European societies, like Spain, made technological advancements and started to improve long-distance travel, which resulted in a broadening of influence. Diamond explains these aspects that led to conquest and victory for the Spanish - guns, germs and steel. The difference between Eurasian and societies in the Americas, Africa, and Australia regions is that these places lacked suitable domesticated species, faced many geological barriers, and remained isolated to their lifestyle never significantly expanding nomadically or regionally. This made them more vulnerable to diseases. Diseases was the biggest factor that wiped out the indigenous societies in Inca.
The Aztec was a civilization advanced in science and mathematics. At the pinnacle of the Aztecs’s existence in 1345-1521 led by Montezuma ll, the civilization conquered over a significant amount of land, expanded their territory and occupied all tribes in their conquests. When Europeans arrived in North America, they brought pathogens, that natives were not immune to. The Spanish arrival was significant because they intended to change the Aztec religion into Christianity and acquire all goods in the Aztec society. An epidemic disease ‘cocoliztli’ (smallpox), brought by the intrepid Spaniard conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes brutally decimated the civilization of the Aztecs.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
This was accomplished through the Columbian Exchange, which is the network of migration and trade within the Atlantic Ocean. Next, European empires in the Americas as well as Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman empires are different in their development because Europe had a greater impact on the native peoples that they integrated into their growing empires. When the Europeans arrived in the Americas, they brought a very tiny weapon with them. They brought disease. Small pox, measles, and malaria and just a few of the old world diseases that devastated native populations.
In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s America started expanding abroad to try and enlarge our borders. However this expansion ended up creating more problems for the US. In the end America lost more than they gained all due to American imperialism. Imperialism is when a bigger nation takes over a smaller or weaker nation. When America did this they thought it would make them stronger but it ended up making then weaker and causing them to lose the allies they once had before they imperialized the smaller nations that once trusted them.
The European conquerors had built up an immunity to certain diseases that were common in Europe. Some of the diseases that decimated the Indian population included the following: smallpox, measles, influenza, typhus, and the bubonic plague. Centuries of living near livestock had basically inoculated the European settlers against these diseases. However the Indians were not used to such diseases, resulting in a dramatic decline in the Native American population. According to Diamond, smallpox was a major role in the domination of the Americas by the Europeans.
Economic Effects of the Columbian Exchange Inflation of cash-crops, slavery and silver resulting from the Columbian Exchange caused a drastic effect on the global economy. Cash-crops forged new trade routes across continents, slavery supported New World exports, and silver caused power shifts in the world 's distribution of wealth. As Spanish expeditions to the New World increased in size and purpose, the economic effects on the rest of the world spread with equal vigor. The triangular trade circulated commodities between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. From Europe some commodities were distributed throughout Asia.
Sandalwood from Hawaii could then be sold to China and all of the profit would go to America, therefore increasing its economy. Hawaii also had sugar to offer. The sugar industry was big and brought in a lot of money, America saw this as an opportunity to obviously increase the economy. Of course,
The arrival of the Spanish was enough to overtake them. Although the Spanish had a natural immunity to some European diseases, the Aztec did not. After the Spanish had left, 90% of the Aztec were killed by a ravaging epidemic of smallpox; one of the numerous diseases the Spaniards carried. Other sources also claim diseases were caused by climate and carried by rats. While being affected by the diseases, the Aztec were not in ideal condition to tend to each other, much less fighting a bloody war.
They were able to trade with basically whoever they wanted to, participating lucratively in the Triangular Trade. With this, many merchants lined the coast of the Americas, patiently awaiting the incoming slaves from Africa or the goods from England, while greedily exporting their tobacco. Many established a life off of this competitive economic system, trying to soak up the finite wealth of the world. After the French and Indian War, which was a war fought for control of more land against the French, the English realized that they needed to tighten their strings in
America had a rapid urbanization which was results of the rapid industrialism. We had vast amount of industries and had the need for more resources. To gain more profit, we needed to look outside our country for business. We needed resources from other land to continue our growth. One country we invested for resources was Cuba.
Both of these contributed to a more global commerce since new crops could now be introduced to the Old World and silver was highly valued all over the world. The European settlers were aware of the aforementioned facts and took advantage of the rich lands that could be found in the Americas. They farmed extensively, and the Native American techniques for harvesting in difficult land helped them. Furthermore, knowing that South America had rich silver deposits, the mined for the valuable material to export it for profit. This remained mostly unchanged during this time since Europeans had no need to look for other sources of profit.
America’s discovery and the formation of Triangular Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas drove many new advancements in technology and economics. For example, inflation caused the capitalism’s popularity to rise, new goods were discovered, and European empires thrived. As the Europeans discovered, the Americas contained many resources such as silver, gold, spices, and other valuable goods that were sold to make a surplus of profit. Later on, such resources were farmed using African American slave labor. Quote A exemplifies the benefits for many upper class Europeans and American slave owners.
Technology was a massive impact on European imperialism because unlike the Africans who had bows and spears. The Europeans have already developed the first machine gun. The mechanism of the Maxim gun employed one of the earliest recoil operated firing systems in history. The electric telegraph was also a big factor to European