European nations scrambled to take control of Africa due to the opportunity of exploiting resources and colonization. European imperialism was in Africa partly present because of the rivalry for power between Britain, France, and Germany. These countries were each trying to increase their status by accumulating countries located elsewhere on the continent. European countries entered Africa to claim territories, since owning multiple territories with colonies showed their power. Britain.
Many people think that this is due to all the natural resources such a rubber,cotton,iron, and coppor found in Africa. The natural resources that were found by the Europeans were able to be sold and made a profit of. Africa had many factors that led to the Europeans imperialism, cultural benefits, greater political security, and economics. Economic factors was a driving force behind imperialism because the imperialists were in need for natural resources to improve their technology and their national pride. Another factor for imperialism was political competition.
Despite the fact that the belief that one country was superior in comparison to another was present in both situations of European Imperialism, in Africa, the European countries were the ones that believed they were superior and as a result of their belief, they justified their other reasonings for imperialism. These European countries believed that because they were superior, they needed to maintain and increase their power by colonizing other countries. In contrast to European Imperialism in Africa, in China, the Chinese were the ones that believed that they were superior. As a result, when Britain proposed the idea of trade to China, the Chinese refused. The Qianlong Emperor sent a letter to King George III stating, “I set no value on objects strange or ingenious, and have no use for your country’s manufactures” (The Qianlong Emperor 1793).
Thoe Europe was imperialising africa so was Germany, Portugal, France, Britain, and other countries. The rise of the industry during the Industrial Revolution contributed to imperialism by giving Europe more reasons to invent and control other nations. Europe used imperialism to be the stronger nation and wealthier nation. Europe was taking over Africa for political reasons. The reasons for political was that if you have more land then you 'll have more men for battle and more power.
However Booker T. Washington believed in having a more skillful education, consisting of learning how to trade, mastering agriculture skills and more things one would need to get a job. However, W.E.B DuBois also put many efforts to achieve equal rights towards African Americans which Booker T Washington put on hold. Booker T Washington’s plan was to make it so that “Blacks would [have to] accept segregation and discrimination but their eventual acquisition of wealth and culture would gradually win for them the respect and acceptance of whites”. This vision that Booker T Washington had “practically accepts the alleged inferiority of the Negro race”. W.E.B commented on this process saying it was an attempt, “to educate black boys and girls simply as servants and underlings.” The fact that Booker T Washington did not address to African Americans civil rights, is really important because it demonstrates that W.E.B DuBois did more than Booker T Washington.
This treatment of other living beings assured the mindset of the Europeans that this type of discrimination and abuse is justified because the Natives were not really people but tools or labor to be used by Europeans. As the importation of African Americans into the Caribbean for sugar plantations and then into North America, specifically the English colonies became more common, slavery became more and more popular, with few people seeing the complete lack of morality there was. The Europeans did not expect when arriving first in America that they would eventually lead to slavery that would only be abolished in
Imperialism had existed since the beginning of time but exploded again in the late 19th century. Countries sought to acquire and conquer new territory and outcompete their enemies. Imperialistic strategies involved asserting dominance over conquered areas .Successful imperialism was one where the conqueror could feed off the economy, industry, and labor of its conquest, while barely having to waist its own energy and resources. The rise of imperialism was set off by the “European scramble for African colonies,” where this intensified competitions between European nations and instilled fear in others who were behind. (647) We can see the changes in the European nations that occupied Africa and how it might have posed a threat.
Under European control, new schools were formed, a new government was introduced, more jobs were created, and slavery was abolished. Now, this may seem all positive, but colonialism did result in some negative change because Africans were forced to pay taxes, give up land, and convert to a new religion. Although European assistance was needed in Kenya, all the changes affected the citizens. Colonialism is important in history because it can benefit a country, but it can also tear one apart. In the end, European colonialism hugely affected Kenya through social, political, education, and religious
King Leopold claimed his interest in the Congo was motivated by the desire to extend the benefits of European civilization to Africa. This ideology is referred to as the civilizing mission- the belief that it is Europeans duty and responsibility to bring forth civilization to non-European nations. Leopold hoped to achieve this by establishing trade relations for which the people of the Congo and Belgium could benefit. For his humanitarian efforts, he received support from other European nations as this justification was integral to European imperialism. The ideology of the civilized mission can be seen in a letter from King Leopold in which it states, “The aim is to regenerate races whose degradation and misfortune is hard to realize.
These social situations are symptoms of westernization which the Christian Missionaries and their cohorts dragged along with them to the colonies. It is arguable to ignore this opinion of Batten (1954) since it was made at the heat of colonialism but Ferreira (1974) while arguing that colonial education was not intended to really 'educate' the 'natives' by stating that Educational control had a twofold purpose: first, to direct education in such a way that Africans become 'true Portuguese' and so accept Portuguese rule; secondly, to use education to produce good agricultural workers and craftsmen who would usefully serve the colonial economy (67) Some of the social situation (ills) which Batten (1954) wanted to exonerate ‘mission education’ were according to Ola