The societies of West Africa, Europe, and North America exhibited similarities and differences in their religious beliefs, values, and government systems. These contrasts and similarities were further made apparent during European expansion across the Atlantic and the subsequent new cross cultural interactions that were created. One way in which the societies of West Africa, Europe, and North America diverged was in their belief systems. Unlike Europe and North America, West Africa gradually adopted Islam in addition to its traditional religions. Islam diffused through the trans-Saharan trade with North Africa and by the 1200’s was assimilated into the Mali and Songhai Empire.
Since I chose Africa I will be explaining what was Africa before 1500 ce. Before the 1500 ce Africa had many trades, cultures, and also some encounters with Islam. In 1000 ce Islam invaded the West African State, in Dr. Mayers, 2012 study of Africa he stated that the spread of Islam revealed the power of the religion, commercial, and also the military qualities. Many civilizations were being change without being close to at least one Islamic statement. Islam had spread so much in Africa that Islamization had served to connect with Africa and connected more with the outside world through trade, religion, and
Almost all Mauritanians are Sunni Muslims. In 1960 it has been an Islamic republic since that year. Its Muslims population is 37.7 out of 37.7. Comoros is about 99 percent of its population; its Muslim population 0.78 out of 0.8 in the article “Islam in Comoros” the author write that Islam came by two Comorian nobles, Fey Bedja Mwamba and Mtswa Mwandze, who visited Makah. These Arab merchants played a role in introducing Islam.
East and West Africa from 1000 to 1500 CE had profound differences in forms of government, with West Africa being kingdom based, and East Africa city-state based. The conversion of Eastern and Western African ruling elites compacted trading between themselves and Islamic traders from Mesopotamia, China, India, and as far away as Oceania. The relatively stable political environment from 1000-1500 CE in Sub-Saharan Africa attracted displaced peoples from the Abbasid empire in Northern Africa, with West Africa utilizing Trans-Saharan trade, and East Africa utilizing mariner trade routes. The East and West developed in clearly different ways, but paralleled each other in a way in which the political, social, and economic environments facilitated stable trade in the region, as well as a distinct blend between Islamic culture and African tradition. The primary difference in the political organization of both East and West African from 1000-1500 CE comes in the form of government.
During the time period between 600 CE and 1450 CE, Afro-Eurasia experienced a deepening of old and new human interactions across the region. This resulted in an increase in wealth and cross-cultural exchanges. During this time, the prophet Muhammad spread Islam throughout the Afro-Eurasian region. Also, the expansion of empires like imperial China, the Byzantine empire, and Mongol empire helped Afro-Eurasia trade and communication as new people developed their conquerors economies and trade networks, as well as ideas. Like many empires, migrations also had a significant environmental impact on the Afro-Eurasia region.
Traditional Christianity as an African Religion There are so many religions in the world like Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, African Religion and so many more. Although in Africa, the most respected and popular religion is Christianity and Islam, which is made up of majority of Africans. Traditional Christianity as an African Religion is an article written by Calvin Rieber and can be found on the pages 255-273 using the book, “African Religions: A Symposium, published in 1977 by Newell S Booth in writing this report. Christianity began after the death of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. There was a relationship between Jerusalem and Northern Africa and because of this relationship, Christianity was introduced in Ethiopia, Egypt and the Northern
The Sorko not only dominated the river regarding trade but also, regarding military power. Sonni Ali (Songhai’s first imperial king ) and his forces conquered Timbuktu in 1468 then making Songhai power in the region. "Songhai and to achieve control of the Trans-Saharan trade routes. As was the case with some earlier Malian leaders, Sonni Ali valued original forms of religious practice beside Islam" (Empires of medieval West Africa). Songhai thrived for many years till it fell into unstableness because of unsuccessful emperors.
Therefore, the indigenous inhabitants of the colonies, the Africans, had to adapt to a new, “superlative” culture and view it as more sophisticated than theirs. The Atlantic slave trade was what greatly enabled the flow of European culture and values to the
Africa was imperialized by Europeans in 1880s-1940s. Before Africa imperialism they had thousands of different tribes, nations, culture, and languages. Africa had complex trade and different ethnic groups. Europeans took over Africa because abolition slavery, wanted to spread christianity and had new resources. This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict.
The political identities play a significant role in the understanding of Williams, Dubois, and Nkrumah’s Pan-Africanism and how it has shaped their lives. Henry Sylvester Williams was born in Trinidad in 1869 where he eventually moved to London to organize the formation of the Pan-African Association. This resulted in the first Pan-African conference in 1900, the beginnings of the modern Pan-African movement. Several historians claim Henry Sylvester Williams originally conceived the term “Pan-African”. His abolitionist notions made him desire the removal of all forms of British colonialism from Africa and the West Indies, thus shaping Williams’ political identity.
How did Islam spread so quickly? Islam a muslim community that forever changed the middle east In this paper I will explain how it spread through The message,trade,and conquest. Trade was one major thing that spread Muhammad 's word. Mecca being a trading hub in the Middle East helped the word spread. According to Document A,B and C it mostly spread in the 632-750.
The creation of Islam in the Middle East and its future spread to the other parts of the world beginning in the 600s allowed for diverse and powerful societies to be formed with the monotheistic religion being either the foundation or a major influence. With Islam’s large spread across Africa, Asia, Europe, and continual spread in the Middle East, empires like al-Andalusia and Ghana arose in the West and the Ottoman and Mughal arose in the Eastern part of the world. Islamic beliefs and values shaped these empires similarly to how Christianity became the leading influence in Europe. Moorish rule in the Western Muslim society of Spain lasted for seven hundred years and clean and lavish cities created under their rule served as a contrast to the
I will be writing about how the Early Islamic Empire expanded. Islam expanded by Muslims invading other territories. This helps them expand Islam because once they invade; they take charge, and expand. This information is from Document A. Another way they expanded Islam was that they joined forces.
According to document C, Mecca had been taken under Muslim rule between 622-632. Jerusalem, Cairo and Baghdad had been taken under Muslim rule between 632-661, and Saragossa had been taken under Muslim rule between 661-750. Through all of this, military campaigns were taking place. The campaigns were coming from Medina to Damascus to Constantinople, from Cairo to Tripoli to Kairouan, etc (C). “In 632, following the death of Muhammad, the first Caliph was selected to lead the Muslim community.
The Middle East is a place that was the birthplace for many cultures and religions such as Christianity and Islam. As they expanded from this region, both of these religions had good impact on history. However, Christianity and Islam have their similarities in religious beliefs and their differences in expansion between the two religions. Within the time period c. 600 CE to 1250 CE and 1st century to 1000 CE Islam and Christianity began to spread around the world. The two religions spread socially and economically similar but politically different.