Caesar was officially made dictator in 47 B.C. this position was usually temporary but he was later on made dictator for life in 44 B.C. Rome had its senate but the real power was with Caesar . Caesar did not want to become the king but the fear of the republicans led the senate to conspire against Caesar and a group of senators ended up killing him believing that the old republican system would return. In conclusion Julius Caesar’s military power affected Rome either positively or negatively from 60 B.C.
The leader I chose for my paper is Hannibal Barca, the General. Hannibal Barca was born in Carthage (present-day Tunisia) in approximately 247 B.C. He was the son of Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca (Barca meaning "thunderbolt"). After Carthage's defeat by the Romans in the First Punic War in 241 B.C, Hamilcar devoted himself to improving both his and Carthage's fortunes. Hannibal much later said that when he came upon his father and begged to go with him, Hamilcar agreed and demanded that he swear that as long as he lived he would never be a friend of Rome (“Biography”, n.d., p. 1).
“He wanted to surprise his enemies, so instead of attacking from the sea, he decided to sweep down from the north.” (Over the Alps with elephants, Rogers) He left from his base in Spain traveled through France and over the treacherous mountains of Italy. The army Hannibal led over the Alps consisted of almost 90 thousand soldiers and 37 African elephants. His choice to take on the seemingly insurmountable task of traveling over the Alps in late winter was only surpassed by his decision to make the trip with war elephants. But why would he take the war elephants? “He took them because elephants had a devastating effect upon horses who hated and feared their smell.
By 51 BCE Caesar had conquered 800 cities and subdued 300 tribes (Bishnoi.) By the end of Caesar’s leadership he had conquered a lot of people and places, which meant all that land belonged to the Roman Empire. All in all, Caesar may have been egotistical, but he was truly the greatest military leader in European history due to his astounding military IQ, the way he cared for and fought with his men, and how he expanded the Roman Empire to its great lengths that we know today. His success gained the Roman Empire its wealth, provided a stable economy so there could be specialization, which allowed them to invent things such as roads, highways, plumbing and sewage, concrete, and even the calender. Julius Caesar’s legacy lives on through these innovations that are used in everyday life to this
On the 2 December 1804 was Napoleon di Buonaparte coroneted emperor over the empires he had created from dust and blood, the empire that stretched from the beaches of Corsica to the dunes of the Netherlands. Why did he create this huge empire and what was his goals and destiny that he had planned for it? Napoleon had a dream that he needed to fulfil. He wanted to build an empire out of Europe for the sake of unity and control, this dream was fuelled by his great knowledge of history. This knowledge of history can also be noted when analysing his military tactics and advancements.
They quickly voted for sacrifices and festivals to the gods in Caesar’s honor (Plutarch, 1915). This period of celebration was to be observed for fifteen days, a longer period than any victory had been recognized before. Part of the reason for the unprecedented celebration may have been the Roman people’s fondness for Caesar which Caesar himself had sewn through kindness he had shown in Gaul. After settling all of the current conflicts in Gaul, Caesar could now focus on business in Rome. Candidates for offices came to Caesar for money, something that again, Caesar could grant based on the spoils of his conquests.
The senate then declared war, but not on Mark Antony but on Cleopatra in 31BC, which created the Civil War between Marcius Antony and Octavian, which could’ve been avoided if Mark Antony had not given away Roman land and his name and committed treason11. Throughout the fourteen years, the use of propaganda was extraordinary. Both sides were ruthless to hold more power in Rome. Octavian had used the use of propaganda throughout the civil wars but he had used the use of propaganda towards the end of the war, exploiting Antony’s dalliance with Cleopatra. He Mark Antony was under the control of a foreign woman, which was added with the influence of alcohol, other drugs or magic spells.
The Crusades were a series of military and religious expeditions to reconquer the holy land of Jerusalem. They were led by the Christians and were meant to get the land back into Christian power and get rid of the ruling Muslims. From 1000 to 1400 over a dozen Crusades took place from all across Europe, where hundreds of thousands of soldiers fought, however, there were three major Crusades. Pope Urban II encouraged his people to join the first Crusade and started the biggest series of battles ever to take place. As a result of the first Crusade, four Christian kingdoms were created.
One of the greatest weaknesses that lead to the fall of the Western Roman Empire are the barbarian invasions. When the Roman soldiers were moved from the Rhine-Dhanube frontier to fight on civil wars in Italy, the Roman borders were left open to attacks. Not so long after Constantine moved Rome’s capitol, Germanic barbarians-people Romans considered uncivilized- began to raid and take over Roman lands in Greece and Gaul. Historians believe that the tribes actually started settling along the borders around 200s. Odavacer (a barbarian leader) takes over by overthrowing the last of the Roman emperors and made himself the ruler of Italy.
The Consul was responsible for the day to day affairs of the Roman state and also was accountable for its military. This system is not unlike the current American system wherein the President fulfills very much the same function. With his election as Consul in 107 BC, and his subsequent appointment as commander of the Roman legions in Numidia, Marius faced a difficult challenge. The Germanic Tribes of the Cimbri and Teutons had invaded Roman Gaul and defeated large Roman armies sent to handle them. Various wars on the frontier had depleted Rome’s manpower base especially in Italy, where once whole legions could be mustered in a matter of days.
The Seven Years’ War signified the greatest reflection of European to American hostilities. While Spain and France fought fiercely against the British on the continent and in the seas, in British North America the war clashed as France and its indigenous allies laid claim to the Ohio Territory . This would lead the colonists to refer to the conflict as the French and Indian War, named after the combatants the Colonial British faced . This conflict would resolve in favor of the British, and simultaneously would set the scene for French involvement in the American race for independence in 1776. While war shaped the foundations of colonial development it also proved to be a key in colonial
(Tranquillus 113) When studying in Dalmatia, Octavius learned he was heir to Rome, and he sought support in Italy to return to Rome with an army of 10,000 men. (Sizgorich 1) Octavius temporarily allied with Mark Antony to eliminate any anti-Caesarian factions. (Sizgorich 1) This alliance was only temporary because Antony soon would become an obstacle for Octavius, and they would spread
The second war started when General Hannibal invaded Italy, with many victories until he was defeated by Scipio Africuns, this left Rome in control of Spain and the western Mediterranean. The third war started when Scipio and the romans captured Carthage in 146 B.C., making Africa a part of the Roman empire. Part 2 (20%): Answer 2 of the following short essay questions. 1. How does the Struggle of Orders contribute to the fall of the Roman Republic?