DBQ #2 The Islamic Caliphate gave way to much change in the Middle East during its reigning times, roughly 600-1300 C.E. Many political, economic, and social changes were imposed by the Caliph to different regions and cultures. New political changes were imposed on the people of Arabia and Africa. Christians and Jews also faced pressure from Muslims to convert due to benefits. Women’s rights also changed as part of the Caliphate.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy. The Mughal Empire had different origins compared to the Ottoman Empire, especially when it comes to the influence for their creation.
Foltz states that “the expansion of a particular religions rule is not identical with the spread of faith” (Foltz 91). The Islamic faith did not originally spread through proselytization, but through economic and political power. After the 8th century, Muslims controlled almost all of the trans-Asian trade (Foltz 91) Due to the growing religion of Islam, people began to convert for not only spiritual reasons, but economic reasons as well. Being Muslim at the time would have brought new advantages, such as being part of the “ruling group”, and better commercial activity. One might convert to Islam to better his commercial activity.
For example, the abangan is a blend of Islam, Hinduism, and kejawen, which is an ancient belief. In this way, Islam and Hinduism are two cultures that have contributed to cultural diffusion in Indonesia. In addition to the abangan religion, other people in Indonesia practice Santri, priyayi, Bodha, Kaharingan, etc. This diversity in religion shows the cultural diffusion within Indonesia as the culture of the people who trade with this country mix with the cultures that already exist. In Java, the cultural diffusion of Islam can be seen.
AP World Exam Brandon Ellestad Period 3 The Silk road was a ancient network of trading, that provided routes for trade and cultural exchanges to people in differents areas. During the time period of 200 CE and 1500 CE, the silk road underwent some transformations while still staying true to its original purpose. During that time period, the Silk road would have an influence on the change of major religions. With these changes, the need for luxury goods by the upper class stayed consistent within the society along the Silk road. The major religions of Christianity and Buddhism were dramatically changed with the development of the Silk Road during the time period of 200 CE and 1500 CE.
In 1939, Reza Shah’s unveiling declaration sparked a worldwide debate as to what the veil actually symbolizes. Ever since the beginning of Islam, women throughout the Islamic world have had to adopt the hijab as part of their cultural and religious attire due to various interpretations of the Islamic dress code. In addition, the Koran emphasizes purity in the name of Islam by asking both men and women to be modest when it comes to the way they dress. Furthermore, in his efforts to modernize Iran, Reza Shah failed to satisfy the needs of his people, as he gave women no say in what they could and could not wear in public. This eventually resulted in the division of Iranian women, as there were those who favored the Islamic tradition, and those who supported the regime and its adoption of Western values.
Other pieces of Muslim architecture, such as the great Mosque of Djenne, are evidence of the religion’s dominance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Along the Indian Ocean trade routes, we also see Islam as a dominant religion, but there is much more of a variety. Evidence of Islam in Eastern Africa can be found in the language itself. Swahili, the dominant language of the region, is influenced heavily by Arabic. Buddhist traders from India and China spread the religion to some inhabitants of Eastern Africa.
Recently, more and more schools all over the country have turned to dress codes. Some people say that dress codes teach professionalism and protect students. However, schools should not have dress codes because dress codes target girls and limit their freedom of expression. They also are hard to enforce and students break them anyways. First, schools should not have dress codes because they target girls and limit freedom of expression.
Geometric and vegetative motifs are widespread all the way through the lands where Islam was once or still is a dominant religion with its cultural force. Islamic art is seen appearing in the private palaces and buildings such as the Alhambra in Spain in addition to the detailed metal work of Safavid Iran. Similarly, certain building architecture appears throughout the Muslim world: masjids with their minarets, mausoleums, gardens and religious schools (madrasas) all shares mutuality, though, their forms fluctuate
The spread of Islam had been exceptional since widespread conversion in Southeast Asia started in the 13th century. As Islam continues to grow in present times, it potentially holds great political power over unlimited territory; Islam may eventually hold vast power over our society. Hence, this paper aims to discuss the use of Islam as a political tool and the use of politics in Islam using Indonesia as a key reference. As the process of Indianisation was concluded with the coming of Islam, the cultural heritage of Hinduism is reduced, and eventually, Hinduism will become heritage. Even in modern times, Islamisation is still on the rise.