Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton, an English physicist and mathematician, who was most famous for his law of gravitation, played a significant role in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. He was born on January 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, England. Isaac Newton was a well-known physicist and mathematician, and is credited as being one of the great minds of the 17th century Scientific Revolution. Isaac Newton was the only son of a flourishing farmer who died three months before he was born. During his birth, Isaac Newton was not expected to survive because he was a tiny and weak baby born premature.
Sir Issac Newton and Galileo Galilei were two of the most leading scientist of 17th century. Unfortunately, the two were never able to work together as Issac Newton was born the same year Galileo died, 1642. One thing is for sure, between the two there was a storm of scientific revolution under way. I will begin with the earlier revelations of Galileo. Considered the father of modern science, Galileo made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy.
By definition, the Scientific Revolution refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe between roughly 1550-1700; beginning with Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543). who asserted a heliocentric (sun-centered) cosmos, it ended with Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who proposed universal laws and a Mechanical Universe. A traditional description of the Scientific Revolution would go much further than our opening mini-definition allowed. A good basic description would include some of the following information (and inevitably) interpretive claims. Most specialists would agree on the following basic interpretations traditionally associated with the Scientific Revolution.
“The term civilization is another legacy of the Enlightenment. The Age of Enlightenment was preceded by and closely associated with the scientific revolution.” (Cole,64). Enlightenment writers and thinkers who had backgrounds in science and immediately put in practice their knowledge to develop new inventions. “Scientific progress during the Enlightenment included the discovery of carbon dioxide (fixed air) by the chemist Joseph Black, the argument for deep time by the geologist James Hutton, and the invention of the steam engine by James Watt.” (en.wiki.org/Age_of_Enlightenment). After the Enlightenment Wester Europe became the most civilized place on earth.
Each scientist and philosopher provoked thought among the people, both then and now, and discovered things that we still use today. Philosopher Descartes states that to understand the Enlightenment, to think of it as forging philosophy and science and society within the common factor of nature (Enlightenment and Nuclear Order). Not only that, but Descartes was also very influential in the early stages of science, specifically physics, and built a strong foundation for it. Even Isaac Newton, one of the forefathers of physics, would not have existed without Descartes’ early work. Later, Leibniz, a foundational rational metaphysicist of the Enlightenment and influential thinker, stated that “everything that exists has a sufficient reason for its existence” (Enlightenment).
Over the course of history, there have been several technologies and theories that have either been altered or restored by advancements in the field of science. These theories and technologies were all developed and invented by renowned philosophers and scientists during the scientific revolution. Two scientists, Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilei both developed their own theories which were used to change old teachings and would eventually revolutionize the world. All these new ideas and innovative technologies replaced previous traditions and shifted the world’s attention resulting into them to have various different reactions. The Earth was always thought of as the center of the universe where everything rotated around it.
Also the author gives us a general background of the story, making the article more immersive and giving us a complete view of the scene giving also the cause to the invention of a determined symbol. In fact in the article the author tells us that the symbol was invented in order to save time and ink and without repeating the phrase “is equal to” in every equation of the book. The inventor of this brilliant symbol is Robert Recorde, a Tudor mathematician and doctor who published widely on a variety of topics. He was born in Tenby, Wales around 1510, and died in Southwark in 1558 in prison for not paying a fine. The idea of the equal symbol had a simple but genial logic; in geometry two parallel lines are perfectly equal, so it’s the best way to represent equality, avoiding
Kepler’s theory was that he thought that the universe was heliocentric but he believed that the planets traveled in ellipses. It turns out that Nicolaus Copernicus’s theory was true. When the church heard about this they were not happy. It challenged the medieval way of thinking because It was the first time the church has ever been questioned. The effects of the scientific revolution were The Renaissance, the Age Of Exploration, The Printing Press, and The Reformation.
Locke, Hobbes’s opposing philosopher, was born years later on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, Somerset, England. Contrary to Hobbes, Locke believed that people had rights and that a democracy is the most logical form of governing. Similar to Hobbes, his surroundings and upbringing affected his philosophy. Lokke was raised in a puritan home, and his father had high connections in the government which gave him the access to a good education. He attended Oxford Christ Church where he majored logic and metaphysics, as well as the classical languages.
John Horton Conway is an interesting man who has been called a cross between Archimedes, Mick Jagger, and Salvador Dalí. John is a famous mathematician who is responsible for the invention of The Game of Life, the discovery of a new class of new numbers also known as “surreal numbers” and the unearthing of a 24-dimensional symmetry group. In addition, Conway and his partner Simon Norton illuminated the 196,883-dimensional Monster group known as “Monstrous Moonshine.” These things and many more make John Horton Conway one of the best mathematicians to date. As a child John Conway, born on December 26th 1937 in Liverpool, England, as the brother to his two siblings Agnes and Cyril. Conway began to exhibit an astonishing amount of intelligence
In 1679, Newton 's mother died which caused him to become extremely isolated for six months; he used this time to study gravity. Although Newton is best known for his work on gravity he also had many physical inventions. He is also known for the invention of calculus as well as another mathematician who they say invented it at the same time. Later on, he then published a book titled Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica which is considered to be one of the most influential books in the history of science today. Newton was elected president of Royal Society after the death of Robert Hookes in 170 3.
“Paine 's writings had great influence on his contemporaries, especially the American revolutionaries. John Adams’ prediction that history would attribute the revolution to Paine’s incendiary pamphlets was borne out by Thomas Alva Edison’s The Philosophy of Paine (1925), which remarked that Paine “was the equal of Washington in making America liberty possible. Where Washington performed Paine devised and wrote. The deeds of the one in the Weld were matched by the deeds of the pother with his pen.” His books inspired both philosophical and working-class radicals in the United Kingdom; and he is often claimed as an intellectual ancestor by United States liberals, libertarians,
Joseph Priestley was learned in a variety of subjects including grammar, metaphysics*, politics, theology, natural philosophy, and more. Priestley lived in England in the heart of the Enlightenment from 1733 to 1804. His colleagues were some of the most well-known scientists of their time including Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. Priestley’s work greatly contributed to advances in creative political, religious, and scientific thought. Joseph Priestley truly embodies enlightenment values in that he took part in the study of the natural world, reasoning, and questioning of accepted beliefs.