Panicked,European empires,like Spain and Portugal started financing trips,specifically to India where they had the largest diversity of food,animals and spices known at that time. Once a certain fellow named Christopher Columbus found Hispaniola (modern day Cuba),every European empire reaped the monumental economic benefits that was provided by the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange promoted trade,specifically the trade of agricultural commodities. It integrated many parts of the world,supplying items to nations that needed goods,and sold items on the marketplace when there was a strong demand.The Dutch were a prime example of nations that benefited from trade,as they assumed control of international trade.In the 50 year period in ,Dutch Conglomerate, Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie(The Dutch East India Company)held an iron hand on trade,and the people of the Netherlands benefited immensely.Trade led to economic prosperity for many Dutch citizens,and fueled economic activity in the empire,leading the Dutch empire to be able to be as powerful as their rival,the British Empire.The Dutch is just a singular example of how trade strengthened many European empires as they profited off trade,helped stimulate economic activity in empires that needed it and help create high-paying jobs for the citizens that resided in Europe. Agriculture was another economic sector that benefited from the Columbian Exchange ,as the influx of newly discovered agricultural items flooded the marketplace,leaving farmers very wealthy.
Imperialism is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over a weaker nation. New imperialism was motivated by the second Industrial Revolution and by the competition in Europe, as many nations wanted to be viewed as powerful. New imperialism focused on trade in Africa and Asia. Europe had economic interest and needed raw materials for factories. This lead to the Europeans to force colonies to send all their raw materials back to them.
The most devastating example of this was the way that Cholera was brought back to Britain from the Indian sub-continent with devastating results. The imperialists also had a habit of moving slaves and laborers around the world to tend the new plantations and factories. This would increase the danger of introducing disease to populations that had no natural resistance against
Chaos probably ran rampant among Indian villages as many of its inhabitants suffered from disease. Native American society was probably more tranquil before it suffered from disease. A specific example of how disease impacted society can be seen when it killed over half of the Inca population and killed their dictator, Huayna Capac. This caused a war of succession to start and allowed for Pizarro and his small group of soldiers to to defeat the Inca. Spanish forces were able to capture the Inca capital of Cuzco which pretty much symbolized the defeat of a civilization that had around one hundred years of history.
From that point on, the Portuguese ruled over this land, focusing greatly on its vast sugar-cane plantations. In order to keep up with the labor, plantation owners began importing slaves from Africa, which later led to a great mix in the country’s race and ethnicity. Once these sugar plantations began to harvest a successful profit, other European countries, like France and Spain, began to gain more and more interest in the land. This interest led to a great increase in wealth and immigration towards Brazil. These rival colonial
The image above shows a native infected with small pox and this illustrates exactly what was described in the passage. This is clear evidence that the disease was wrecking havoc before the conquistadors and the Conquistadors were unknowingly capitalizing on the destruction that it brought. Diseases considerably decimated native populations aiding the Conquistador’s
From 1850 to 1914, industrialized European nations used imperialism to seize colonies, dominate the local governments and economies in Africa and Asia. Their motives were both economical and ideological. In Asia, India was dubbed as the “ Jewel of the Crown”, due to the of the amount of wealth Britain obtained from this region. British East India Company established trading rights during the Mughal empire between Britain and India in the 1600s. The company controlled India without much interference from Britain.
Slaves were not only used for agricultural purposes, but also domestic purposes. The demand for sugar would lead to the formation of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Sugar was a major crop grown mainly on the eastern Atlantic regions. The Portuguese were the first people who had an outlasting effect on the Atlantic Slave Trade. Portuguese were using native slaves in Brazil, but the native slaves were dying in large masses.
•Parliament issued the first internal tax imposed directly on American colonists by the british government. It levied a tax on all printed paper in the colonies. Britain thought that it was a ongoing tax, that would be spread throughout the colonies. Colonist disagreed and it arose one of the most powerful demographic groups to oppose Britain.Colonists burned the Chancellor of the Exchequer and promised to hang him if he ever visited the colonies again. The Sons of Liberty club sprang up to oppose the tax, so they burned the stamps and drove out all the stamp collectors.
The British people possessed many ambitious motives for their long journey to inhabit the new world, such as trade. The British men gathered full control of the trading center present in the Americas, and created the Navigation Acts to help aid them in their tactics to take control over all trade within the Americas. The Navigation Acts were passed under a mercantilist system, and was used to regulate trade in a way that only benefitted the British economy. These acts restricted trade between England and its colonies to English or colonial ships, required certain colonial goods to pass through England before export, provided subsidies for the production of certain raw goods in the colonies, and banned colonial competition in large-scale manufacturing. This lowered the competition in the trading world for the British and caused the British to have a major surge in power, that greatly attributed to the growth of their rising empire.
Cronon’s final conclusion and overarching theme in Changes in the Land was that the ecological alterations made between the 1600’s and 1800’s were directly related to European settlement. I agree with the conclusion made by Cronon because Cronon conveys through his book that the European colonists were greatly motivated by money and used the land as if there was a “limitless availability” (Cronon 169). The land in New England in the eyes of the colonists was simply “a form of capital” (Cronon 169), a way to make a profit leading them to overuse the resources, greatly altering the ecology and depleting resources. The majority of the information in Changes in the Land, and our textbook, Experiencing History: Interpreting America’s Past are equivalent, but it is rather evident that the information is conveyed through different lenses. The lens of Changes in the Land focuses on the Indians and how “their ability to move about the landscape” (Cronon 159), had been “severely constrained” by the actions of the Europeans, and how their life was affected by the settlement.
Explain how the South Atlantic System developed and its impact on England, Africa and the colonies (91-94) Surge of commerce and agriculture products for international trading demanded for more slaves Sugar rapidly advanced the economy of colonies with the development of profitable vast sugarcane plantation This lead to the increased need for labor: slave trade England acquired great wealth from slave trade and their exports of tobacco and sugar with the aid of the Navigation Acts Colonies with adept climate flourished with slave and agriculture Africa supplied most of the slaves in which ⅔ are men causing gender disproportion and polygamy African leaders seized people and sold them as slaves for weaponry Caused inhumanity and brutality to
The European conquest on the peoples had a great impact on the ecologies of the Americas, both positive and negative. In the beginning, for example when Francisco Pizarro began his conquest of the most powerful state in the New World, the Incan Empire, he brought many new things. He brought the knowledge of utilization of domestic animals, such as cattle and horses, to be beneficial to the whole society. The knowledge of using their muscle to capitalize on productivity of farmland, something that the Incas never had. James Diamond supports this by showing the great geographical advantages that the Europeans, especially the Spanish, had to their Incan counterparts.