Henry even went to such extreme lengths such as burning non-Latin bibles and torturing non-Catholics in order to gain affluence from the Church. The English King always carried his selfish motives along with him during all his alliances. In addition, when he published The Defense of the Seven Sacraments, Pope Clement VII honored him with the title, Defender of the Faith. He worked alongside the Pope, but he realized the power he dangled over him, and it fueled Henry’s anger. When King Henry’s wife, Catherine of Aragon, only gave birth to a
When Henry VIII received a daughter rather than a son, he believed he was being punished for marrying and sleeping with Catherine, his brother’s wife, and he sought an annulment. After Catherine’s nephew, Charles V, held the pope hostage to prevent the annulment, Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Cromwell, two Protestants, decided to help Henry VIII to get him away from the church. After getting him an annulment, Henry made himself the head of the new church due to the Act of Supremacy. This lead to the Dissolution, which took the wealth and land from the church and gave it back to Henry. After he wrote a new Bible, had a son with his third wife, and aided the Protestant Reformation, he died.
The formation of the Spanish Empire begins with the death of Isabella I in 1504. Her death played an influential role in Castile. Ferdinand II saw her death as an opportunity to expand his land, but was not able to. The Cortes Generales instead chose to crown Juana. However, in 1506, Juana’s husband, Philip I of Habsburg, was crowned King through jure uxoris.
The princess Elizabeth was born when instead, everybody was expecting a boy. Knowing that she must give birth to a boy soon to please her husband, Anne got several miscarriages before Henry sparked interest in her lady-in-waiting – Jane Seymour. To get rid of her, Anne Boleyn was charged with treason in May of 1536, for adultery, incest, and plotting to murder Henry VIII. Although these charge most likely had no factual basis, Anne Boleyn was beheaded on Tower Green at the discretion of the King. Immediately after his wife’s execution, Henry married Jane, who was never crowned Queen.
The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval. One man, named Martin Luther, had an idea to denounce the method of the Catholic Church that would influence the world and change Christianity forever. When the Catholic Church was first formed, its goals were to spread and to help people follow
During the early and late 15th century Spain was at a high point. Spain was the central power in Europe during that time and Spain was united under his father and mother,. Philip II reign began Spain's golden age. However, Philip II rule was not entirely beneficial for Spain. He injured Spain through heavy taxation and he caused the Netherlands to revolt impact on therefore he had a negative on Spain.
The English Renaissance known as the rebirth of civilization spanned from 1485 to 1625. The Renaissance period began concurrently with the Tudor dynasty. After Henry VII died in 1509, Henry VIII succeeded the throne when he was only 17. He was married to Catherine of Aragon and they had one daughter together named Mary. “Henry’s VIII’s relationship with the pope soon disintegrated when he tried to have his marriage with Catherine of Aragon annulled” (Kinsella 225).
“Fights regularly broke out between Scots and English nobles . . . the king’s project for a formal treaty of union ran into a storm of parliamentary protest that exchanging English for ‘British’ nationality would be the end of English law and the ancient constitution” (Schama 28). James even imposed a ban on “anti-English ballads, poems and ballads”, which proves that Scotland had strong aversions toward the union as well.
Tension started when King Henry VIII initiated the act to leave the catholic church, and create The church of England. The king then made himself head of the church which brought up problems with the catholic church. After King Henry died, his son Edward VI, took throne at age nine. Edward reigned as a powerful protestant king, He was a huge boost to the churches strength. King Edward VI did away with all the catholic statues, stained glass in the churches and introduce the common book of prayer.
Charles I son of James VI of Scotland tries to enforce the Divine Right of Kings but faces opposition from Parliament this begins the English Civil war. Charles I then makes several mistakes including marrying Henrietta of France, who was a Catholic yet England was Protestant. All mistakes have consequences and King Charles first consequence was a strained and wounded marriage to his wife Henrietta. Charles often got into trouble, and one of the times was when he tried to impose a new prayer book in Scotland. This angered the Scots and they went to War against England.
Philip II had been contemplating an invasion on England, however, due to Spain’s financial situation, the ability of taking on such an operation made the King reluctant. After the execution of the Roman Catholic, Mary Queen of Scots, he wanted to seek revenge. Being married to Mary Tudor and equally like her wishing to see England return to Roman Catholicism, Philip was determined, as well as being backed by a country which was known as the strongest Catholic nation in Europe. Many factors influenced his decision; however, in 1585 Elizabeth contributed to his decision to attack. This was through Elizabeth helping the Protestants in the Netherlands when they revolted against their Spanish overlords led by the Duke of Parma.
During Henry VIII reign needed an heir to rule England after his death. Henry VIII married the widow of his late brother, Katherine of Aragon and had hoped to have a son. Katherine gave birth to a daughter named Mary and Henry decided to divorce Katherine and marry again to gain a male an heir to the throne. The pope would not let Henry get an annulment to Catherine because he did not want to upset Catherine’s nephew the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. In 1553, Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn and she became pregnant while still married to Catherine. The second wife of Henry, Anne Boleyn, gave birth to a daughter named Elizabeth.