At the end of the American Revolution, two political philosophies had a large influence on American politics. Some of the nation’s founders had different ideas of how the Constitution was to be acted upon. Two men named Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson had very different, but definite visions of what American society should become. Hamilton’s main point was having a strong central government, while Jefferson thought that the future of America shouldn't rely on industries, but instead should be centered around agriculture. Over time these two ideas of government grew further apart and eventually led to the formation of America's first political parties, that would later earn the labels of the “Federalists” and “Republicans”.
The American Revolution, a war fought against a distant and all too powerful government, instilled a fear of centralized governmental power in the United States. The idea of the U.S. constitution sparked a political divide; it encouraged heated debates from those who are known as Federalists, and those who are known as Anti-Federalists. The Federalists, individuals who supported the ratification of the constitution, argued that the Articles of Confederation were too weak and that a strong national government with checks and balances was needed. On the other hand, the Anti-Federalists argued that the president would be like a king and that there needs to be a Bill of Rights to protect the people. If I had been alive in the time of this intense debate, I would have voted for the federalist side of the argument.
Checks and Balances Secondly, the separation of power provides a system of shared powers or checks and balances. By that I mean, that each branch has the power to limit or check the other two. The Constitution gave the most checks to Congress or the legislature. They did this because the framers did not want the president to gain enough power to become a tyrant.
James Madison was a smart man, he knew that if you give all power to one person or a small group it would go to their heads. So he proposed a compound government, long story short it was incorporated in the Constitution. The compound government meant that their would be two parts of the government. One part would go towards the country as a whole, the other was more focused on the smaller issues such as each individual state.
Federalist had even stronger men; Alexander Hamilton, George Washington and Benjamin Franklin. Still, the Constitution was in danger of not being ratified
One of the main Federalist policies was a strong national government. For various reasons, they believed that power should be taken away from states and given to one central government. Federalists also supported Alexander Hamilton 's idea for a national bank as a way to control the finances of the national government. Another federalist idea was to have the national government assume
Thomas Jefferson was a devout Republican and viewed the Constitution as it should be followed strictly by text and empowered congress to enact laws that were mandatory and respectable. He was also a strong supporter of states’ rights and decisions should be left to them to vote on. Here is an example where his stance stood when president Washington ask for advice from his cabinet, while as Secretary of Sate if the United Sates should charter a national bank, “The Bank of the United States”. Jefferson took advantage at every opportunity to express his own views on how to interpret the Constitution and he viewed this as this was not a Congress’s obligation to raise money and was against it. Jefferson sought to limit the powers of the federal government and
To begin with, Paine saw the need for a new and stable kind of government that promotes, represents, and unites American people. According to Paine it is mainly because of the people 's constitution that the British government is considered to be less oppressive compared to other European governments. Therefore, it is very important to recognize and consider the difference between society and government, especially monarchial, and their impacts on their communities. Paine argues that society affects people positively by uniting them and promoting their wellbeing. On the other hand, government by a king is rooted in an evil origin, and history has shown that it 's hereditary succession leads to foolish, wicked, and improper leaders,
The reason that the Articles of Confederation established such a weak government was because the colonists were afraid that a strong central government would become tyrannical and oppressive like the British were towards the colonists. However, instead of leading to the downfall of America, the deficiencies that were evident in the Articles of Confederation furthered the definition of the principles of America because the insufficient government of that time voiced a need for a stronger government. To answer this need, the colonists passed the Constitution of the United States. The founding fathers ratified the Constitution in 1787, and it established a much stronger government than the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution founded the laws that would govern America for centuries; it was a crucial factor in the development of the identity of America.
The main difference between the Federalists and Anti-federalists was their view on the formation of a stronger U.S. Federal Government. This led the Federalists to support ratification of the Constitution and the Anti-federalists to oppose it. The Federalists thought the central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation were weak and wanted a strong central government that would rule the U.S. citizens directly and not through the state government. On the contrary, the Anti-federalists felt that a strong federal government would take a way from individual rights.
Loose is the opposite. It said that the government could use "implied" powers, that weren 't necessarily written word for word in the constitution. These people wanted a stronger national government with more power. 50. Jay 's Treaty Provisions: The withdrawal of British soldiers from posts in the American West, a commission to be established to settle outstanding border issues between the U.S. and Canada.
The use of these powers determine if the president is going beyond the limits of the office. Many argue that the president has abused these powers with the use of the Unitary Executive Theory, which states that the Constitution puts the president in charge of executing the laws, and that nobody can limit the president’s power when it comes to executive powers. It therefore tips authority from Congress to the presidency, upsetting the power of checks and balances.
The ratification of the 16th amendment allowed a federal income tax, the formation of the Electoral College gave the federal government a huge say in who the next president would be, and supremacy clauses made sure that the federal government had precedence over states. Moreover, the regulations placed during the progressive era showed how much the citizens were willing to give up their power to the government for some sense of security; shipping was regulated as well as food/agriculture and distribution of goods. The amalgamation of such small change slowly made federal power to what it is today and with the addition of the New Deal – the Republican Party got the strong federal government they wanted. Slowly the government’s goal of being a protector of individual rights and liberty disappeared and a new goal of maintaining economic well being came to. This new goal hasn’t changed since it’s inception in the 1920’s and is a primary concern today next to national security.
The Whigs, that where like the federalists that where years before them, viewed the national bank as both necessary and constitutional. As the jacksonians were evolving democracy of U.S. . . There’s no coincidence that Andrew Jackson’s election will giving voting rights to non-property owning men. And to change the United States economy. The vision of Hamilton of 1790s of industry –based economy system seemed to be coming to life.
The Constitution uses division of powers in order to prevent tyranny from occurring. James Madison, a man who was very dedicated towards our Constitution, decided upon dividing the government into two different sections, state and central, this idea is known as federalism. Powers needed to run a country are granted to the central governments, a few of those powers are printing and coin money, declare war, and regulate trade, and powers given to the state governments are the ability to hold elections, establish schools, and set up local governments. ( Document A ). The idea of federalism is important because it has a major effect on the prevention tyranny.