How Did Gregor Mendel Study Peas

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We can all agree upon the fact that Gregor Mendel is the “founder of modern genetics”. He got that nickname from an experiment about plant hybridization that he carried out in the 1860s involving 29,000 pea plants! He used peas since they had easily observable traits, 7 of which he could manipulate. In order to study the traits passed on, he planned to selectively cross pollinate the peas with one another. By doing that, he acquired 34 varieties of peas, from which he chose 22 that differed in size and color to conduct his experiments further. The 7 observable traits that Mendel used in his experiments were the flower color, the flower position, the stem length, the seed shape, the seed color, the pod shape and the pod color. A ratio of 3:1

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