The reconquest was a battle of the series between Christians and Moors for control of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain won with the powerful monarchs. Together Spain were united under a single government in 1478 through the creation of the Spanish Inquisition. This would convert to Catholicism Jews and Muslims or people of these religions would be forced to leave Spain. In 1492, 160,000 Jews left Spain and four years later followed the Muslims Jews.
Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, began imperialism for Spain. He discovered a new world for Spain, and therefore he opened a door for close to three hundred and fifty years of imperialism. The reign of Spanish Imperialism began with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella funding Columbus’s trip to Asia. The point of the voyage was to find an all-water route to Asia, which held many treasures such as spices and gold. Instead, he found a whole new world, Guanahani, known today as San Salvador.
Portugal and Spain even presumed to divide the world in two by seeking the Pope's blessing on the Treaty of Tordesillas, which drew a line through north and south through the Atlantic, giving Portugal the lands east and Spain the lands west. Portugal actually lost in the long run because the lands that they "received" were already claimed by empires that did not recognize the Portuguese claims. The French and English did not arrive in the Americas until the 17th century, but when they did, they claimed much of North America in areas that the Spanish did not go. The trade routes that appeared during this era in the Atlantic Ocean were collectively known as the Great Circuit. The routes connected four continents: North America, South America, Europe, and Africa, and they linked directly to the old water trade routes established in previous eras.
She was originally removed from the throne due to her religion but gained it back with her large group of supporters. Her father didn’t agree with the Catholic Church resulting in the protestant Church of England. Mary’s cousin Lady Jane succeeded Mary’s brother King Henry VI after his death in 1558 when he was just fifteen years old. He appointed Lady Jane because she was a protestant like himself. Edward tried to keep the crown from Mary because he knew she would try to change England back to Catholicism.
These neighboring countries took the peninsula from the Muslims in 1250, turning it Christian. They left one kingdom to remain Muslim and that was Granada. In 1480, the Catholic Monarchs prolonged Catholicism in their kingdoms with the Spanish Inquisition. After both the Reconquista and the Inquisition, Catholicism spread throughout Spanish politics and culture, making it the most widespread religion in Spain with seventy to seventy-five percent of the population following it. Catholicism then spread to other Hispanic countries when conquistadors sailed the ocean to colonize and made the people who were already living there convert to Catholicism or else they would be killed.
160,000 leave Spain. This then happens to the Spanish Muslims and Spain goes from one of the most tollerant contries to one of the most intolerant. With the expulsion of the Jews it completed Reconquista and has at last brought an end to Granada. Ferdinand and Isabella were given the title “The Catholic Monarchs” by the Pope in recognition of their role in “purifying” the faith.
Columbus comes across as deeply religious, strategic, and politically ambitious. Firstly, Columbus comes across as deeply religious based on the way he acknowledges God for bestowing on him myriad journey mercies that led to a successful voyage. Additionally, since he knew Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand II had strong ties with the Catholic Church, Columbus tactfully introduced the idea that the numerous native peoples he had found constituted a prime ground for Christian conversion and expanding the monarchy’s political jurisdiction. Secondly, Columbus is highly strategic, starting with the way he throws in political and religious ideas to the Spanish rulers, trying to demonstrate that the Indies were ready for conquering by Europeans.
As stated in an article called Spanish Colonization Introduction it states "and Spain used the wealth of the Americas to finance nearly endless warfare in Europe, protecting the Americas with a vast navy and powerful army and bringing Catholicism to the New World" which means they were using the money they were making from the America's for their own uses.
Columbian Exchange Notes Funded by the Spanish, an explorer named Christopher Columbus set sail westwards in 1492 in search of a faster trading route to the Asias, but instead what Columbus found was a land separated from Europe for millions of years, North America. Columbus’s discovery of North America had many profound effects on the world, one of the greatest being the founding of the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange was a form of commerce between North America and Western Europe. The establishment of Columbian Exchange held both positive and negative repercussions, one positive repercussions being agricultural growth due to all the newly discovered crops and flora and one negative repercussion being the introduction of European diseases to the New world that resulted in the death of approximately70 million North American natives. After news of Columbus's discovery spread to the rest of Europe, many explorer sailed to North
Although Columbus’s perspective is a positive one, converting the natives is considered mistreatment because of the fact that they were converted by force. These poor people had to work the land in exchange for their original religion to be ripped from them. Bartolome de las Casas also brings up that the evil
1. England came to settle in America due to financial reasons, for power, for land, and for religious freedom. Unlike England, Spain came to settle in America for the conversion of Catholicism, control of the native population and cultural assimilation. According to the book Of the People, Spain came to North America for the same reasons they explored in Mexico like gold and spread of religion, “In the southeast, the Spanish never found the great sought-after cities of gold resembling the Aztec capitals” (pg.23). Spain began its exploration in North America with Christopher Columbus.
Las Casas was finally convinced that all the actions of the Spanish in the New World had been illegal and that they constituted a great injustice. He made up his mind to give up his slaves and encomienda, and started to preach that other colonists should do the same. When his preaching met with resistance, he realized that he would have to go to Spain to fight there against the enslavement and abuse of the native people. Aided by Pedro de Córdoba and accompanied by Antonio de Montesinos, he left for Spain in September 1515, arriving in Seville in November same year.
According to Sir Edward Burnett Tylor , “Everything that is really Mexican is either Aztec or Spanish” . While Mexico boasts a rich and independent culture today, before 1810 it lived under the rule of the Spanish colonial authorities . Spain’s conquest and dominion over the American continents is just one example of the European race for an American empire. As Britain, France, Russia and the Dutch scrambled for territory and resources, a new age of ceaseless conflict and rapid expansion sparked across the world. The conquest of the American continents provided all new areas for dispute, the modernization of military and shipping technologies, rapid economic growth, and a renewed concept of the Holy Roman Empire, which heavily affected the ongoing conflicts between the European colonial powers.
Hernán de Pulgar, the Catholic monarch’s chronicler, wrote “Although they are monarchs, they are human beings”. Ferdinand and Isabella was very ambitious leaders who had many goals they wanted to achieve in their reign. Having recently gotten power by uniting their countries, they were still an unstable, and both external and internal threats were coming towards them. To strengthen their power, Isabella and Ferdinand expelled all Muslims and Jews from Spain, spreading Catholicism and getting the money that exiled people were forced to leave behind. Their Catholicism, ambition and the new idea of nationalism led them to create a completely unified Catholic Spain.