Finally, he faced his ultimate demise, the Battle of Waterloo. As he approached the massive opposing military that stood in front of him, Napoleon knew he had only one option, which was to run his army straight through the middle of the army to divide the opposing force. However, his planned backfired, and the enemy surrounded Napoleon. At the end of the battle, Napoleon lost his title of Emperor, was exiled to the island of Saint Helena, and died approximately six years
There were “special units who were positioned behind their own lines and charged with shooting any soldier who tried to flee” (Andrews). Any soldier who tried to leave was called a traitor and will be executed if they ever returned to Russia. Hitler thought the Russians were weak based off of the attempt of the invasion of Finland. Joseph Stalin, however, was a cruel dictator. On December 6th, 1941, the Russians set a major counterattack on the Germans, forcing them to move back from
This resulted in Napoleon’s men being defeated by a force that included Prussian, Swedish, Austrian, and Russian troops in the Battle of Nations. On April 6, 1814, Napoleon was forced to step down from the throne. He was then exiled to the island of Elba; shorter than a year later, Napoleon planned an escape and returned to Paris once again. Wanting desperately to regain his power, Napoleon began, what is known as, the Hundred Days Campaign. He created a new army and planned an attack.
Napoleon invaded Russia on june 24th 1812 in hopes of taking control of the vast empire. He did not know what Russia’s winter had in store for him and his men. 200,010 men died. He was forced to retreat in december of 1812. Hitler did not learn form the mistakes of Napoleon.
The bloodshed and carnage of WWI was still fresh in the minds of Europe. Russia had recently gone through a revolution that destroyed the monarchy, and put the leader of the Bolsheviks, the party that led the revolution, in charge. His name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin. Lenin and the Bolsheviks practiced communism, the belief a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production. In other words, there is no privately owned property, and all property is owned by the state.
HOW DID JOSEPH STALIN RISE TO POWER One of the major keys to Stalin's rise to power was his title as the General Secretary of the Communist Party. He gained this title in 1922 In 1924 when Lenin died it was expected that Trotsky would resume the role of leadership. Stalin schemed his way into power by using his General Secretary title and other political moves. He was a harsh man from the very beginning. He didn't attend his mother's funeral and he did not make any efforts to save his son from a prisoner of war camp.
The killings were done to prevent any riots. When a Polish general asked for his soldiers back. But the USSR said on December 1941 that the officer had escaped. When the Nazis got this forest in 1943, and found the massive graves they immediately blamed the USSR. The next year, the Soviets took this forest back and said that the invading Nazi’s killed the officers.
About 6 million people died from the government-engineered famine. Stalin eliminate the Kulaks because they didn’t support him to show that he did controll Ukraine. In 1937 and 1938 the French ambassador attended the public trials that were a part of the “Great Purges”. He wrote “The lessons they (the accused) recited must have been forced from them... It is most likely the GPU [secret police] touched at his weak point...Some would give in to save their families, others in the hope of saving their own lives.” (Document 9) This is saying that at the trials, and outside of the trials people were being controlled by the secret police and desperately trying to keep their families
Taft’s antitrust lawsuit against U.S. Steel was the last straw for Roosevelt. Roosevelt believed Taft’s breaking up of the the trust was destroying the carefully crafted system that he had established. Progressives soon convinced Roosevelt to reenter politics. February 1912, Roosevelt announced that he would be entering the presidential campaign of 1912 in an attempt to replace Taft as the Republican nominee for
This makes no sense. World War I had radically altered the political European map, with the defeat of the Central Powers—including Austria-Hungary, Germany and the Ottoman Empire—and the 1917 Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia, which eventually led to the founding of the Soviet Union. Meanwhile, the victorious Allies of World War I, such as France, Belgium, Italy, Greece and Romania, gained territory, and new nation-states were created out of the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman and Russian
A revolution was sparked, and led to the abdication of Nicholas II. When he abdicated, meaning he renounced the throne, he hoped his brother would rule until Alexei, Nicholas II’s son, would be old enough to take over. When Nicholas II’s brother refused to take the throne, the power was turned over to the Provisional Government. The government soon became chaos, with people splitting into different sides. The Bolsheviks, a group led by Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov, rose to power.
By the 1800’s the empire that was then controlled by Sultan Abdul Hamid powers had declined but still took hold of Armenia. By the 1890s Armenian scholars from overseas demanded a constitutional government and an end to discriminatory laws in their homeland. This resulted in a furious Sultan ordering the massacre of 100,000 Amanien villagers. Soon after In July of 1908 Sultans viscous reign came to an end when Turkish Nationalist known as ‘Young Turks’ named Mehmef Talaat, Ismail Enver, and Ahmed Djemal forced the nation into a constitutional government yet seized control themselves and created a dictatorship. There was a sudden rise
He bestowed upon Goering the title of ‘Marshal of the Empire’ in 1940. However, Goering lost his titles and position in April of 1945, in the last year of the war. He tried to take his place as Hitler’s successor, after believing that Hitler was politically disabled in Berlin, but the leader of the Third Reich retaliated by quickly placing Goering under house arrest. After Hitler committed suicide on April 30th, 1945, Goering quickly surrendered to the Allied Troops and was tried at Nuremberg, Germany. He was sentenced to a death by hanging, but escaped the indignity by committing suicide.
However, even as impartial as the United States began, it officially entered the fray in 1917, three years after the fighting began with an almost unanimous decision for war in both the Senate and House of Congress, with the former being 82 to 6 and the latter, 373 to 50. President Woodrow Wilson had no choice in being involved in World War I after countless amounts of American deaths and German excuses. Dozens of U.S. ships and boats were damaged or even destroyed, even after Germany passed a law that outlawed any kind of violence directed towards ships, but regardless, they continued to attack ships and offer unsympathetic excuses. This in itself angered the Americans after Germans guaranteed them that all the destruction of ships with American passengers were ‘accidental and unintentional’. Three of the most infamous are the destruction of William P. Frye, a private American ship, the Lusitania, a British cruise ship, and the American cruise line, the Housatonic, all of which involved American casualties and ultimately, led the country into declaring war against Germany.