He graduated from Sanford University and lived in China for a time aiding in humanitarian efforts during the Boxer Rebellion. He was eventually appointed as the head of the Food Administration by President Wilson. He served in other influential roles before being selected as the Republican nominee in 1928. He was elected the 31st President of the United States.
Tam set a goal for himself; for example, he wanted to liberate his country, and he did not let difficulties defeat him. Growing up, Tam developed his exemplary personality by looking for ways to become a professional military master. His parents were very poor, but they were known for their king-stewardship. Inheriting from his family’s background, Tam developed a scholar character. Although he started his youth at as a diligent student, he strove to be
Shellen Wu, discusses Ferdinand von Richthofen and how he, as a German geologist, was the first person to create a geological map out China, making almost a treasure map of the coal under the feet of the Chinese people. Dr. Wu earned both of her degrees at very prestigious universities, and on top of that, her interest and focus on Chinese history makes her and her article credible sources of information. This article of Dr. Wu’s, as well as the other readings in our history class, have all linked back to one theme, and that is “how have technological advancements throughout history changed the world?” Ferdinand von Richthofen, like many before him, is a pioneer of science, and without him, who knows when China might have discovered their massive amounts of coal? Without these pioneers in science, many of the things we have today may have never been discovered, or invented, and life might be so much different than
He was a merchant of Venice which was a popular seaport during the 13th century in Europe. Archer (2011) explained, "The three travellers started from the coast of Syria, and made their way through Armenia and Persia to the famous city of Baghdad"(p.18). They crossed multiple cities of great repute including Kashgar, Khotan, and Yarkand which were also popular trading centers of that period. They even crossed the Gobi desert and reached China to meet Kublai Khan, a Mongol Emperor. He later wrote a book that includes vivid descriptions of the distant lands.
The Silk Roads played an important role in connecting Afro-Eurasia, both culturally and economically. The term “Silk Roads” was first used by Baron Ferdinand von Richtofen, a German geographer from the 19th century. He created the phrase to describe the routes between India, China, and the Mediterranean, which were used to transport items such as silk, livestock, glass, and precious metals. Historians have speculated that the roads might have been used as early as 2000 B.C.E. In the last century B.C.E., the Silk Roads experienced a golden age.
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA The Great Wall of China is more than 6,000 km long and runs from the Yalu River on the border with North Korea to the Gobi Desert. The Great Wall was built to protect the Han Chinese people from Manchurian and Mongolian invaders. Minor kings, called warlords, built individual walls to defend their territories during the period of the Warring States (403 BCE to 220 BCE). These individual walls were connected into one Great Wall by the first Chinese emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi, during the latter part of his reign (246 BCE to 208 BCE).
Red Scarf Girl, by Ji-Li Jiang, is an autobiography about Jiang’s life during the time of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. She lived in Shanghai, China, with her family. The time period of the Chinese Cultural Revolution was a ten year span from 1966 to 1976. It was a political movement launched by the Chairman of the Communist Party in China, Mao Zedong. His goal was to protect the Communist ideology in China.
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China, which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce. As the Silk Road was not a single thoroughfare from east to west, the term 'Silk Routes’ has become increasingly favored by historians, though 'Silk Road’ is the more common and recognized name. Both terms for this network of roads were coined by the German geographer and traveler, Ferdinand von Richthofen, in 1877 CE, who designated them 'Seidenstrasse’ (silk road) or 'Seidenstrassen’ (silk routes). The network was used regularly from 130 BCE, when the Han officially opened trade with the west, to 1453 CE, when the Ottoman Empire boycotted trade with the west and closed the routes.
China was part of a trade route called the Great Silk Road which connected it with Europe. The compass, porcelain, gunpowder was some of the Chinese inventions that made their way to Europe through The Great Silk Road. The Yongle emperor Zhu Di of the Ming dynasty had a favorite servant, Zheng He whom he sent of voyages to expand trade contacts, establish relationships with other foreign powers and bring back precious goods for the emperor. SO in 1405 they launched the first of seven voyages of explorations.
Dunhuang is a city in China where I experienced major Buddhist activity and where the first of my silk counterparts were traded off. Dunhuang was a vibrant city at the crossroads of the silk road where travelers had to decide to take the northern or southern route around the Taklamakan desert. As we were traveling south we saw the Mogao caves these caves were numerous, I think I counted about 500 caves, I head the merchant 's talking about them. The leader had told the others they were founded by monks who needed a place to keep the records they were taking of the silk road and the events going on in the world right now. I also saw a lot of architecture including gates such as the Jade and Yuang.
In 246 BCE Prince Zheng ascended to the Qin throne and lead the dynasty to vanquish all enemies and unite China under one ruler, himself, "The First Emperor," for the first time in history. It's debatable whether Emperor Zheng was one of the greats, but he wanted to be as he expressed good morals according to Confucian standards by climbing up five mountains, also known as his, "expeditions." At every mountaintop, Zheng carved his accomplishments on stone and left it there for the world to see. This act supported not only his dynasty, but the Confucianism teachings which believed the role of all great rulers was to lead their subjects in ritual. Heacily influenced by legalist teachings, Emperor Zheng also demonstrated more control over his subjects than previous
Discovered in March, 1974 – the funereal army of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China includes a massive collection of eight thousand soldiers, over a hundred chariots and distinct horses, and several officials, acrobats and courtesans as a man-made site of tribute to one of the most influential historical figures of the region. A group of farmers uncovered the site, but much remains buried still – partly owing to reverence towards the emperor. It is part of an entire necropolis built around what is believed to be an auspicious site for the emperor’s mausoleum. Gold and Jade mines flank the landscape. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum in Lintong, Xian, Shaanxi Province.
The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.
Foreign imperialism impacted the Qing Dynasty significantly politically, economically, and socially, and also played a large role in the fall of the Qing Dynasty. The aftermath of the Opium Wars against Britain (and France) were arguably what forced China’s doors open to western influence, allowing foreign ideas to spread within China. From a political standpoint, the first and second Opium Wars dramatically altered the international relations between Qing China and the European powers. The end of the Opium Wars saw the Treaty of Nanjing and Tianjin signed, forcing the traditionally isolationist and inward Qing China to allow European powers in. China was demanded to surrender Hong Kong, open a total of fifteen treaty ports and allow foreigners to travel freely in the interior of China.
The Silk Road began in the 2nd century BCE with the diplomatic missions of Zhang Qian sent by the Han Emperor. The Silk Road was largely fragmented, commodities carried by merchants of many countries on the Silk Road from present day China to present day Turkey. The interaction of these different cultures created a cultural diffusion that can be seen in the resulting names, tools, jewelry, luxuries and house wares that these different societies adopted. Silk was one of the most important items traded along the Silk Road. Once the Silk Road was open techniques of weaving the silken thread did not begin to spread because this material was similar to that used by cloth weavers.