There have been many different rulers for many different civilizations throughout all of humanity. Some of these rulers have been great rulers, and they will forever be known as great. However, with the good comes the bad, and there have been some really bad rulers throughout history.
Tiberius or Tiberius Claudius Nero was born on November 16, 42 B.C.E. and died on March 16, 37 A.D, he was the son of Livia, wife of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. Although Tiberius was adopted by Augustus, if there was any other alternative to the throne Tiberius would have been overlooked. After Tiberius became emperor himself, he established the concept of a ruler as god and improved the Roman economy, though his erratic behavior made him unpopular with citizens and the senate. Tiberius was a very capable military leader and a sensible civic leader who tried to restrain the budget, but he was severe and unpopular. He is known for treason trials, sexual perversion, and shirking his responsibility by going into isolation.
Cleopatra VII: Face or Power Figure Some see her as the most powerful Pharaoh in all of the other rulers in ancient Egypt. Some see her as a petty, weak female ruler who gave up her dynasty to the Romans for her lovers. Although both sides hold some form of truth, Cleopatra was a ruler like none other. Even today, historians argue about this, possibly because, even though she had brought Egypt great power and political stability, she eventually lost it to the Romans.
Contrary to popular beliefs, the women of ancient Rome had more autonomy than believed. In fact, “Roman women of all classes had much greater personal freedom than women in other parts of the Mediterranean”. Unlike the Greek women, they had “private” rights such as the right to owning/selling a property in her own name, suing for a divorce and the right to make a will or be beneficiary in a will. Which, compared to women's rights today, this is hardly a dent. The women belonged to the “pater familias” (head of the household or father) and needed their permission to do business.
Justinian Justinian the Great also known as Saint Justinian the Great was a Byzantine Emperor that ruled the Eastern Roman empire from 527-565. Justinian was believed to be born around August 1, 482 to his mother Vigilantia and his father Sabbatius. He was born in Tauresium, Dardania. Justinian lived until he was about 82/83 years old, and died on November 15, 565. Justinian was thought to be adopted by his uncle Justin.
Artemisia Gentileschi's depiction of “Judith slaying Holofernes” is my favorite over Caravaggio's “Judith beheading Holofernes” because of the absolute bloodletting portrayed in her own version. In my own opinion, Artemisia Gentileschi's “Judith slaying Holofernes” is the most powerful Baroque painting considering Gentileschi's dark past. Allow me to provide such back story of this woman, and her undeniable genius. Artemisia Gentileschi had been born July 8th, of 1593. She had been an accomplished Baroque painter, despite her being a female painter in the 1600's.
Wallace-Hadrill makes the argument that the seat of Augustus’s empire, the Imperial home on the Palatine Hill, was where the sovereignty of the emperor would become the most effective. When Augustus garnered control of the Roman Empire, the aristocracy of Rome—both the friends and enemies of the emperor-- flocked to his side in hopes of joining his Imperial court. Each courtier had a varying degree of intimacy with Augustus; the closer one was to him, the more of his borrowed authority they could access. Successful courtiers were masters of manipulation who could maneuver through positions and relationships to ingratiate themselves to the court and to the emperor. In the Imperial court, being close to the emperor and being powerful were synonymous.
Cleopatra: The Most Powerful Woman in the Ancient World Cleopatra VII was one of the most powerful women in history whose reign brought Egypt nearly twenty-two years of stability and prosperity. Throughout history much of her success has been discredited and she has instead been depicted as a seductress who used copulation to obtain power. Cleopatra was crowned queen at the age of eighteen and essentially controlled the entire eastern Mediterranean coast. She inherited a kingdom in decline and had the difficult task of salvaging Egypt. Through her incredible intellect and resourcefulness she was able to make a positive difference in her kingdom.
The career of Agrippina the Younger was successful, her achievements and honours are a testament to her success. For the majority of her life, Agrippina became a very powerful and influential person even as a woman in Ancient Rome. Her Julio-Claudian linage was the major factor which allowed Agrippina’s power and influence to flourish, being the great granddaughter of Emperor Augustus, and daughter of Agrippina the Elder and Germanicus meant that she already had an established foundation of success in Rome. Her controversial role meant that she challenged the standards of her time, and this represented a crucial stage not only in the development of her power, but also for the women who would succeed her. Several busts depict Agrippina with physical