How did General Douglas MacArthur react to the events in Korea? What was his stance on the Korean War? McAurther was determined to win. He did not see the early reverses of the war which concerned Korean and us forces into Pusan as a “second Dunkirk” and was firmly convicted that victory was still possible eventually ordering the amphibious landings at Inchon behind the front to cut off all the enemy’s supplies it was a difficult operation that worked in threatening to cut off north Korean forces attacking in the south, forcing them into retreat. 2.
Although most of the American population disagreed with many of his decisions, those controversial decisions have over time been proven to be nothing but beneficial and necessary to the nation. Truman demonstrated exemplary action as Commander in Chief, sending troops overseas to fight in the war against North Korea as he saw fit during the time of the Cold War. He made quick and bold decisions under challenging pressures, especially with the controversy of atomic bombs present at the time. Truman was a solid and dependable individual when building relations with foreign nations, especially with his contributions through the United Nations, making him successful in regards to being the Chief Diplomat. His roles as Chief Executive and Chief of State were explicitly represented through the well-organized bureaucracy and the fact that he was a well-respected power of authority within the government.
And analyzing the situation of the Korean War and the Cold War, the main purpose and cause of the war seem to be to make democracy the dominant system and stop the spread of communism. As mentioned before, President Truman and other democratic countries believed that democracy was the right path in running a country. Therefore, securing democracy in the Korean peninsula would allow for democracy to be one step ahead over communism. The role of democracy was truly seen post Korean
In retrospect, however, the United States should not have entered the war. Not being a part of the war would have saved American lives and money, potentially eliminated PTSD in a generation on soldiers, and would have prevented the animosity that exist between the United States and North Korea that dominates the headlines today. The Korean War was fought between two major wars, Word War II and the Vietnam War. Due to being fought between these major wars, the Korean War is known as “The Forgotten War.” The Korean War started on June 25, 1950 and ended July 23, 1953.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
However, the United States’ participation was not declared by the U. S. Congress, but when North Korean’s intention to take over South Korea were identified, President Harry Truman “ordered naval and air forces into action.” (Greenspan, 2013) The United States just intentions were based on stopping the spread of Communism not only within the nation, but internationally wide. Thus, although the Korean War had many casualties, according to the Jus Ad Bellum principle, the United States’ participation was
in the Korean War because it protected an innocent democracy from being conquered by and being converted to communism. According to Document C, communist North Korea, backed by the Soviet Union, invades democratic and US backed South Korea under Joseph Stalin’s approval. Stalin must have done this to scare the US, which he knew was backing a democratic South Korea. Also, geopolitically, if Stalin could force the U.S. out of southeast Asia, he would basically have free reign on conversion to communism over the weaker governments there and possibly convert a weakened Japan. But, with the U.S. “victory” (technically, no peace treaty was signed, so the war is happening to this day.)
Due to limited resources, interference in other regions, even if covered by the Truman Doctrine, was considered undesirable because China and Palestine were less important than the restoration of Europe. In addition, at this time, the Truman Administration is moving away from the doctrine of containing communism and moving on to a strategy of containing the Soviet Union. This was also part of the strategy in
South Korea didn’t want to be a contribution to communism, where North Korea believed that communism was the solution to all problems. This invasion caused and all out war the involved many other countries like Russia and the US. As stated in “Document C”, Russia’s job was to help North Korea and promote their communists government, where the US was there to help South Korea promote their capitalism. Several years after continuously fighting on whether Korea should have a communist or capitalists government, the war finally ended. The country is still divided today and North Korea still remains communists leaving the US failing to stop communism.
By establishing the Truman Doctrine, his main goal was to keep other nations who were resisting Communism to be able to stand up for themselves. Since the Soviet Union was in the midst of all Communist activity, Truman knew that Stalin would eventually spread his beliefs into other parts of the world. Fearing that he would lose yet another nation to Stalin, Truman quickly decided that he had to do something to help other countries who were in need of political and monetary aid. As a result, the Truman Doctrine was first created when Truman stood before Congress on March 12, 1947, and asked for $400 million to fight Communist aggression in Greece and Turkey. When Congress approved Truman’s request, he was able to send political, military, and economic assistance to Greece and other democratic nations that were under threat from Stalin (history.state.gov).
Presidents Truman and Eisenhower believed that communist expansion could be handled mainly with containment, whereas Kennedy believed in both containment and military force. By providing financial assistance to vulnerable countries, Truman was able to prevent the “domino effect” of communism during his term. In addition to similar practices during Eisenhower’s presidency, Eisenhower involved the US more actively by meeting with foreign leaders, improving relationships with these countries, and adopting the Massive Retaliation policy. Kennedy played a much more hands-on role in preventing communism. Though he attempted to meet with leaders to strengthen relationships, he also resorted to military actions in both Cuba and Vietnam.
This system was designed to maintain stability and a balance of power in the international arena. The containment expressed displeasure of totalitarian, non-democratic forms of government. Truman favored a more traditional warfare to containment and a strong conventional military. Eisenhower endorsed the threat of using nuclear warfare over the conventional war. He convinced the Soviets that he would use atomic deterrence if provoked (Costa, 1998).
By doing so the hope was that less aggression would happen because if there was aggression it would mean another world war. John Foster Dulles, the Secretary of State, favored more nuclear weapons and wanted to roll communism back (Ayers. 850). Dulles ideas took form in the policy of massive retaliation which meant the