David Nacson 213578794 AP/HUMA 1170 Section M Professor Tanya Taylor Sunday February 4, 2018 The Paradox Effect of the Printing Press During the period of the Renaissance or the Early Modern Period which occurred from c. 1300-1650, it was the Age of Invention, the Age of Discovery of Exploration, and the Age of Reform. It was a time where people like Johannes Gutenberg, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and … , who were from different backgrounds and careers, wanted to explore how things work or to find more efficient ways of how things should work. As a result, that leads them to invent, reform, or discover new ideas that has shaped modern society today and has made our lives easier in every way. Each one of them had their own culture,
Martin Luther had committed to an idea, that salvation could only be reached thru faith and grace. Acting on this belief he wrote the “Disputation on the Power and Effiacy of Indulgences,” also known as ‘The 95 Theses.” This was a list of questions and proposistions for debate. It was said that Luther had the first copy on October 31, 1517 nailed on the Wittenburg Castle church. They think he hung it up there because to announce the academic and what it was organizing.
When making decisions regarding who to choose as our next elected officials, one of the first qualities we scrutinize is their judgment, using our own judgment to do so. However, in a nonsecular society in which judgment of a religious authority is essentially the judgment of a divine power, there is significantly less room for scrutiny. The authority of any figure with political power stems from the judgment of the community over which it rules. For instance, if the community believes in the absolute authority of God, then the judgment of God is what gives the judgment of the church or any religious leader authority. A large aspect of the authority that made the Catholic Church such a prominent religious and political force during the early 16th century was called into question by Martin Luther.
had some migrants choose to live in enclaves with their own culture as a way to keep away from discrimination, to preserve culture, and to some extent remain separate from other cultures. This can also be known as patchwork migration German Protestants that belonged to the Lutheran and Reformed churches begun to arrive in America during the colonial period. Many of the German settlers of the colonial period were, however, members of various nonconformist sects who in many cases fled Europe to escape persecution by the authorities and the established churches there, whether Protestant or Catholic. The migration of Protestant Germans started after October 1517. This was when a German priest and scholar Martin Luther nailed to the church door in Wittenberg, a city in eastern Germany, his list of ninety-five theses, or statements, questioning the practices of the Roman Catholic Church.
In every period of history, critics have called for reform of the church. Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, absenteeism are only a few problems presented in the Roman Catholic Church. It was only a matter of time before someone would take notice. That someone just happened to be Martin Luther. He ignited the further events of the Protestant Reformation.
Similar to Galileo, Martin Luther also questioned the Catholic church. Luther chose early in life to dedicate himself to the monastic life, however, he found a real surprise when he realized that the monks around him cared very little for others. A large number of the monks had used the title to become lazy and gluttonous, but they weren’t the only members of the church to abandon their true calling. To construct Saint Peter's Basilica, Pope Leo X gave permission to the Archbishop to sell indulgences. The Indulgences were sold as a way to be removed of all sin and they ensured entry to heaven.
authority (sola scriptura) for the faith. “By faith and by scripture alone became the watchwords of the Reformation”8. By stating all of the above, Luther wanted to show the world that there was no need for intermediaries when it comes to belief and God. The word of God and faith did not have to pass through Church or state authorities.
The Protestant Reformation was a revolt in Europe against the control of the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic Church dominated religious life in Europe. Many felt that Church leaders focused on political power rather than on spiritual duties. Many criticized the Catholic Church’s political power and its actions. Martin Luther’s actions started the reformation.
In the year 1517, Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation because the people were angry that the Pope was focusing on worldly things. Many priests were illiterate and as more people learned how to read, they found it hard to respect a priest who couldn’t even read the Bible. These things contributed to the start of the Reformation, but the main causes were the problems with indulgences, the Pope being power hungry, and the Church becoming corrupt. The first cause of the Protestant Reformation was the wrongs with indulgences.