How Did Japan Change The Korean Economy

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How much did Japan change the Korean Economy between 1930 and 1940? Hanna LaPointe IB History HL Mrs. Bultemeyer January 22, 2018 Total word count: 1,972 Identification and Evaluation of Sources In 1910, Korea was first occupied by Japan. At the time, Korea was a mainly agrarian society with no connections to the western world. However, by the time that WWII was over, Korea was the second most industrialized country in Asia, only second to Japan. This investigation will focus on the question: How much did Japan change the Korean economy between 1930 and 1940? The first source evaluated is The Japanese Role in Korea’s Economic Development was edited by Andrea Savada and William Shaw for the United States Government Publishing…show more content…
Japan implemented plans for creating railways, more industries, and established trading during their 35-year rule of Korea. The most significant growth in Korea’s history had happened when Japan occupied Korea. The change was one from a agrarian society to an industrialized country. During their occupation, how much did Japan change the Korean economy between 1930 and 1940? Japan wanted to colonize Korea because they did not have enough agricultural resources to sustain themselves. Before 1910, Korea had a traditional agricultural economy because Koreans lived as farmers of rice or grain and they made money through labor or bartering. By colonizing Korea, Japan would be able to sustain its people and would also be able to trade excess resources with other countries which would bring in more money for Japan. The Japanese plans to move Korea away from agriculture, by utilizing their natural resources to develop raw material, were vital in the transformation from a primarily agricultural economy to one that was modernized and trading with the rest of the world. Japanese plans had also reformed agriculture by introducing better seeds, fertilizer, and irrigation to the Korean farmers. The farming of rice would always be the most critical industry in Korea because they were providing Japan with a staple food item that Japan could not solely produce to support…show more content…
Japan set up steel, cement, and chemical plants during the 1930s. Steel, for example, grew from 5.3% of total factories, in 1930, to 8.8% of total factories in 1939 (Chung 223). These factories were mainly set up in the northern part of Korea, where there was an abundance of coal and hydroelectric power. Textiles were also a significant and fast-growing industry in Korea, with the number of factories doubling from 1930 to 1939 (Chung 222). By 1938, 57.7% of companies were owned by the Japanese and would continue to increase further into their rule. The annual production rate of industry in Korea was 12.37% from 1930-38 compared to just 5.13% from 1914-27 (Mizoguchi, Toshiyuki 14). The Japanese transformed Korean into a rising industrial country. Throughout the rule of Japan, the industrial production increased 80%. This was because Japan implemented plans for large industries, like steel, to improve industrialization. Japan transformed Korea’s economy into one that would be modernized, by creating more steel and chemical plants, and would also benefit Japan, by producing more rice and textiles. Kazushige Ugaki’s plans to industrialize Korea were rapid and would cause Korea to become industrialized quicker than any other country in the

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