Joseph Lister contributed a major advancement in the science community. His research has a big role in modern medicine. His advancement has saved many patients lives since his
Robert Koch discovered tuberculosis in 1882. In 1870 Tuberculosis was a dreaded disease in the United States. Tuberculosis was known to be communicable and incurable. According to Maurer & Smith (2013), Tuberculosis was the primary cause of death among adolescent and adults. Physicians throughout the nineteenth century had recommended fresh air, rest, and healthy food (pg. 41). The following paragraphs will discuss what the communicable disease is and the demographic of interest. Also, discuss the determinants of health and how those factors contribute to the development of Tuberculosis. The epidemiologic triangle will be discussed as it relates to Tuberculosis. Furthermore, the role of the community health nurse will be explained. Lastly,
One of the substantial sponsors of the sciences was Louis XIV. A drawing published in 1671 illustrates that Louis XIV, during his reign, established the French Royal Academy where people who care to study came together to collaborate with one another (D10). Louis’s visit to the academy showed his pride and care for science because he wanted to get something out of it. Whether it was to be wealthier or simply to be better than another country, the more discoveries the country made, the stronger the country. In a letter written by Jean Baptiste Colbert, the French finance minister under Louis XIV, he expressed that “in displaying at home and abundance of wealth in the causing the arts and sciences to flourish, we have been persuaded for many years to establish several academies for both letters of science” (D11). Due to the support of the government, scientific thoughts, experiments, and discoveries continued to flourish and made the country
“In the late 1800 and early 1900's, infectious diseases were the most serious threat to health and well being.” Until the late 1900’s the leading cause of death was communicable diseases. As doctors gain more knowledge about medicine the death rate of those disease has substantially decreased. The three main illnesses of the 1800’s-1900’s were scarlet fever, tuberculosis, and chicken pox, yet a positive outcome from these horrendous sicknesses were antibiotics, remedies, and vaccines.
Louis Pasteur made our entire world safer. The vaccines that he developed have saved many, many, lives and will continue to do so in the future. This applies as well to agricultural diseases such as anthrax and chicken cholera. So many more people and animals would no longer be alive without Pasteur's research and investigation about these diseases and more.
Claudia Kalb’s article “ Do No Harm,” published in the October 4, 2010, issue of Society, discuses the healthcare professionals’ defensive behavior that causes the malpractices among patients. Kalb reports that since the Health system’s applied the lawyer Boothman’s program of “ disclosure and compensation,” then the number of lawsuits reduced as well as the legal- defense costs have dropped around 61 percent. In 1999, there were around 100,000 Americans people are killed from the preventable medical errors, noted Kalb. Also, the header of Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services even claims that there won’t be any refund to the hospitals for preventable medical error cases. According to Kalb, Harvard’s Institute for Professionalism and
Antisepsis wasn’t the only way to prevent illness. By the end of the 18th century people had found a way to try to prevent smallpox, a disease that had caused around 60 million deaths in Europe in that century alone. They had noticed that the survivors of smallpox never developed the disease again, so they began to scratch small pieces of smallpox sores into their skin, which would give them a mild case of smallpox, so they wouldn’t develop full-blown smallpox later. This was called variolation. They only problem was that sometimes it would cause a full-blown case instead of a mild one.
When the bubonic plague first arrived no-one knew what the cause was. The physicians at the time thought the plague was caused by “body fluids being out of balance” (Chapter Three: GREAT PLAGUES
A chemist, innovator, and microbiologist, Louis Pasteur brought forth a wide number of accomplishments; large and small. A list of the most renowned achievements includes the discovery and invention of pasteurization, vaccines for both rabies and anthrax, and germ theory; all significant advances in the world of science.
The era of medicine before the Civil War wasn’t beneficial. They had just started common practices and having few uneducated nurses. When entering the Civil War diseases and hygiene became a huge problem for the soldiers on the front lines since doctors had little knowledge about medicine. Amputation, Lewis Sayre, and diseases aided the construct of modern medicine from the Civil War.
Known as the “Black Death,” one of the most devastating plague pandemic wiped out approximately 30 to 60 percent of the European population, peaking in between 1348 and 1350 . It caused massive religious, social, and economic, upheaval in the European society causing great changes in the European culture and lifestyle1. Finally, when after three and a half years the first wave passed in 1351, it spared few regions causing devastation in towns, rural communities, families, and religious institutions .
Louis Pasteur is largely credited with the Germ Theory of disease, a monomorphist theory that became entrenched in modern medicine, which is highly ironic, since conventional medicine has been blind to the fact that microorganisms could possibly have anything to do with causing cancer - until quite recently. Louis Pasteur was destined to be right in his time.
A man that saved thousands of lives with his research and studies to develop a vaccine came about in the 1950’s. Dr.jonas Salk developed an effective vaccine to prevent polio, he may have also help save thousands of lives in the far future. From his man alone I believe that there are many more great thing to come about in the 1950’s.
At the end of the 18th century, all that had changed with one breakthrough discovery. In 1798, a medical scientist by the name of Edward Jenner introduced the first successful vaccine. This vaccine was developed in order to fight the war against the Smallpox disease. His innovation consisted of cowpox material, a disease closely related to smallpox, that would create immunity to smallpox. When injected into the human body, T-lymphocytes and antibodies were produced in order to fight off the cowpox material. Thus, if smallpox were to be introduced into the body, the immune system would already have a defense mechanism that has the ability to destroy the disease. Fast-forward two hundred years and an incredible advancement in technology, this vaccine resulted in the elimination of smallpox.
Louis Pasteur, a French chemist and biologist, has perhaps made more of an impact on the prevention of disease than any other human. His contributions to germ theory and the development of vaccines have contributed to millions of lives being saved and some formerly disastrous diseases, like smallpox, being nearly eradicated.