The organization, therefore, played a significant role in the civil rights movements as indicated by the opposition to the introduction of racial segregation into the policies hiring and offices of the federal government.By the begging of 1960, the group has approximately 6000 members and over 50 branches across the nation(NAACP,2013). The high numbers enabled the organization to be influential in winning the rights of back people to serve as officers during the World Wars. In the subsequent years, the group played an increasingly important role in organizing nationwide protests that included marches in many cities against the silent movie by DW Griffin Birth of a
Montgomery Bus Boycott- In Montgomery, 1955, blacks were forced to sit in the back of the bus. One day Rosa Parks, a true hero, said no when asked to move to the back of the bus. She was arrested and that is when the boycott started. African American Men and Women didn’t ride the bus for more than a year. They started a boycott team which was led by Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr., and many other people joined.
Riders on the second bus were beaten badly in Birmingham Alabama.. The first ride had ended due to all the violence. They still didn't give up they still had faith. The original riders were forced to go back to New Orleans successive protesters followed them to integrate Southern buses. The second ride had begun, there was thirteen volunteers seven black and six whites.
Board of Education case, came another pivotal moment for minority rights. On December 1st, 1955 the renowned Rosa Parks forever changed history as she was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, as a result of not sitting in the back of the bus where African Americans were assigned. She became a prominent civil rights activist, and boycotted the Montgomery bus department for more than a year following her arrest. Among those who joined her was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Arguably the most significant civil rights activist in American history, led the boycott to victory. Consequently, the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation for public transportation as unconstitutional.
During the remaining days of November 1960, New Orleans was very chaotic. White racists screamed at six-year-old Ruby Bridges and treated her with hatred and contempt. The mayor of New Orleans appeared on television asking for people to respond in a calm and accepting manner of the integration of Frantz Elementary due to the numerous amounts of protests. Ruby motivated other schools to desegregate. Later, she graduated from a desegregated high school.
Martin Luther King Jr was a big help with segregation. In 1955, he led to boycott and in his early 20’s he became the civil right leader. When you think about segregation, what do you think of? Well, I think of Martin Luther King trying his best to get whites and blacks back together. I think of him trying to end racism, trying to let the colored people get the same opportunities as the whites had.
The original purpose of the black party was to patrol the community of African Americans from police brutality. - Greensboro Sit-Ins The sit-ins stared when four African American male students sat in a lunch counter in North Carolina. The sit-in protests were a huge success in lunch counters. Years after the protest, segregation in public places was illegal due to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that was passed by the congress. - SNCC- Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee The SNCC was founded in April 1960.
After Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man, many African-Americans began to walk to work instead of taking buses. This greatly impacted the bus companies economically because African-Americans were 75% of bus riders. This forced the bus companies to integrate and was eventually mandated by law. The bus boycott incident forced other cities in the south to rethink their laws regarding segregation. For example, on January 10, 1957 “bombs destroyed five black churches and the home of Reverend Robert S. Graetz, one of the few white Montgomerians who had publicly sided with the MIA(Montgomery Improvement Association)”(1).
The event that brought about the boycott took place on December 1, 1955. On this day, four African American passengers, including Rosa Parks, were asked to give up their seats on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, as per a city ordinance. Parks was the only one to refuse. Because of this, she was arrested and fined. When Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. caught wind of this, he and a colleague organized the boycott of Montgomery 's bus system.
It started after Rosa Parks, who was a secretary of the local National Association for the Advancement of Colored People chapter, had refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus. She was then arrested after. For 381 days, activists coordinated a bus boycott, which placed a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners. This was because the majority of people using the buses were colored people rather than whites.These activists chose Martin Luther King Jr. to be their leader and the official spokesperson for this protest. Because of events like the Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which were non-violent protests, they were able to help bring about such landmark legislations like the
When the whites only section filled up. She refused to give up her seat to the new white riders. She was arrested and stood trial for violating segregation laws. Montgomery Bus Boycott- People walked, bikes, joined carpools. In 1956 they let blacks ride buses.
At the end of it, John Lewi wa an official freedom rider. Freedom riders were made up of seven white people and six black people. They would ride together back and forth to birmingham. Even though whis sounds like an easy task, this was actually very dangerous.On their first ride, They were beaten even though they were perfectly legal.On May 14,1961, One of the groups were having a picnic when they got word that the kkk had attacked the other bus and put it in flames. The chief officer said it was mother 's day and they tried to let as many people off as possible.
struggle in Alabama. The law of segregated public transportation was later lifted after the city of Montgomery was defeated in several court rulings, which led to large financial losses. The boycott lasted for 382 days and those days were full of violence and harassment. It included attacks on MLK Jr’s house and E.D Nixon’s house (E.D Nixon was the head of the Montgomery NAACP branch). Soon after the victory of the bus boycott, Martin Luther King Jr. established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to organize the power of the churches in the South.
All the seats in the white section were taken and at the next stop, a white man didn’t have a seat. The bus driver asked for Rosa to give up her seat for the white man, but she refused. Rosa Parks was arrested and this outraged the black community. This event was controversial to the civil rights movement. On February 1st, 1960 four African American friends named David,
In 1954 the Supreme Court decided to make a historic decision and made it unconstitutional to make public schools segregated. 3 years after segregation was banned the south was still not accepting of the new rule so when nine students in Little Rock, Arkansas tried to join the white high school they were not accepted. At first, there were huge protests and violence to stop the kids but that still did not work. After that, the state called in the National Guard to keep the kids out but the kids became so popular in the news that the president sent in the actual Army to protect the kids and keep the rioters out. 5 years after that was a big step for the University of Mississippi because their first black student was admitted in 1962.