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How Did John Locke Preserve The Federal Government

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independent”. According to the state of nature, no man should endanger another man’s life, well-being, freedom, or possessions. Everyone is “obligated by the laws of nature to respect the rights of every man”, according to Locke.
2. It is necessary for man to give up certain liberties under the laws of nature when entering into society. Locke states that they must “give up the equality, liberty, and executive power they had in the state of nature”. This is for the intention of better preserving himself. Locke favored representative government, where citizens are permitted to vote and elect members to represent the public in government.
3. According to Locke, the legislative power is the most important part of the government. Locke claims that their first rule is to preserve the society. The legislative body’s power and authority comes from the consent of the governed
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Essentially, Locke states that it would be necessary for the people to dissolve their government and start anew if the government stopped functioning for the people. More specially, the government should be recreated if a tyrannical power took over and changed the legislative. Secondly, if the legislative broke its trust, a new government would be necessary. Finally, dissolvent of a state’s government would be needed if ways of election “altered contrary to common interest of the people”.
Baron de Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws
1. In the first five paragraphs, Montesquieu talks about the three sorts of power: legislative, executive, and judicial. He emphasizes the importance that each power should be separate and not “united in the same person”. Montesquieu explains that if two powers were to be joined, it could lead to tyrannical or arbitrary rule.
2. According to Montesquieu, a monarch should exercise executive power because the executive branch is better with one person rather than many. However, Montesquieu believes that it is better to have many people to regulate the legislative
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