His plan also required that Southern states outlaw slavery before they could rejoin the Union as well as ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery from the United States. Although Johnson opposed slavery, he did not support equal rights for African-Americans. "White men alone must manage the South," he stated. President Johnson 's plan was mostly successful because all former Confederate states except Texas had set up new governments because of his plan by the end of 1865.
After Abraham Lincoln was elected as President of the United States, the South became very concerned that the end of life as they knew it was near, (Shultz, n.d.). President Lincoln was opposed to slavery and he was against the spread of it in the West. The southerners assumed that if the all the western territories remained free, the Republicans would accomplish their abolition efforts. Secession began with the states in the deep south, (Shultz, n.d.). South Carolina was the first southern state to secede from the Union and several others began to follow.
The convention will encourage Charleston to draft a law of secession. They will announce that the Ordinance of Secession will be enforced on December 20. Soon after, South Carolina will become the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States. However, the northern regions seems to believe that our declaration of secession was a result of the refusal of free states to enforce the Fugitive Slave Acts. After realizing this act in the Declaration, we realized that the United States Constitution failed to establish each State as an equal in the Union, with separate control over its own institutions, such as the right of property in slaves.
This compromise also prohibited slavery in territories and new states above the 30° 30’ lines of latitude. Soon after Spanish-American war, the North and South were at a standstill yet again. But later in 1854 that would change with the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which now allowed residents of the states popular sovereignty, which means to vote weather or not the state would be slave or free and went away with the lines of latitude. The Free Soil Party appealed to the North because they wanted to limit the South’s power in federal government. The party wanted to ban slavery in the western territories, which obviously singling out the South since it was their way of life.
During this time, the U.S. was split into two sections, the majority of the southern states had seceded from the United States, banding together as their own country known as the Confederate States of America who were fighting the war to keep slavery legal. The northern states maintaining their commitment to the United States were fighting the war to end slavery. The Transcontinental Railroad was going to open up the territories west of the the Missouri River and allow the creation of more free states. Fearing the loss of influence of slave states, the congressional representatives of the south opposed the railroad on financial grounds. Therefore, in 1862, with the commencement of the Civil War, the legislative representatives of the southern states resigned their congressional positions.
Civil War began because the North wanted to abolish slavery, the South seceded from the Union, and the North overpowered the South. The North covets to abolish slavery for African-Americans in the South. However, abolitionists helped slaves escape to the North. Abolitionist such as William Lloyd Garrison, John Brown, Gerrit Smith and Charles Lenox Remond were against practice of slavery. Document four explains how abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle
As each group represents one of two opposing sides in the Civil War free state party is the United States of America or the Union while the border ruffians is the Confederate States of America. The free state party wanted slaves to be free through justified means like religion from Great Awakening and Second Great Awakening were many preached that all humans are created equal and since everyone is on equal terms then no one should enslave another person (Hahn 10/11). Other then religion a lot of European countries already banned slavery within their empires. So to many Americans it would seem as barbaric if a majority of the developed world has gotten rid of something altogether while the land of the free still has something that even opposes what is written in the constitution “all men are created equal”. Like with the caning of Sumner where Preston Brooks used his cane to beat up Charles Sumner on the senate floor because Sumner was insulting the way of life of the south (Hahn 11/8).
Although Lincoln concentrated on his plans for Reconstruction, he didn 't apply much diligence towards the Southern properties that were lost due to technical tax evasion. Abraham Lincoln 's plan proposed land be given to Emancipation accepting "rebels", but Confederate officers and people highly involved in their government, would be closed out from this proposition. Lincoln also granted that if ten percent of the state 's majority (of those who could vote), they 'd be allowed to make a new government. This last proposition caused the North anxiety for it could allow the South to receive unneeded power, causing the original split between the regions once again.
During his term in the House 1844-1846, his fiercely sectionalist and proslavery sentiments he even demanded the resumption of the slave trade branded him a Southern extremist. He planned to avoid any further involvement in politics, but the attempt of the Wilmot Proviso to exclude slavery from the newly acquired territories could not be ignored. That demanded that Congress protect slavery in the territories. During the 1850s, Yancey publicly expressed hope that secession could be avoided, but he had begun to conclude that secession was inevitable. After 1858, he was adamant that if the Republicans won the presidency in 1860, secession would be necessary.
Still not having decided his opinion on the issue of slavery, Clay saw how important it was to compromise. He created an omnibus series of bills known collectively as the Compromise of 1850 that were aimed at appeasing both the North and the South. The Compromise of 1850 consisted of four important aspects: California would enter as a free state, the slave trade in Washington D.C. would end, popular sovereignty (the people who lived there) would decide slavery in New Mexico and Utah, and, for the south, a stricter fugitive slave law would be enacted, forcing northern authorities to return escaped slaves to the south. It was not passed in Clay’s lifetime, but its bills were later pushed through by Millard Fillmore after President Zachary Taylor’s death. The Compromise was Henry Clay’s last stand in delaying the onset of the impending Civil
His plan also stated that any state that was readmitted must make slavery illegal as part of their constitution. However, President Lincoln was assassinated less than one week after the war ended and was never able to implement his plan to make it easy for southern states to rejoin the Union. Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s Vice President, continued Lincoln’s plan for a while after his assassination but then announced his own plans for Reconstruction which included a vow of loyalty to the Nation and to do away with Slavery
Reconstruction is, “the period, generally dated from 1865 to 1877, during which the nation’s laws and Constitution were rewritten to guarantee the basic rights of the former slaves, and biracial governments came to power throughout the defeated Confederacy.” The fall of reconstruction started with the Grant administration scandals caused by grant’s “hands-off style of leadership” which lead to officials in his administration to enrich themselves through illegal schemes. Many republicans began to question the wisdom of maintaining a strong federal role in the affairs of southern states. Northern Whites chose white unity with white southerners rather than black equality. The Ku Klux Klan, a white terrorist group helped with the undoing of reconstruction. “The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organizations targeted local Republican leaders, white and black, and other African Americans who challenged white authority,” causing a set back with reconstruction .
Around the 1860’s, many Texans wanted Abraham Lincoln voted in as President. With the Civil War approaching, Sam Houston as the Texas Governor had two priorities and they were Texas and the Union. On January 28, 1861, There was a convention lead by many secessionists. Houston tried to stall the succession but instead the Legislature approved it. In early March, Texas was declared out of the Union and the group of secessionists agreed that the state should start uniting with the southern states which were recognized as the Confederate states.
Vu Pham Professor Sunshine McClain History 170 May 22, 2016 Abraham Lincoln Does Not Deserve To be The Great Emancipator Abolition of slavery was a big controversy in the United State of America in the nineteenth century due to the different stances between northern and southern states which led to the American Civil war. At the present time, Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States who supported the north (Union) thought that free the slave could help him united all the states. As the result, he passed out the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, which give freedom to slaves in the states that the Union did not control. After the war, he issued the Thirteenth Amendment on December 6, 1865, to free all slaves. Although Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery, he did not deserve to be call “ The Great Emancipator” because he freed the slaves for war purpose, only part of the slaves were freed at first, and he did not know what to do to abolish slavery.
In 1865 slavery was dead because it was after the civil war meaning that the 13th amendment was in place, which claimed there would be no more slavery. Also by then Lincoln said his emancipation proclamation which declared slaves in the