These people ranged from his own army officers to the countries peasants. Stalin knew that mixed in with his followers were people who could turn against him at any time. To pick those people out, he set up fake organizations that were told to help topple the government. In over a thirty year time period, Stalin killed about ten million people. In 1936 Joseph Stalin produced a new constitution for the Soviet Union.
The Kapp Putsch was a threat from the right-wing and took place on the 20th of March in 1920 and was lead by Wolfgang Kapp. Kapp lead 5000 Freikorps (anti communist ex-soldiers) into Berlin which was a direct threat to the Weimar government. The army then refused to fire on the Freikorps and it seemed like Ebert’s government was going to fail however the people then went on strike and everything came to a halt. After
The most famous one was the Chairman of the State Duma, Mikhail Rodzianko, he said to his emperor: “I implore you my sovereign, banish this dirty interloper from the court.” The Czar then replied: “No, I cannot promise you that.” Mistakes followed by mistakes, Nicholas II’s reign started to ruin when he decided to command the troops in World War I and leave the whole of Russia to his wife and Rasputin as adviser. The Czar’s foolish in “leaving the inexperienced and untalented Alexandra to run the empire along with the evil and ambitious Rasputin” paved the way for the destruction of the 300 year-long Romanov dynasty. That was
After that was the Trial of the Seventeen (January 1937). As told in (Scales, Diann, "Stalin and the purges")This time the accused were charged with plotting the forcible overthrow of the Soviet government with the aid of Germany and Japan, While also planning the restoration of capitalism in the USSR. The third trial was of Red Army generals, including Marshal Tukhachevsky (June 1937). (Scales, Diann, "Stalin and the purges) informs us that there actually was no trial held. The Party press merely declared that the eight generals were accused of espionage on behalf of Germany and Japan, anti-party conspiracy, cooperation with Trotsky, and plotting the territorial dismemberment of the USSR.
One of the main things that Lenin is known for is being one of the founding fathers of Communism and for being the leader of the Bolshevik Party. The Bolshevik Party was established during the Russian Revolution to overtake the Provisional Government because of their inability to keep up with their commitments to the Russian citizens. When
Both went to the extreme in killing those that were not supportive of their cause, like during the Reign of Terror, and the killing of the whites by the Cheka. However, they were different in that the Russian Revolution was successful in achieving its goal after the failure at the first attempt with the provisional government, but the French Revolution was an overall failure. The Russian Revolution
Cheka At the end of December 1917 Soviet authorities formed The Cheka, the Extraordinary Ordinary combined security police and function with a sort of political army. After the Russian Revolution it was obviously that not everyone wanted Lenin as their leader. So Lenin had to do something in order to hold the power.
Only once over the series of the letters is a reference made about a citizen of Russia. On June 6th 1916, the empress briefly mentions the rising fair of a toll through a town “instead of 5 kopeeks now one must pay 10 kopeeeks and that’s not fair upon the poor people” . Another unpopular move by the tsarist government was the introduction of prohibition. It was introduced to try reduce the rising levels of alcoholism among the Russian population. In 1914 the Tsarist Duma passed a law which entitled “the banning of manufacture and sale of sprits, alcoholic drinks and other products containing ethanol”
This incident was called the Armenian genocide. In 1908, a nationalist reform group called the ‘Young Turks’ forced the Sultan to implement a constitutional government and a guarantee of basic rights to all. Then the Young Turks overthrew this government in 1913, angling to unite all Turkish people and expand their empire through the Caucasus and into Central Asia. They sought to create a new empire, called Turan, with one language and one religion. The government branded the Christian Armenians as ‘infidels,’ and Islamic extremists staged violent anti-Armenian demonstrations throughout the region.
Stalin and Napoleon both also tried to re-write history by controlling the media (or in Napoleon’s case, through Squealer’s propaganda), inserting themselves as victorious leaders and discrediting their rivals. Furthermore, both Napoleon and Stalin lived a luxurious lifestyle while their countries were going through
Jeremey Morlender was presumed dead after going to Soviet Russia, when in fact, he had defected to Russia’s greatness. After being attacked, Vivian Orton was revealed to having a secret identity in order to infiltrate Russia. Jack Kressling orchestrated a mass genocide of Soviet Leaders so that he could re-establish Russia’s former rulers to keep trade with them. Shaginian generated a representation of capitalist America as a place of deception and
Russian Revolution In 1922, as a result of the Russian Revolution, a new political party emerged: the USSR or the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was the world’s first communist state. Communism was a new political and economic model that was supposed to get rid of class distinction. From the beginning, communism opposed capitalism and capitalist countries like the United States. The Russian Revolution united the socialists against the capitalists, with the USSR, a communist country, siding with the socialists.
In the early nineteen hundreds, Russia was ruled by Czar Nicholas II. He was the last in line of a long line of monarchs called Romanovs. By 1915 , most of the Russian people had lost complete faith in the Czar. Many factors include the corruption of the Russian government, approximately 3 quarters of Russia was poverty stricken, substandard working conditions and wages, and the dreadful involvement in World War I. Russia’s political problems during the Russian Revolution caused a major shift in people’s lives government, and religion. In 1917, there were two revolutions that took place in March and October.
World War I altered the lives of millions of people in one way or another, even if they were not fighting on the front lines. The citizens of European countries involved in the war saw and felt the economic, social, and political repercussions of war. The war was started due to militarism, an entangled web of alliances, strong senses of nationalism, imperialism, and the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. In the early years of the war, the battles were glorified throughout most of Europe, while in the later years of the war, the people at home were tried of the negative effects of the war consuming their own lives; throughout Russia, however, there was a negative rhetoric from the beginning of the war. Europe was war-hungry
Post WWl, Russia was still not industrialized, suffering economically and politically and in no doubt in need of a leader after Lenin’s death. “His successor, Joseph Stalin, a ruthless dictator, seized power and turned Russia into a totalitarian state where the government controls all aspects of private and public life.” Stalin showed these traits by using methods of enforcement, state control of individuals and state control of society. The journey of Stalin begins now.