On the eve of the Civil War, the South was determined to protect what they considered their way of life. This way of life included their right to slaves, which they felt the North was threatening (OpenStax, 2016). The South generally felt that the North was attacking them, and this belief only strengthened after Lincoln’s election. The Northerners, specifically the Republican Northerners, were determined to stop the expansion of slavery. When the South seceded, Lincoln declared that they could not secede, and fought to bring them back to the Union (OpenStax, 2016).
“The war that ensued started at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, and lasted four years”(Confederate.., pg1). The North and South were quite different, so during the Civil war, each side had advantages politically, socially, economically, and demographically. One of the Advantages the North had was Political. The South seceded from the Union because they feared the end to slavery, so when they left the union they had no government. After all of the states seceded, they announced the creation of the Confederate States of America.
These issues were not addressed by the document since the southern representatives wanted to continue holding slaves. Conversely, the northern representatives wanted to retain the Union and abolish slavery. For instance, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe supported the American Colonization Society that was formed by abolitionists (Norton 211). Jefferson and Monroe also supported the unity of the Union. Conclusion The Missouri Compromise only led to a balance between slave-holding and slave-free states but failed to address the issue of slavery permanently.
However, the North would not accept a document that favored the South, so Buchanan was greatly challenged. His policy was that slavery was for individual states and territories to deal with, not for the Federal government. He thought the problems could be resolved quickly and easily, which was a majorly incorrect assumption. Also during his presidency, political parties changed, the Democrats breaking up and the Republicans taking out the Whig
Southerners in 1861 in South Carolina had seceded from the Union and did not want a Union Fort in the South. Fighting broke out when the Union soldiers refused to surrender Fort Sumter. Initially President Abraham Lincoln wanted to believe that the reason for war was that the North was fighting to save the Union and not to free slaves. Yes, the Civil War was initially about slavery. However, the President and the Confederates tried unsuccessfully to portray that slavery was not the main cause of conflict and that is wasn’t the primary cause of the Civil War.
The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
The Emancipation Proclamation needed a constitutional amendment to guarantee abolishment of all slavery in the United States since the Proclamation could not do that itself (Guelzo, 2005). In conclusion, Emancipation Proclamation did not free the slaves, but the slaves freed themselves. The Proclamation process was an essential step in the abolishment of the slavery in America, although it was not the reason why the slavery ended. The document motivated the enslaved individuals and freed African American people to join the Union, which eventually became a war for freedom. Determinations and preservation of the slaves across the country struck fear in the eyes of the Confederacy (Carnahan, 2007).
After the victory over Mexico the nation wanted to know if Mexico was going to become a slavery state. Southerner were interested in Mexico becoming a slavery state, which Northerner strongly disagreed with. Many people knew a victory would bring forth new territory. Northerner and Southerner began to argue why or why shouldn’t it become a slavery state. Northerners thought that they could stop slavery from occurring in Mexico because it never existed.
After the 1860 election, Lincoln made a firm public decision not to accept the expansion of slavery into the territories. In other words, Lincoln 's early position as president was that, slavery could remain in current slave states but could not expand to new states or territories. Although, Lincoln’s views on slavery often shifted some of them seemed to contradict one another. On another note, current slave states could vouch to keep things the way that they are but, Lincoln still felt that if a nation was divided it would be almost impossible to survive. Lincoln 's views at this time were politically motivated, and they focused on ending the war and preserving the Union.
Before the Civil War Officially began Lincoln was elected president of the United States. Lincoln stated his belief that secession was both wrong and unconstitutional (Hart). Lincoln opposed slavery and in his campaigns he had said he would abolish slavery in the western territories. The south didn’t like that Lincoln was trying to prevent the growth of slavery and that meant they couldn’t buy slaves in the territories. The Civil War helped to end
8 Powerpoint). This was a problem for the south, because they relied on slaves for profit and moving westward would allow the southern states to gain more slave states. Although The Tallamadge Amendment prohibited slavery, if passed, southern congressman threatened and this could lead to civil war, but the Tallamadge Amendment was never passed. This foreshadowed Missouri to become more of a slave state because southern states pushed for Missouri to become a slave