At times, some scenarios make it seem impossible to find an equilibrium. They say that every action has an equal or opposite reaction, but what if that reaction does not match the action committed? Looking back at World War 1, it appears like one of those situations. The biggest and most significant feud in the Great War was between the Allied and Central powers. The Allied Powers consisted of Britain, Russia, and France while the Central powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.
This source shows how peace can lead to war because these points were meant to bring peace to everyone but since the ideas were biased towards some countries more than others they didn’t bring much peace and caused some problems. In this source it can be seen that Woodrow Wilson made a great effort to achieve peace with
There were many minority nations that wanted to establish independence and separate themselves from the mainstream, dominant society. This collective identity and unity that the nations have established caused them to form extreme nationalist ideas and revolt against the more influential people they were controlled by. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand happened due to the severe nationalistic feelings of the Serbs. The Serbs had always wanted to achieve sovereignty and independence from Austria-Hungary. When Franz Ferdinand announced that he will be leaving to Sarajevo to greet the townspeople on June 28, 1914, a terrorist organization called the ‘Black Hand’ had meticulously arranged an attack against Franz Ferdinand.
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed and article 231 of the treaty blamed the whole of the First World War on Germany. Many people in Germany were unhappy. Some hoped that there would be a communist revolution like there was in Russia and others were unhappy that Germany had surrendered. These men became known as the November Criminals. People showed their unhappiness with multiple revolts.
The Weimar Republic was established in 1919 and was a democratic state to replace imperialism because the Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany had to become a democratic country. The Weimar Republic was significantly weak due to hyperinflation, the economic collapse, the Treaty of Versailles, and other issues that were present during that time. The Weimar Republic faced chaos and violence with the Communist uprising and the Kapp Putsch. The Kapp Putsch, which took place in March 1920, was a threat to the new government and was assisted by General Luttwitz who led a group of Freikorps men (Kapp Putsch). They were against Friedrich Ebert’s beliefs about the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles.
According the book, before the Susa Weddings were hold, Alexander the Great had to make arrangements about the management of Susa. His first mission was to change the satrapy of Susa because the Susians were governed very badly by Abulities and his son Ozathres. Antropates was charged as the satrap of Susa by Alexander. Previous governors were arrested and killed because of deterioration of public order in Susa. Also, many crimes were committed by those who were at administration of countries which Alexander had conquered.
But, the assassination could not, and did not cause the war by itself. What it did do, was starting a crisis with a chain of reactions where crucial decisions were made by the involved countries. The assassination was, simply put; the single action which tipped a continent’s tensions and suspicions into a four year long total war of destruction and disaster. Eventually the killing led to an Austrian ultimatum to Serbia. Which then developed to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia.
Everything started when Franz Ferdinand (successor of the Austria-Hungary throne) was shot by Serbians in June 1914, a month before the actual beginning of the War. Wilhelm, instead of encouraging a careful response, approved an Austrian attack on Serbia and assured Austria that, if Russia (former German ally but now a Serbian ally) decided to intervene, Germany would support Austria. Once more, Germany fed war. Firmly following the Schlieffen Plan, Kaiser Wilhelm planned to attack France and capture Paris. With France excluded, Germany could then invade Belgium, forcing Britain to go to war, and after attack the Russians in the East.
Serbia wanted to take over Bosnia and Herzegovina. This assassination led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia and all the events, that i already wrote about in the previous paragraph. In the conclusion, i can say that, World War I was the result of many factors and reasons, but mostly it was foolishness and shortsightedness of the country leaders of the time, that made the war happen. In 1889 Otto von Bismarck talked abut Europe in the future and said that it would be: ‘The nightmare of coalitions’ and hid predictions came true. Essay N.2 Source
Before the 1920’s, the first World War occured. At the beginning of the war, when it first broke out around the world, President Woodrow Wilson declared American neutrality, in which American people would not trade with other countries involved in the war. However, the neutrality did not stay consistent, because soon after, the United States was split because of the different ethnic groups who favored their original countries. The use of propaganda became significant because of the uses to sway the opinions of the American people. During this first World War, their began to fight for women’s suffrage and prohibition.