The Montgomery Bus Boycott started early in December, 1955. Martin Luther was still a young minister, but his ability to organize people in peaceful protest became immediately obvious. On the same day the boycott began, King was appointed president of the Montgomery Improvement Association. The Montgomery Improvement Association was a collective group of black pastors and local leaders. Its initial theme become the bus boycott drew national attention to racial inequality.
In 1964 Martin Luther King Jr gratefully (Ly adverb) won the peace prize, Then King got murdered after he gave his “Mountaintop” Speech, King was murdered on April 4,1968 he was shot in the and died instantly. The civil rights movement was having a freedom 's struggle because (because clause) there was a lot of “Whites Only” on certain doors which (which clause) meant that no blacks were allowed in that place or restaurant. Congress sent out soldiers to protect African American students from the angry Caucasian police and people. (1 sentence opener) There are 3 important people named John F. Kennedy, Ruby Bridges, and John Lewis. John F Kennedy is one of the hero’s that had a huge struggle with
James Earl Ray was an escaped convict who pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in prison for the murder of Martin Luther King Jr. King was one of the most important African American leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his nonviolent activism for the justice of African Americans. His legacy is often best portrayed by his help in the Civil Rights Act. King is also remembered for his March on Washington speech, often remembered as his “I Have a Dream” speech. In 1983 President Nixon signed a bill that created a U.S. federal holiday for King.
He was convicted of incest in 2008 after his daughter, Aaralyn Mills, spoke out about herself being violated by Bevel. On December 19, 2008, 72, Bevel died (in prison) in Springfield, Virginia due to pancreatic cancer. (“James Bevel”) Gordon--3 Overall, James Bevel opened the eye of the public very well to the amount of abuse black people took. Bevel began protesting early in his life and had a big impact throughout his life, even after activism. It’s clear that the actions Bevel made influenced the amount of publication of the horrible abuse towards black people during the Civil Rights
Martin Luther King Jr. has reigned in the hearts of African Americans for decades, and even up to this present day Dr. King still remains a prominent figure that changed the course of African American history. Martin Luther King Jr., the second of three children born to Alberta Christine Williams and Michael King Sr., was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. Growing up, Dr. King had to endure the hardships that African Americans in the south had to deal with during the 1940s, due to the Jim Crow law and racial segregation. He first encountered segregation when he was six years old when he was told that him and his favorite playmate where attending different school and could no longer play together because he was “colored.” M.L. attended Booker T. Washington High School where he started to develop a sense of individuality and an affinity for public speaking.
One historical event we have studied this year was the Montgomery Bus Boycott which began on December 5th 1955 and ended on December 20th 1956 in Montgomery, Alabama. African Americans had been discriminated against since slavery began in 1619, and even after slavery was abolished in 1863, black people still faced extreme racism every day. An example of this is the enforced segregation of public buses. The front section of the buses were for white passengers and the back section was for Black passengers. Although black people made up 70% of the passengers of public buses, if the bus was full and a white person wanted to get on then the black people would have to give up their seats for the whites and stand.
During the late 1960’s, Birmingham was the most segregated city in the United States. Riddled with high racial tension throughout the city, it gained its name of “Bombingham.” This was due to the fact that there were 60 unsolved bombings. With the city of Birmingham in ruins Martin Luther king was quoted in his Letter from Birmingham Jail, “I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham.” Martin Luther king used the misfortune in birmingham in order bring out reform and revamp the civil rights movement. In his famous text “ Letter from A Birmingham Jail,” Martin Luther King Jr makes use of rhetorical strategies, especially in the fourteenth paragraph. In order to help illustrate the frustration that
“....She was charged with ‘refusing to obey orders of bus driver.’.... Her arrest became a rallying point around which the African American community organized a bus boycott in protest of the discrimination they had endured for years…. For a quiet act of defiance that resonated throughout the world, Rosa Parks is known and revered as the ‘Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.’” (“An Act of Courage”). Another event that took place to change society was “The Greensboro Sit-Ins.” Four black men, known as the “Greensboro Four,” got the idea for a sit-in from the fight for racial equality, and they “...had also been spurred to action by the brutal murder in 1955 of a young black boy, Emmett Till…” (“The Greensboro Sit-Ins”). Even though the four men were not given service, the men did not give up their seats.
Board of Education case, came another pivotal moment for minority rights. On December 1st, 1955 the renowned Rosa Parks forever changed history as she was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, as a result of not sitting in the back of the bus where African Americans were assigned. She became a prominent civil rights activist, and boycotted the Montgomery bus department for more than a year following her arrest. Among those who joined her was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Arguably the most significant civil rights activist in American history, led the boycott to victory. Consequently, the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation for public transportation as unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court ruled segregated seating on public buses unconstitutional in November 1956. By that time, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr organized a nonviolent resistance. Dr. King was heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and African American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, nonviolence, and gay rights, Bayard Rustin. Because of his great influence with his protests, he became the target of white supremacist who longed for his demise and a stop to Blacks standing up and making a difference. Martin’s house was firebombed in January 1957 by those hate-fueled groups.