for many other empires and countries that would
One of the difference between the Qin and the Han dynasty is that Qin dynasty practiced Legalism and the Han dynasty practiced Confucianism. For the Han dynasty, in Document 3, states that they had a exam system of giving opportunities for everyone across the dynasty who has outstanding moral and learning to have a chance to have a role in the government, which shows that the Han dynasty emperor gave more opportunities to the commoners. For the Qin in Document 2, says that the people follow the rules, and there are no trouble because the people understand what happens when they do not follow the rules, which leads to punishments. Which shows that the Qin dynasty had strict rules for people to just obey for the government and have no say. Taking
ruled with autocracy which is where the government has unlimited power and runs their dynasty similar to a tyrant. When Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall of China, he forced laborers to work on the wall or die. The Qin dynasty was not afraid of cruelty and Confucian scholars were given no mercy. Because the Qin were legalists, any citizen who broke the law was executed. The emperor was hated for burning books and for forcing citizens to work on the wall. Shi Huangdi helped China centralize which unified them at the cost of human freedom.
First, the Qin and Han Dynasties believed in a strong centralized government. The implementation of a strong centralized government led to the success and growth of their dynasties. The centralized government creates a pyramid of power and influence, with the main leader, the emperor, on top. This
During the rule of Qin Shi Huangdi during the Qin dynasty, China’s government was based upon the philosophies of legalism. Legalists believed that all people were created amoral, and morality could only come from harsh punishments in society. As punishments, hundreds of thousands of peasants were forced into slave labor. Due to the extreme conditions, many slave laborers died from malnutrition and exhaustion. Today, China is still one of the most frequent instigators of human rights violations, which can be described as the deprivation of the most basic rights that all people are entitled to on birth. Those who are deemed “enemies of the state” can have their families tortured by the government without recourse, and activists can often be attacked
This kept the people of China from ever considering to standing up to their ruler. Whereas the people of India were able to live more lenient lives. Until the death of the ruler Qin it remained this way. The next dynasty was The Glorious Han Dynasty. The ruler of this dynasty was of peasant origin and was not as harsh as his predecessor. The ruler Han Gaozu changed many laws and polices and “promoted the welfare of its subjects”(p.81) unlike the ruler Qin. After the Han Dynasty there was not another great dynasty four hundred years later after the fall of the Han
He rebuilt the defensive walls which today are known as the great wall of china. -(“Qin Shi Huang-Di”)
Although Qin Shi Huang-Di is sometimes seen as a fantastic leader and unifier, he was also paranoid, oppressive, and tyrannical. For example, he was constantly worried about people who opposed him and about keeping control of his country. When Confucian scholars talked behind his back or criticized him because his administration was built on Legalism, he decided to get rid of them and ordered the arrest and execution of over 400 scholars (Gracie). This dislike of opposition and debate has carried over to the communist party of China today, showing just how much of Qin’s legacy has lasted. Along with the arrest of the scholars, he also used other means to end intellectual opposition. In 213 BCE, he ordered that all books be burned, except for
The government became a bureaucracy he strengthen the military, and made giant technological advances. Qin developed legalism forcing his power of the government on people, only forcing his power that enabled him to build his tomb. If his people did not follow these rules they would have been severely punished. Like other second wave civilizations China absorbed the religion of
Christopher Columbus determination to find a water route west from Europe to Asia influenced the Age of Exploration greatly. Especially King Henry VII who was eager to increase wealth for Europe.
Confucius original name is Kong Qiu and is also known by his honorific name Kong Fu Zi. He lived during the end of Spring and Autumn Period (770BC – 476 BC) and beginning of the Warring State Period (471BC - 221BC). Confucius was one of the few men who have deeply influenced human history by the force of their personal and intellectual gifts and achievements . He believed strongly in filial piety, loyalty and benevolence. His belief and philosophy is known as ‘Confucianism’ but it has always been disputable whether or not is it an established religion. However, his set of tradition that began in China
Qin Shi Huang did many things to organise his new empire. He wanted it to run smoothly for many many years. He confirmed many improvements is different areas as follows.
King Zheng of Qin claimed the mandate of heaven and controlled center state more than the Zhou dynasty. Zheng took the title Shi Huangdi as the first August Emperor. Dividing China into thirty-six provinces then, counties. Each county had a civilian and military governor, answering to an inspector general. And, regional and local officials answered to the emperor. Civilian governors rotated from their position to not allow independent power to over grow. But, the Qin dynasty fell quickly in 207 BCE from, a civil war erupting. Allowing, Liu Bang, declaring himself the prince of his home region in Han, in 202 BCE declared himself the first Han emperor. Han Empire was distinguished between the imperial family and the new elite. Economic, social support, strong military and bureaucratic administration contributed to the strength of the Han Empire. For example, Liu Bang provided land grants to his military supporters and relatives who had helped to overthrow the Qin dynasty. ( IN TEXT CITATION 2) With, both empires developing similar aspects of a bureaucracy ensuring power. Both, differ because the Han dynasty developed its bureaucracy from the confucian ideas and education. While, the Roman empire was founded on Roman law. Confucianism as a state of orthodoxy, it shared a similar interest between the government and local elites. Unlike, the Roman elite dominating society with
For one thing, Qin Shihuangdi was selfish. Qin Shihuangdi made himself emperor and ruled his empire with ferocious efficiency. Qin Shihuangdi had the Great Wall built for thirty years causing countless thousands to lose their lives.